Ancestry of Juan Ponce de León

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Ponce de León
Ethnicity Spanish
Current region Spain and Puerto Rico
Place of origin  Spain
Notable members Juan Ponce de León II and Juan Ponce de León y Loayza

Juan Ponce de León y Ayala was born in Villagarcía de la Torre, Spain. He died in 1521. He was the second count of Arcos. The title was conceded by the King, Juan II after Juan Ponce de León y Ayala's father, Pedro Fernandez Ponce de León y Haro died during the year of February 5, 1448. Juan Ponce de León y Ayala's mother was Maria Perez de Ayala y Guzman.[1][2]

Historical and ancestral origin[edit]

Sancha Ponce de Cabrera, daughter of Ponce Giraldo de Cabrera and Sancha Núñez, married, Vela Gutiérrez, son of count Gutierre Vermúdez and countess Toda Pérez de Traba. Ponce Vela de Cabrera, son of Vela Gutiérrez and Sancha Ponce de Cabrera, married Teresa Rodríguez Girón, daughter of Rodrigo Gutiérrez Girón and his first wife, María de Guzmán. Ponce and Teresa were the parents of Pedro Ponce de Cabrera who married, Aldonza Alfonso de León, the illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso IX of León and Aldonza Martinez de Silva lady of honor of Mansilla.

Fernan Ponce de León founded one of the most ancient Andalusian mayorazgos in the city of Marchena. King Fernando granted the senorio by way of donation in 1309. Later in 1340 the mayorazgo of Mairena is conjoined by the mercy of King Alfonso IX. The title of Bailen was added in 1349 by purchase from the crown. The title of Count Arcos was conceded by King Juan II during the year of 1440 in exchange for the title Count of Medelin.

Rodrigo Ponce de León III Count of Arcos, II Marques and II Duke of Cadiz, Rodrigo acquired the palaces in 1471 and Pruña in 1442 by purchase. The Catholic Monarchs conceded the villa and title of Marquis of Zahara, which was later inherited by the firstborn of the House.[3]

It is a known historical fact that Juan Ponce de León y Ayala was the grandfather of Juan Ponce de León, the discoverer and governor of Florida. Juan Ponce de León y Ayala had many wives, but only one woman was his legitimate wife, his former concubine, Leonor Nunez de Prado. These illegitimate liaisons produced many children and sorting them out has been a difficult task for historians and genealogists. Many theories have arisen around these marriages and the children that came out of them, but they have only served to add to the confusion and that confusion has muddled whom Juan Ponce de León the explorer's ancestors were. The genealogy presented here has been derived from documents within the Ministry of Culture, Spain and they have been used to map out and verify the family tree of Juan Ponce de León, discoverer and governor of Florida.

In addition to Juan Ponce de León y Ayala's many lands and titles the Ponce de León family owned and operated a soap factory in Seville, Spain. This fact was discovered within a document in the archives of Spain. It was authored in the year of 1448 by Francisco de Torres in a letter of ownership rights that was inserted by his father, Juan de Torres, A certain amount of rents that had been accruing from the soap factory in Seville were owed to the III count of Arcos, marques of Cadiz, Rodrigo Ponce de León. Rodrigo had ceded the soap factory to Juan de Torres in a dowery contract agreement.[4]

Marriages[edit]

First[edit]

Juan Ponce de León y Ayala's first wife was Leonor de Guzman y Silva.[5] What wasn't known by Juan Ponce de León y Ayala when he had married Leonor de Guzman that he was her second husband and she was still married. Her first husband was Juan de Paraiso. Leonor Nunez, who was the illegitimate mistress of Juan Ponce de León y Ayala, had been trying to find a way to become his legitimate wife. When she finally discovered that Leonor de Guzman had had a prior marriage before marrying Juan Ponce de León y Ayala, Leonor Nunez set the process in motion that ended in Juan Ponce de León y Ayala seeking a legal recourse for dissolving his marriage to Leonor de Guzman. This annulment caused the children of Leonor to fall into illegitimate status. This set off a long and dragged out civil litigation in the courts of Spain by Manuel Ponce de León, "El Valiente" and his brother, Pedro Ponce de León y Guzman.[6]

They had the following children together:

  • Pedro Ponce de León y Guzman[7] Lost the primo genitive rights of becoming the III count of Arcos and all its inheritances by way of the conspiracy that Leonor Nunez de Prado initiated against the first wife of Juan Ponce de León y Ayala. Pedro Ponce de León y Guzman was the father in law of Juan Ponce de León, Adelantado and governor of la Florida.
  • Manuel Ponce de León y Guzman, also known as "El Valiente."[8]

Second (illegitimate for ten years)[edit]

Juan Ponce de León y Ayala's second wife was Leonor Nunez de Prado, the daughter of Juan Nunez de Prado and his wife, Urraca Fernandez. Over the course of many years Leonor Nunez de Prado bore twelve children to Juan Ponce de León y Ayala. During the year of 11 23,1438 Juan Ponce de León y Ayala had five of his daughters from this illegitimate marriage formally legitimized.[9]

Leonor Nunez de Prado was Juan Ponce de León y Ayala's concubine and did not get legally married until 3 November 1448. A total of eight children had been born illegitimately during the time before their marriage. The formal marriage date of their wedding contract is contained within four documents in the Section of Nobility within the National Historical Archives of Spain. Testimony of the marriage between Juan Ponce de León, II count of Arcos and Leonor Nunez de Prado, his second wife was given before the clerks Alfonso Gomez and Fernan Gonzalez and the Prior of the monastery of San Geronimo de Buena Vista, friar Juan de Medina along with other witnesses were present.[10]

They had the following children together:

  • Rodrigo Ponce de León y Nunez. Born 1443, died, 27 August 1492. Rodrigo's first burial place was within the convent of San Agustin. Then his body and that of his wife, Beatriz were moved to the church of the Anunciation in Seville, Spain during the year 1840 by his descendant, Pedro Tellez Giron. The actual date of death of Rodrigo has its source from the actual plaque that adorns Rodrigo and Beatriz's final resting place.

Rodrigo Ponce de León y Nunez became the III count of Arcos after his mother conspired against the legitimate wife of Juan Ponce de León y Ayala, Leonor de Guzman. Leonor Nunez de Prado won the senorio and mayorazgo of Arcos for her elder son Rodrigo Ponce de León. Rodrigo also gained the title, First Duke of Arcos. Rodrigo was the heroic figure in the last phase of the reconquest, the defeat and expulsion of the Moors from Spain. Rodrigo was called the second Cid. Captured the city of Alhama and Malaga from the Moors on behalf of the Catholic Monarchs. He fought in the Moorish wars from 1465 to 1469. Rodrigo was granted the title, Marques of Zahara in the year of 1484. King Enrique IV granted him the title, Marques of Cadiz in the year of January 1471. Queen Isabella granted Rodrigo the title of Duke of Cadiz during the year of 1484. A royal decree was issued in 1466 by Queen Juana de Portugal ratifying a donation that King Enrique IV made to Rodrigo of the Villa of Tarita and the tenancy of Alcazar of Carmona in exchange for the submission of Sevilla that Rodrigo had gained during his service to the King.[11]

Rodrigo Ponce de León y Nunez married Juana Tellez Giron who became the First Countess of Arcos and then he married as his second wife, her sister, Maria Tellez Giron, daughters of Juan Tellez Giron II count of Urena.[12] Rodrigo had made a marriage contract to marry Beatriz the daughter of Pedro Fernandez de Marmolejo, 24 of Sevilla, against the wishes of his father in 1459. The contract was eventually annulled in 1465. In the year of 1460 Rodrigo married Beatriz de Pacheco the daughter of Juan de Pacheco, Marques of Villena.[13]

  • Catalina Ponce de León y Nunez married to Diego de Cardenas,[14] She married a second husband, Juan de la Torre.[15]
  • Juana Ponce de León y Nunez married, Juan Ramirez de Guzman[16]
  • Mayor Ayala Ponce de León married, Arnao Segarra
  • Ines Ponce de León y Nunez married, Luis de Guzman
  • Isabel Ponce de León married, Pedro de Guzman, "El Bayo"
  • Florentina Ponce de León married, Fernando de Zorita.
  • Manuel Ponce de León married, Guiomar de Castro.
  • Maria Ponce de León married, Martin Fernandez de Cordova
  • Beatriz Ponce de León married, Pedro de Pineda.
  • Luis Cristobal Ponce de León
  • Eugenio Ponce de León
  • Juan Ponce de León married Isabel de Portocarrero.[17] This Juan Ponce de León is often mistaken as the Adelantado of la Florida, the discoverer of Florida.

Third (illegitimate)[edit]

Juan Ponce de León y Ayala's third wife was Catalina Gonzalez de Oviedo. Catalina Gonzalez de Oviedo was the great grandmother of Juan Ponce de León, Adelantado de la Florida.[18] It is within this marriage that we find the family of Juan Ponce de León, the Adelantado of la Florida.

They had the following children together:

  • Elvira Ponce de León y Gonzalez married Alonso Fernandez de Montemayor.[19]
  • Enrique Ponce de León married to Francisca de Saavedra[20]
  • Lope Ponce de León, married Catalina de Perea Carrizosa (His story and genealogy continued below)
  • Histropo Ponce de León, married Catalina de Vera y Zorita
  • Sancha Ponce de León, married Juan Muniz de Godoy y Alvarez
  • Beltran Ponce de León
  • Constanza Ponce de León

Fourth (illegitimate)[edit]

Mencia de Forera, no issue. In a document dated 1489, Mencia de Forera has been mentioned as Juan Ponce de León y Ayala's concubine who was left part of an inheritance of lands in Carmona.[21]

Parents of Juan Ponce de León, Adelantado and Governor of la Florida[edit]

Lope Ponce de León married Catalina de Perea Carrizosa. These are the parents of Juan Ponce de León, Adelantado de la Florida.

Children of Lope Ponce de León and Catalina de Perea Carrizosa[edit]

Juan Ponce de León Gonzalez de Perea. Born 1450, Santeveras de Campos, obispado de Leon. Died 1521, San Cristobal de la Havana. Buried in the Cathedral of the Isla de San Juan de Puerto Rico.[22] The reference document informs us that Juan Ponce de León was the nephew of Rodrigo Ponce de León and it also confirms that Juan Ponce de León was the son of Lope Ponce de León and Catalina de Perea.

Juan Ponce de León Gonzalez de Perea accompanied Pedro Nunez de Guzman during the famous battle to reconquer Granada from the Moors as his page and Squire. This is the place where Juan Ponce encountered his first series of battles and he learned his military logistics at Granada.

In the early part of the 1500s he traveled with Christopher Columbus on his second voyage to Isla Hispanola. It was during this time he decided to return to the Caribbean islands.He did battle with the indigenous people there who were in constant rebellion. Juan Ponce de León overcame the Taino and the Guanajatabey tribes. He was rewarded with a governorship of Higuey.

Juan Ponce de León's political ambition and career took him to Puerto Rico and in 1509 he created a settlement there using his own funds and began the monumental task of building a fortress on the island of San Juan also at his own expense. He became governor of Puerto Rico by royal decree.

The contract and license to explore and discover la Florida was issued to Juan Ponce de León after he was relieved of his title of governor of Isla de San Juan de Puerto Rico.. Juan Ponce lost some of his extensive land holdings in the legal processes that were brought forth by Diego Colon, the son of Christopher Columbus. Despite Juan Ponce de León's loss of the office of governor, he still retained the office of Captain General. He also retained the wealth from several large plantations, slaves and other valuable holdings in ships and houses.. Apparently, he was disappointed with his condition on Isla de San Juan. In combination with the proverbial wanderlust and restlessness of conquistadors to obtain more wealth and prestige might have been the motivating factor that spurred Juan Ponce de León.

In the year of February 23, 1512 His contract to explore and discover la Florida had been signed and sealed by the King of Spain.[23] These are the terms of the contract as dictated by the King to Lope Conchillos:

"Whereas Juan Ponce de León sends to me to entreat and ask as a favor from me that I grant permission and authority to go to discover and settle the islands of Bimini, beneath certain conditions which will herein and hereafter be declared therefore in order to grant you. Provided it be not one of those islands already discovered and under the conditions and as will be set forth as follows:

Item: With the ships you desire to take on the journey at your own cost and expense you may go discover and you shall discover the aforementioned island and for the task you may have three years time counted from the day on which this contract shall be presented to you or when the contract shall be made with youin regard to the settlements of the aforesaid, provided that you shall be obliged to go discover within the first year of the three years aforementioned. And that on going you may touch upon at any islands and mainland of the Ocean Sea, both discovered and yet to be discovered. Provided they not be among the islands and mainland of the Ocean Sea bleonging to the very serene king of Portugal our very dear and beloved son, and it is understood that you may not take or possess any profit or any other thing from them or any of them lying within the limits stipulated between us and him beyond only the things which should be necessary for your maintenance and provision of ships and men by paying for them what they are worth.

Item: That you may take and thereshall be taken on your part in these kingdoms of Castilla or in the said Isla Espanola for the above said, the ships, supplies, officers, sailors and men that you should find necessary by paying them in full according to custom in the presence of our officials in Isla Espanola at present residing and who should reside in our House of Trade of Seville.

Item: In order to show you favor I order that during the period of three years no one may go nor shall he go to discover the island of Bimini and if anyone should go discover it or should discover it by accident the stipulations of my decree should be carried out with you and not with the person who should thus discover it. You shall lose nothing of the rights which you have therefore provided that as aforementioned you should sail to discover it within the first year and that it will be of no value in any other way and provided that it be not one of those of which report and certain knowledge is had.

Item: That when you find and discover the island in the manner aforementioned I make you the gift of the government and justice of it for all the days of your life and for it I will give you full power and civil and criminal jurisdiction with all their incidences and dependencies and annexes and rights.

Item: That when you find the island you will be obliged to settle it at your cost in the sites and places that you can best do it and that you may have possession of the houses and farms and settlements and heriditaments that you should make there and of the gain you should have in the island in accordance with the provisions of this contract.

Item: That if fortresses have to be built in the island they must be and shall be at our cost and we shall place therein our wardens as we should see best to fulfill our service and while the aforementioned forts are being built you should build any house or houses for habitation and for defense from the Caribs. These shall be your own and if there should be need thereof for our service you shall have to give them on being paid their value.

Item: That I shall give you and by the present I do give you for the space of twelve years counted from the day on which you discover the island of Bimini the tenth of all revenues and profits belonging to us in the aforementioned island if this is not from the tithes of our profits or in any other manner whatsoever.

Item: That the allotment of the Caribs who should be in the aforementioned island shall be made by the person or persons who should be appointed by me and in no other manner.

Item: That I shall order you and by the present I do order you that the Caribs who should be in the said island shall be allotted in accordance with the persons there should be in your expedition and that this should be observed and that the first discoverers be provided for before any other persons and that all the preference that should conveniently be shown in this be given to them.

Item: That I grant for the space of ten years that those persons who should go to discover the aforementioned island and who should settle on that voyage enjoy the gold and other metals and profitable things which should be in the island without paying us from them other fees or tithes the first year. In the second of the ninth part, in the third the eighth part, in the fourth year the seventh part, in the fifth year the sixth part and other five years after that paying the fifth in accordance with and in the form and manner in which it is now paid in the Isla Espanola and that the other settlers who should go later are not included among the discoverers should pay the fifth from the first year for I order another exemption to be given to the latter instead of that from gold.

Item: To show greater benefit and favor to you the said, Juan Ponce de León, it is my will and pleasure that you are to have the government and settlement of all the islands lying near the island of Bimini which you should discover in your person and at your cost and expense in the manner aforementioned and which are not among those islands of which information is had as said under the conditions and in the form that is set forth in this agreement and as by virtue thereof you are to have of the said island.

Item: That I grant to you the title of our Adelantado of the island and of the other islands you shall discover in the said manner.

Item: That you should collect the gold if there should be any in the same way in which it is now collected in the Isla Espanola or in the form and manner that I shall order.

Item: That you shall not take in your company for the aforementioned voyage any person or persons who are foreigners from outside our domains and seigniories.

Item: That for assurance that you the said Juan Ponce de León and the persons who should go with you will execute, carry out and perform and that the contents of this contract which it pertains to you to observe and carry out shall be carried out, performed and observed before making the said voyage shall give trustworthy and creditable bonds to the satisfaction of our officials residing on the Isla Espanola.

Item: That you the said Juan Ponce and the other persons who should go and remain there shall execute and observe and perform all that is contained in this my said agreement and every part and parcel of it and you shall not cause any fraud or deceit, nor shall you give favor or aid or consent thereto and if you should learn of any you will inform us and our officials in our name under penalty that any person of you who should do the contrary by that very fact he who does not so act shall have lost any grace or benefit which he should have from us and shall pay in his person and goods all the penalties which we should consider it fitting to order on the person and goods of those who should do it or consent to it or conceal it.

Item: That after having reached the island and learned what it is in it you shall send me a report of it and another to our officials who reside in the Isla Espanola so that we may know what should have been done and take the measures fitting to our service.

Therefore if you the said Juan Ponce carry out all the aforementioned and every part and parcel of it and shall have given the said bonds or give and pay the things aforementioned I promise and assure you by the present to order everything contained in this contract and every part and parcel of it to be observed and carried out and order our officials in the Isla Espanola that in our name in accordance with the abovementioned they should make the said contract and agreement with you and receive the said bonds. For your dispatch I am ordering Don Diego Colon our admiral and governor of the said Isla Espanola and our appellante judges and the officials of our treasury who reside there and all the justices of the said Isla Espanola that they give you all the favor and aid that you should find necessary and that no impediments be offered you therein or in every part and parcel of it.

Done In Burgos, February 23, 1512

I the King.

By the command of his Highness

Lope Conchillos

Sealed: Bishop of Palencia."

Special note: Juan Ponce de León had been contracted to discover the island of Bimini which he accomplished. He then sailed from that island to discover what he thought was another island. He named it, Pascua Florida. The indigenous people he had encountered there were hostile and fought with him. The Indians had probably encountered Portuguese slavers in the past after they weighed anchor to replenish their water and food supplies. Those encounters might have not been favorable and set the stage for hostile and aggressive attitude towards strangers invading their lands. There is a legend that Taíno people rowed their way to la Florida to warn the indigenous people there that Juan Ponce de León and his soldiers were coming. The reason why the Calusa were hostile has been lost to time. During Juan Ponce de León's voyage the Gulf Stream was discovered as well as the islands that comprise the Florida Keys.

Land was sighted, off the Florida coast during March of 1513. On March 27, 1513 Juan Ponce de León and his party came ashore and claimed la Florida on behalf of King Ferdinand. Historically, Juan Ponce de León and his ships landed 125 miles south of Saint Augustine, near what is now Melbourne Beach. After a time the explorer set sail, Juan Ponce de León and his crew sailed around the coasts of la Florida for several weeks looking for gold and silver and other precious materials. He found none and must have been disappointed. Juan Ponce de León returned to Puerto Rico. Much later in 1521 he realized the value of the settlement he was supposed to have established in Florida after witnessing ships transporting precious ores, jewels and produce from Peru and Mexico. .

On February 10, 1521 Juan Ponce de León wrote the new king of Spain informing him of his intent to continue the job he had left undone of exploring and settling la Florida:

Puerto Rico, February 10, 1521

"Among my services I have discovered at my own cost and expense, the island la Florida, and others in its district that have not been mentioned as they are small and inconsequential and now I return to that island if it pleases God's will, to settle it, being enabled to carry a number of persons with which I shall be able to do so. That the name of Christ be praised there and your Majesty be served with the fruits that land produces. And I also intend to explore the coast of the aforementioned island or whether it connects with the land that Diego Velasquez is, or any other; and I shall endeavor to learn all I can. I shall set sail to pursue my voyage hence in five or six days."

[24] The exact date of Juan Ponce de León's departure can be determined from a letter that de Gama penned off to the king on February 15, 1521 from Puerto Rico:

"The Adelantado Juan Ponce de León starts his journey from this island on the twentieth of this month with another expedition to settle la Florida and to make discoveries in the adjoining country."[25]

Juan Ponce de León and his party landed in the area around Caloosa Hatchee river.While the members of the party were busy building what was to be the new settlement they were attacked by members of the Calusa tribe. During the battle Juan Ponce took an arrow that had been laced with poison. One can imagine that he died slowly and painfully of his wounds in Havana. His grandson, Juan Troche-Ponce de León transferred his remains to Puerto Rico and interred him in the Cathedral of San Juan de Puerto Rico.

Historically Juan Ponce de León Gonzalez de Perea was said to be an "illegitimate son and of a humble but noble family," but historians and genealogists had gotten the story reversed because it was his father, Lope Ponce de León who was in fact the illegitimate son instead. Legends and myths tend to distort the historical reality especially when the important task of looking for documentation within archives has been neglected by historians and authors. There are two other individuals within the Ponce de León family tree that share the same first name and surname. Juan Ponce de León who was married to a Portocarrero and the other Juan Ponce de León called, "El Bermejo", (the red head). We can eliminate Juan Ponce de León "el Bermejo" because archival records reveal that he would have been far too old to have made the grueling trip that led to the discovery of la Florida. Juan Ponce de León, El Bermejo was the son of Pedro Ponce de León de Guzman and Maria de Luna y Rojas. He was born ca. 1424. There is an archival record that provide dates that give us an idea how old he may have been.The record is a Judicial Emancipation that was authored by the II count of Arcos during the year of 1466 regarding his grand children, the children of his son, Pedro Ponce de León and Maria de Luna, Juan, Luis, and Leonor Ponce de León.[26]

The second document from the archives informs the reader that Juan Ponce de León, El Bermejo, was involved in a litigation against Rodrigo Ponce de León, the III count of Arcos, I duke of Arcos, from the year of 1449 through 1528 He is in court with Maria Ponce de León, daughter of Luis Ponce de León and his descendants, fighting over the rights of the house and mayorazgo of Arcos. This litigation was a very long and protracted court case. Juan Ponce de León, the governor and discoverer of la Florida had died during the year of 1521. he couldn't be in Spain litigating a case against the house of Arcos.[27]

Juan Ponce de León, the Adelantado was closely related to Rodrigo Ponce de León the III Count of Arcos, He was his nephew.[28]

The next source document talks to us about Juan Ponce de León and his brother Pedro Ponce de León, the sons of Lope Ponce de León, bringing a lawsuit against their cousin, Rodrigo Ponce de León, Third Count of Arcos over one quarter part of a property and its rents. Pedro took responsibility of the holding on behalf of his brother Juan Ponce de León during the time Juan Ponce de León was a minor. This document also incorporates a letter of sale and purchase authored by Rodrigo Ponce de León in favor of his cousins, Juan and Pedro Ponce de León of half of a property situated in Carmona.

Historical sources and genealogists often site a woman named Leonor Ponce de León as being the wife of Juan Ponce de León. Without any historical documentation it has been suggested that she was the daughter of an inn keeper. One has to take into consideration that Spanish society was a stratified one. Individuals, especially men of high rank and status only married women who possessed the same. Furthermore there are no official records of her to be found within the various archives in Puerto Rico, la Isla Hispanola, Spain or anywhere else in the New World. According to the strict conventions put forth by historians and genealogists if no record can be found within any archive or civil registry for a specific marriage, then that marriage has to be listed as an undocumented and theorietical one,

In order to find who was the legitimate wife and mother of the children of Juan Ponce de León one has to search the archives for a written record that supports the marriage. The legitimate wife of Juan Ponce de León, the Adelantado and discoverer of Florida has been found within the document listing the merits and services of the son of Juan Ponce de León, Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León.

Son of Juan Ponce de León[edit]

Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León de Luna. Born, ca, 1471 Reynos de Castilla. Died, Guatemala, Mexico.

Like his father, Juan Ponce de León, Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León was surrounded with mystery and legend as well as many errors that have been made regarding his origin. To site one error as an example within an important history book, it was within a short list of passengers sited within the book as "First European Contacts" it gives a very short list of passengers, "Anton de Alaminos, pilot of the Brigantine, Beatriz and Juana Jimenez, two African freemen, Juan Garido and Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León and two unnamed Taino seafarer guides from Puerto Rico."[29] But a document was found within the General Archives of the Indies entitled, Informaciones Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León, dated 1532 strips away the myth and legend to tell us who Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León really was.

The beginning pages of the document relates the merits and services of Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León. It is written in his own hand. He informs the reader that he was living in Mexico during the time the documents were being written, that he had begun his service to his Majesty the King during the year of 1505. In his youth he had traveled from Castilla, Spain to la Isla Espanola during the year of 1508 with his father, Juan Ponce de León, the governor of Isla de San Juan Puerto Rico. During his service to the king Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León held the position of captain. He also informs the reader that he was employed as a spy gathering information on behalf of the king. While living on la Espanola he had been given some indigenous slaves in a small repartamiento. It was during this time that he served as an interpreter of the Taíno language. During his military career in Mexico he was again employed as a spy and interpreter translating Aztec to Spanish. Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León relates that was part of what has been called La Noche Triste during the year of 1520 in Tenochitlan, Mexico. He writes about how he had suffered many wounds during the battle in which conquistadors had to fight to save their lives while escaping from hundreds of Aztec warriors. The battle was intense as many conquistadors had been brutally killed.

On document page number 0000SX03 Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León informs the reader that his mother was Beatriz de Luna y Ponce de León and that his father was Juan Ponce de León, the Adelantado of la Florida. Beatriz de Luna y Ponce de León was the daughter of Pedro Ponce de León y Guzman and his wife, Maria de Luna y Rojas. Pedro Ponce de León y Guzman was the illegitimate son of Juan Ponce de León y Ayala and his first wife, Leonor de Guzman.

Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León's grand parents were Lope Ponce de León y Gonzalez and his wife, Catalina de Perea y Carrizosa.[30]

Juan Gozalez Ponce de León was married to, Francisca de Ordas. The source for this information was found within the General Archive of the Indies within a license to travel to Mexico issued to Diego de Ordaz de Leon on 03 07, 1559; who was a resident of Mexico, son of Juan Gonzalez de Leon and Francisca de Ordaz.[31]

Siblings of Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León[edit]

  • Juana Ponce de León married, Garci Troche de Olmedo on Oct 1519.
  • Maria Ponce de León married Gaspar Troche de Olmedo on 9 October 1521.
  • Isabel Ponce de León married, Antonio de la Gama on 16 June 1520.
  • Luis Ponce de León, without issue. Died 1526, New Spain, Mexico.

Juan Ponce de León's Achievement[edit]

Despite Juan Ponce de León's failure to successfully found a colony in la Florida his main contribution lies within creating, founding, defending and populating a successful settlement and fortification on the island of San Juan de Puerto Rico and in Higuey, and Isla Espanola where Columbus failed during his second voyage. Juan Ponce discovered la Florida and technically was the first European to set foot upon what is now the Continental United States and he was the first Governor in title of it. Other conquistadors came after him, Pedro Menendez de Aviles who created, fortified defended and founded at his own expense, the town of Saint Augustine, many years before the Pilgrims landed upon Plymouth Rock.

Juan Ponce de León's descendants are still living and thriving in the Caribbean, Mexico, and even in the United States. His legacy continues to be a monumental one.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Simon Barton: The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press, 2002.
  • Primary Source: The Ancestors of Juan Ponce de León, Juan Ponce de León His New and Revised Genealogy by John J, Browne Ayes[32]
  • Secondary Source: Who Was Juan Ponce de León? by Charles W. Arnade.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ El Rey, Juan II, haciendo merced a Juan Ponce de León del titulo de Conde de Arcos, en lugar y por fallecimiento de su padre, el Conde Pedro Ponce de León." Source for above:Archivo: Seccion Nobleza del Archivo Historico Nacional Sig: Osuna, C.117,D28 Ref Code: Es.41168.SNAHN/1025.2.1.1//Osuna,C.117,D28 1448-02-05, (Valladolid.) Original con autographo y cello de placa. Copia autorizada en 1711. Juan II Rey de Castilla, 1405-1454, Ponce de León, Ayala, Juan, Conde de Arcos II, Ponce de León, Haro, Pedro, Conde de Arcos I."
  2. ^ Second source for Pedro and Maria's marriage - Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.141,D.71-116 Código de Referencia: ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.3.1//OSUNA,C.141,D.71-116 Escrituras de compraventa, donaciones y otros documentos referentes a diferentes bienes de Utrera (Sevilla) pertenecientes a la casa de Arcos. Fecha reducida 1426-01-01 (Utrera (Sevilla)) - Fecha reducida 1693-08-06 (Utrera (Sevilla)) Signatura Histórico: OSUNA,LEG.141,D.11 Documentos 71 y 72: Cartas de compraventa de unas casas en Utrera, en la colación de Santiago, y de la heredad de Valcargado (Utrera) a favor de Pedro Ponce de León, [I Conde de Arcos], y de su mujer María de Ayala. Originales. 1435, abril, 3 - diciembre, 30. PASAN A OSUNA,CP.72,D.12 y 13 Translation:Letters of purchase and sale: Document 71 and 72: letters of Sale and purchase of houses on Utera, in Santiago, and of the inheritance of Valcargado in Utera in favor of Pedro de Leon, I count of Arcos and his wife, Maria de Ayala.
  3. ^ ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2 Título: 1.2. Ducado de Arcos Fecha Formacion: 1239-08-29 - 1788-12-31 Nivel de Descripcion: 1ra Division Historia Archivistica: El estado señorial de Arcos pertenece a los Ponce de León, linaje que tiene su origen en el tronco castellano de los Cabrera, uno de cuyos primogénitos, Pedro Ponce de Cabrera, había casado con Aldonza Alfonso de León, hija ilegítima de Alfonso IX y Aldonza Martinez de Silva, Señora del honor de Mansilla. Fernán Ponce de León inició uno de los mayorazgos andaluces mas antiguos en torno a la ciudad de Marchena, señorío que recibe en 1309 de Fernando IV. Posteriormente se agregarán al mayorazgo , Mairena (1342) por merced de Alfonso IX, Bailén (1349) por compra a la corona, y Arcos (1440) concedida por Juan II, con el título de conde, a cambio del título de conde de Medellín. Rodrigo Ponce de León III Conde de Arcos, II Marqués y I duque de Cadiz, adquiere los Palacios (1471) y Pruna (1482). Los Reyes Católicos le conceden la villa y título de Marqués de Zahara, título que llevarán los primogénitos de la Casa.
  4. ^ Archivo Seccion Nobleza del Archivo Historico Nacional.Signatura: OSUNA, C.187, D.84-95 ES.41168.SNAHN//OSUNA, C.187, D.84-95. Titulo: Documentacion relativa a la compraventa otorgada por Francisco de Torres, en virtud de una carta de poder inserta de su padre, Juan de Torres, de cierta cantidad de maravedies de renta que tenia sobre las jaboneras de Sevilla, a favor del III conde de Arcos y marques de Cadiz, Rodrigo Ponce de León, el cual se las habia cedido previamente al dicho Juan de Torres. Fecha Creacion: 1448-02-23, Sevilla, 1593-03-26.
  5. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.116,D.70-72 Código de Referencia:ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.5.11//OSUNA,C.116,D.70-72 Testamento de Leonor de Guzmán, primera mujer de Juan Ponce de León, [II] conde Arcos. Fecha Creación:1441-03-13, (Sevilla (Sevilla)) - 1499-01-18, (Sevilla (Sevilla)). Translation: Testament of Leonor de Guzman, the first wife of Juan Ponce de León, II count of Arcos.
  6. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.202,D.1-49 ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.1.11//OSUNA,C.202,D.1-49 Documentación relativa al pleito sobre el derecho a la sucesión del mayorazgo de Arcos que creían tener los descendientes de Pedro Ponce de León, hijo mayor de Juan Ponce de León, [II] conde de Arcos, junto a los llamados "opositores de Bailén", o descendientes de Manuel Ponce de León, [I] conde de Bailén, y otras líneas sucesorias. Fecha Creación: 1493-01-01, (Granada (Granada)) - 1625-12-31 Incluye informes, defensas judiciales, solicitudes, informaciones con interrogatorios Testigos y memoriales. El pleito por la tenuta se compone de diferentes procesos juiciales, por medio de los cuales se fueron sumando diferentes causas o pretendientes del mayorazgo. Pedro Ponce de León, primer hijo de Juan Ponce de León, [II] conde de Arcos, fue excluido de la sucesión por haber nacido de forma ilegítima, puesto que según había dejado dispuesto en su testamento su antecesor y fundador del mayorazgo, esto debía ser una condición inexcusable. Fue fruto de la relación extramatrimonial que el conde de Arcos mantuvo con Leonor Núñez, criada de su mujer, con la que se casará finalmente tras repudiar a su esposa legítima, Leonor de Guzmán. A este aspecto habría que añadir el hecho de que esta mujer estuviera anteriormente casada con un tal Juan del Paraiso, lo cual anularía por completo su matrimonio con dicho conde, y por tanto la consiguiente legitimidad de los hijos. Este será otro de los argumentos utilizados por otras líneas sucesorias que pretendían hacerse con el su continuidad. Con dicha criada, cuyo origen según se expresa en la documentación era el de ser "una mora de Yébenes", tendrá también el conde de Arcos al que será el heredero de la casa, Rodrigo Ponce de León, [III] conde de Arcos, y a Manuel Ponce de León, por cuyo litigio con su hermano este último llegará incluso a la cárcel. El proceso relativo a esta última línea concluirá con la separación de Bailén del mayorazgo de Arcos en 1523 a favor de la misma, por lo que el hijo de este Manuel apodado "El Valiente", Rodrigo Ponce de León, será por acuerdo el I conde de Bailén. Por esta razón los descendientes de Pedro Ponce de León consideran que tras morir éste no debía haberse pasado la sucesión a Rodrigo, sino haber continuado la línea del primogénito. Y en el caso de Manuel Ponce de León, ocurre al contrario. Reclaman el mayorazgo de Arcos tras la muerte de Rodrigo Ponce de León, [III] conde de Arcos, puesto que, casado con Beatriz Pacheco, carecía de herederos varones legítimos, y tiene que solicitar licencia de los Reyes Católicos para legar la sucesión a través de su hija ilegítima Francisca Ponce de León, [IV] señora de Villagarcía, que ya tenía un hijo, su nieto, Rodrigo Ponce de León, que será finalmente I duque de Arcos. Puesto que esta señora estaba casada con Luis Ponce de León, [IV] señor de Villagarcía, que era nieto a su vez de un hermano de Juan Ponce de León, [II] conde de Arcos, de esta manera quedaba legitimada esta sucesión de diversas formas. Lo que la rama de Bailén reclama es el mayorazgo de Arcos heredado de Juan Ponce de León, exluyendo aquello que se agregó con posterioridad, aunque otros pretendientes pedirán incluso lo procedente de la rama de Villagarcía. Por ser un proceso largo y dificultoso, se demorará en el tiempo hasta llegar a Rodrigo Ponce de León, [III] duque de Arcos, y sus coetáneos rivales para conseguir la tenuta, Catalina Ponce de León, hija natural del último conde de Bailén, Rodrigo Ponce de León, tras el cual dicho condado volverá a formar parte de Arcos en el año 1625, a lo cual ella se opone reivindicando sus derechos sobre la totalidad. También lo hace Don Eugenio Álvarez Ponce de León, como sucesor de la rama de Pedro Ponce de León, y Bartomolé de Ávila Zuazo Ponce de León, sucesor de otro hermano del [II] conde de Arcos, Lope Ponce de León. Véase también OSUNA,C.204,D.1-213, y OSUNA,C:202,D.50. Contiene: -Documento 32-33 :interrogatorios previstos para los testigos de ambas partes. Carmona, a 22 de enero de 1501. -Documento 37: copia simple de la aprobación por los Reyes Católicos de la transacción o acuerdo alcanzado entre María Ponce de León, nieta de Pedro Ponce de León, con Rodrigo Ponce de León, [III] conde de Arcos y su mujer Beatriz Pacheco sobre la dicha sucesión. Segovia, a 1 de septiembre de 1494. -Documento 39-40: traslados de las peticiones hechas a la duquesa de Arcos, Beatriz Pacheco, relativas al pleito que mantenía como tutora y curadora de Rodrigo Ponce de León, [I] duque de Arcos, por Francisco Sánchez de Valladolid, Andrés López de Valladolid y otros, los cuales representaban a dicha duquesa, a la que se refieren como "muy poderosa señora", en el pleito contra Manuel Ponce de León, que pretendía la tenuta. Granada, a 18 de enero de 1508 y a 24 de julio de 1509. -Documento 41: provisión real de los Reyes Católicos estableciendo la manera de efectuar algunos de los trámites del pleito entre Manuel y Rodrigo Ponce de León, en cuanto a testigos y costes. Ciudad Real, a 28 de agosto de 1503. -Documento 45: interrogatorios previstos sobre la sucesión y las relaciones de Juan Ponce de León, [II] conde de Arcos con Leonor Núñez y Leonor de Guzmán. Carmona, a 22 de enero de 1501. -Documento 46: memorial del pleito entre Rodrigo Ponce de León, [III] duque de Arcos con Catalina Ponce de León, como heredera del condado de Bailén. Sin lugar ni fecha. -Documento 47: memroial sobre el pleito entre Eugenio Álvarez Ponce de León, Catalina Ponce de León y Rodrigo Ponce de León, [III] duque de Arcos, por la tenuta del condado de Casares. Sin lugar ni fecha.
  7. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.117,D.155-156 ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.2.5//OSUNA,C.117,D.155-156 Cédulas reales de Juan II por las que confirma la donación que hizo el II conde de Arcos, Juan Ponce de León, a su hijo Pedro Ponce de León, de las villas de Arcos, Marchena, Rota y Bailén, y de los demás bienes que componían su mayorazgo para que los gozase tras su muerte. Fecha Creación: 1450-04-15 (Arévalo (Ávila)) - (Arévalo (Ávila)) Signatura Histórico: OSUNA,LEG.117,D.27;OSUNA,LEG.117,D.7 Translation: Royal decree of King Juan II confirming the donation that the II count of Arcos, Juan Ponce de León, gave to his son, Pedro Ponce de León of the Villas of Arcos, Marchena, Rota and Bailen, and any other inheritance that comprises his mayorazgo so he can enjoy them until his death.
  8. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.176,D.18 ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.24.5.1//OSUNA,C.176,D.18 Toma de posesión por parte de Manuel Ponce de León, llamado "el Valiente", hijo de Juan Ponce de León y Leonor de Guzmán, [II] condes de Arcos, de los lugares de Los Palacios y Guadajoz (Sevilla), con sus propiedades, fortalezas, rentas, pechos y derechos, vasallos, jurisdicción civil y criminal, y algunas propiedades en Carmona (Sevilla). Fecha Creación: 1466-03-06, (Los Palacios y Villafranca (Sevilla)) - En Carmona toma posesión del lugar llamado "Torralba", con su casa, tierras de pan, viñas, dehesas, montes, prados, pastos y aguas, por donación de su padre.
  9. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.1596,D.12 Código de Referencia: ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.5.3//OSUNA,C.1596,D.12 Legitmación de las hijas de Juan Ponce de León, [futuro II conde de Arcos], y Leonor Núñez [de Prado]. Fecha Creación: 1438-11-23 (Madrigal (sin determinar)) - 1520-06-16 (Granada (Granada)) Signatura Histórico: OSUNA,C.1596,D.2-50; OSUNA,LEG.1596,D.6 Alcance y Contenido: Traslado de una provisión de Juan II de Castilla legitimando a las hijas de Juan Ponce de León, [futuro II conde de Arcos], y Leonor Núñez [de Prado], llamadas Catalina, María, Inés, Juana e Isabel.
  10. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.121,D.47-50 Código de Referencia: ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.5.1//OSUNA,C.121,D.47-50 Título: Testimonio del matrimonio efectuado entre Juan Ponce de León, [II] conde de Arcos, y Leonor Núñez [de Prado], su segunda esposa, ante los escribanos Alfonso Gómez y Fernán González, y el prior del Monasterio de San Gerónimo de Buenavista, fray Juan de Medina junto a otros testigos. Fecha Creación: 1448-11-03, (Mairena del Alcor (Sevilla)) - Contiene: -Documento 47: original. Mairena del Alcor, a 3 de noviembre de 1448. -Documento 48: traslado de la época. Sin lugar ni fecha. -Documento 49: traslado. Madrid, a 22 de abril de 1758. -Documebto 50: copia simple. Sin lugar ni fecha.
  11. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.141,D.124 Código de Referencia: ES.45168.SNAHN/17.2.1//OSUNA,C.141,D.124 Título: Cédula real de la reina Juana de Portugal por la que ratifica a Rodrigo Ponce de León, hijo del II Conde de Arcos, la donación de Enrique IV hizo de la villa de Tarifa y la tenencia del alcázar de Carmona a cambio de la sumisión de Sevilla que consiguió Rodrigo sirviendo al rey. Fecha Creación: 1466-07-06 S.L. / S.L. Signatura Histórico: OSUNA,LEG.141,D.16 OSUNA,C.141,D.124
  12. ^ ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.1.10.5.5//OSUNA,C.8,D.56 Título: Testamento de Juan Alonso de Guzman, [VI] duque de Medina-Sidonia, [marido de Maria Tellez-Giron, hija de Juan Tellez-Giron, II conde de Urena].ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.3.11//OSUNA,C.121,D.4-17 Título: Capitulaciones matrimoniales estipuladas entre Rodrigo Ponce de León, I duque de Arcos, y Juan Tellez-Giron, [II] conde de Urena, para establecer las dotes y condiciones del casamiento, primero con Juana y luego con Maria [Tellez]-Giron, hijas del dicho conde de Urena. Translation:Testament of Juan Alonso de Guzman, VI duke of Medina Sidonia, husband of Maria Tellez Giron, daughter of Juan Tellez Giron, II count of Urena. Capitulations of the stipulated marriages between Rodrigo Ponce de León, I duke of Arcos and Juan Tellez Giron II count of Urena, to establish the doweries and conditions of the marriage, first with Juana and later with Maria Tellez Giron, daughters of the aforementioned count of Urena.
  13. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: FRIAS,C.1673,D.37 Código de Referencia: ES.41168.SNAHN/1.2.19.5.14//FRIAS,C.1673,D.37 Título: Sentencia del proceso matrimonial entre Rodrigo Ponce de León, hijo de Juan Ponce de León, II Conde de Arcos, con Beatriz, hija de Pedro Fernández Marmolejo, 24 de Sevilla, con quien su padre la hizo casar por la fuerza. Fecha Creación: 1465-12-13 (Villanueva del Camino) - (Villanueva del Camino) - Rodrigo, Marques de Cadiz con Beatriz Pacheco hija de Juan de Pacheco, Marques de Villena. Segovia, 21 noviembre 1460. - Reclamacion y protesta que hace Rodrigo Ponce de León por la imposicion de contraer matrimonio con Beatriz hija de Pedro Fernandez de Marmolejo, 24 de Sevilla, por parte de su padre en contra de sus voluntad 1459. Cuatro despsorios que por palabra de presente hizo con ella. Fecha Creacion:Aproximada, 1450 - 1462
  14. ^ ES.41168.SNAHN/1.2.4.10.2.2//FRIAS,C.894,D.3-7 Pleito entre Catalina Ponce de León, mujer de Diego de Cardenas e hijo del conde de Bailen Francisco Ponce de León, contra Diego Fernandez de Cordoba, duque de Arcos, sobre la posesion del condado de Bailen. Translation: Litigation between Catalina Ponce de León, wife of Diego de Cardenas and the son of the count of Bailen, Francisco Ponce de León, against Diego Fernandez de Cordova, duke of Arcos, regarding the possession of the town of Bailen.
  15. ^ ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.3.1//OSUNA,C.141,D.71-116 Escrituras de compraventa, donaciones y otros documentos referentes a diferentes bienes de Utrera (Sevilla) pertenecientes a la casa de Arcos. Fecha Creacion:Fecha reducida, 1426-01-01, (Utrera (Sevilla)) - Fecha reducida, 1693-08-06, (Utrera (Sevilla)) Documento 73: Carta de aceptacion por parte de Diego Fernandez, Constanza Garcia y su hijo Alfonso de la Torre, de la entrega de la mitad del donadío de Valcargado (Utrera) y de varias casas en la colacion de San Martín en Sevilla, que Juan de la Torre cedio en concepto de dote a su mujer Catalina Ponce de León, hija de Juan Ponce de León [II Conde de Arcos]. Original. Sevilla, 1440, octubre, 15. PASA A OSUNA,CP.72,D.14 Partial translation: Juan de la Torre concedes in concept the dowry to his wife, Catalina Ponce de León, daughter of Juan Ponce de León II count of Arcos.
  16. ^ Archiv. Gen. de Simancas Sig: RGS,149103,254 Ref. Code: ES.47161,AGS/1.31.1.914//RGS,149103,254 1491-03-18 (Sevilla) Dote a Juana Ponce de León, Viuda de Juan de Guzman, Senor de Teba. Translation: Money to Juana Ponce de León, widow of Juan de Guzman, Senor de Teba.
  17. ^ ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.5.1//OSUNA,C.121,D.51-81 Título:Partidas bautismales de diferentes miembros de la Casa de Arcos, comenzando por los hijos de Juan Ponce de León [hijo del II conde de Arcos] e Isabel Portocarrero, y acabando con los hijos de Francisco Ponce de León y María del Rosario Fernández de Córdoba, [X] duques de Arcos. Fecha Creación:Aproximada, 1585-07-24, (Madrid (Madrid)) - Aproximada, 1756-11-18, (Madrid (Madrid)) Partial Translation: Juan Ponce de León son of the II count of Arcos, and his wife, Isabel de Portocarrero.
  18. ^ ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.5.11//OSUNA,C.120,D.8 Testamento otorgado por Isabel Ponce de León, mujer de Cristobal Davila e hija de Lope Ponce de León, hijo natural a su vez del [II] conde de Arcos, Juan Ponce de León, con Catalina Gonzalez. [Lope Ponce de León Gonzalez caso con Catalina de Perea Carrizosa, siendo los padres de la dicha Isabel]. Esta, deja como testamentarios a sus hijos Bartolome, Catalina, Beatriz y Maria. Translation: Testament authored by Isabel Ponce de León, wife of Cristobal Davila and the daughter of Lope Ponce de León, illegitimate son in his turn of the II count of Arcos, Juan Ponce de León, and his wife Catalina Gonzalez. Lope Ponce de León Gonzalez married Catalina de perea carrizosa, making them the parents of the aforementioned Isabel.
  19. ^ Archiv. Seccion Noblez del Archivo Historico Nacional Sig: Ocuna,C.117,D.13 "Renuncia de los hereditos a favor de Juan Ponce de León II, Conde de los Arcos de todo derecho que pudieron tener a la casa y mayorazgo de Arcos. Escritura de renuncia de: Alavar Perez de Guzman, hijo de Alfonso de Guzman y Sancha Ponce de León, hija de Pedro Ponce de León y Maria de Ayala. (Alcala de Guadaira 12 Agosto 1461 "Juan Ponce de León hace cesion del Mayorazgo a su hijo, mayor, (iligimo) Pedro Ponce, Sevilla 22 March 1450. "Luis Ponce de León, hermano, 29 Oct 1460." "Lope Ponce de León, su hermano, 29 Oct 1460" "Elvira Ponce de León, su hermana, mujer de Montemayor Senor de la Villa de Alcaudete, Mairena, 3, Aug 1459." Translation: Renunciation of the beneficiaries in favor of Juan Ponce de León II Count of Arcos of all rights of the house and mayorazgo of Arcos. Writ lf renunciation of, Alvar Perez de Guzman, son of Alfonso de Guzman and Sancha Ponce de León, daughter of Pedro Ponce de León and Maria de Ayala. Juan Ponce de León makes a concession of the mayorazgo to his oldest son, (illegitimate) Pedro Ponce. Luis Ponce de León, brother, Lope Ponce de León, his brother, Elvira Ponce de León, his sister.
  20. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.137,D.82 Código de Referencia: ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.5.11//OSUNA,C.137,D.82 Información sobre aquellas fincas situadas en Carmona (Sevilla) que aparecen en el testamento que otorgó Juan Ponce de León, [II] conde de Arcos, y que fueron heredadas por diferentes hijos y nietos suyos. Fecha Creación: 1469-09-10 (Marchena (Sevilla)) - (Marchena (Sevilla)) Signatura Histórico: OSUNA,C.137,D.5;OSUNA,LEG.137,N.5 Incluye los hijos ilegítimos tenidos con Catalina González: Enrique, Lope, Histropo, Beltrán, Constanza y Sancha. Y los nietos tenidos por parte de su hijo Pedro, tenido con su legítima mujer Leonor Núñez: Luis y Juan. También inlcuye la herencia dejada a su concubina, Mencía de Forera. Translation: Includes the illegitimate children with Catalina Gonzalez, Enrique, Lope, Histropo, Beltran, Constanza and Sancha.
  21. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.137,D.82 Código de Referencia: ES.45168.SNAHN/17.5.11//OSUNA,C.137,D.82 Título: Información sobre aquellas fincas situadas en Carmona (Sevilla) que aparecen en el testamento que otorgó Juan Ponce de León, [II] conde de Arcos, y que fueron heredadas por diferentes hijos y nietos suyos. Fecha Creación: 1469-09-10 Marchena (Sevilla) / Marchena (Sevilla) Signatura Histórico: OSUNA,C.137,D.5;OSUNA,LEG.137,N.5 OSUNA,C.137,D.82 Alcance y Contenido: Incluye los hijos ilegítimos tenidos con Catalina González: Enrique, Lope, Histropo, Beltrán, Constanza y Sancha. Y los nietos tenidos por parte de su hijo Pedro, tenido con su legítima mujer Leonor Núñez: Luis y Juan. También inlcuye la herencia dejada a su concubina, Mencía de Forera
  22. ^ ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.3.1//OSUNA,C.141,D.71-116 Documento 87: Escritura otorgada por Juana Ponce de León, mujer de Pedro de Porras, a favor de Rodrigo Ponce de León, III conde de Arcos, y de su sobrino Juan Ponce de León, hijo de Lope Ponce y Catalina de Perea, por la que les cede todo el derecho que pudiese tener a varios donadios y casas en el termino de Utrera (Sevilla). Original. Logrono, 1487, mayo, 20. Documentos 99 al 101: Escrituras referentes al pleito seguido entre Rodrigo Ponce de León, III conde de Arcos, y su sobrino Juan Ponce contra Beatriz Ponce de León y su marido Diego Maldonado por la posesion de ciertas casas y donadíos en Utrera. Originales. Marchena, 1486, julio, 23 - noviembre,13.
  23. ^ Archivo General de Indias.
  24. ^ Documentos ineditos de Indias. Volume XI, 50-52.
  25. ^ Documentos ineditos de Indias. Volume XI, 54.
  26. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.121,D.130 Código de Referencia: ES.45168.SNAHN/17.5.2//OSUNA,C.121,D.130 Emancipación judicial realizada por el [II] conde de Arcos, Juan Ponce de León, de sus nietos Juan, Luis y Leonor Ponce de León, hijos de su hijo Pedro Ponce de León y María de Luna, para que pudiesen actuar libremente como mayores de edad. Fecha Creación: 1466-02-10 Marchena (Sevilla) / Marchena (Sevilla) Signatura Histórico: OSUNA,C.121,D.14;OSUNA,LEG.121,N.14;OSUNA,LEG.121-14b OSUNA,C.121,D.130.
  27. ^ Archivo: Sección Nobleza del Archivo Histórico Nacional Signatura: OSUNA,C.201,D.3-78 Código de Referencia: ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.1.11//OSUNA,C.201,D.3-78 Título: Documentación relativa al pleito seguido, en la Audiencia de Ciudad Real, por Juan Ponce de León, el Bermejo, hijo de Pedro Ponce de León, y por María Ponce de León, hija de Luis Ponce de León, y sus descendientes, contra Rodrigo Ponce de León, [I] duque de Arcos, sobre los derechos que pretendían tener los dichos descendientes de Pedro Ponce de León a la casa y mayorazgo de Arcos. Fecha Creación: 1449-03-20 (Ciudad Real (Ciudad Real), Sevilla (Sevilla)) - 1528-09-18 Signatura Histórico: Leg.201,d.43, Leg.201,d.47, Leg.201,d.1, Leg.201,d.54-55, Leg.201,d.19-20, Leg.201,d.13-17
  28. ^ ES.41168.SNAHN/1.1.2.3.1//OSUNA,C.141,D.71-116 Documento 87: Escritura otorgada por Juana Ponce de León, mujer de Pedro de Porras, a favor de Rodrigo Ponce de León, III conde de Arcos, y de su sobrino Juan Ponce de León, hijo de Lope Ponce y Catalina de Perea, por la que les cede todo el derecho que pudiese tener a varios donadios y casas en el termino de Utrera (Sevilla). Original. Logrono, 1487, mayo, 20. Documentos 99 al 101: Escrituras referentes al pleito seguido entre Rodrigo Ponce de León, III conde de Arcos, y su sobrino Juan Ponce contra Beatriz Ponce de León y su marido Diego Maldonado por la posesion de ciertas casas y donadíos en Utrera. Originales. Marchena, 1486, julio, 23 - noviembre,13.: Translation Document 87 Writ authored by Juana Ponce de León, wife of Pedro de Porras, in favor of Rodrigo Ponce de León, III count of Arcos, and of his nephew, Juan Ponce de León, son of Lope Ponce de León and Catalina de Perea, she concedes all of the rights she has of various donations and houses in the town of Utera, Document 99 through 101: Writings referring to the litigation between Rodrigo Ponce de León, III count of Arcos and his nephew, Juan Ponce de León against Beatriz Ponce de León and her husband, Diego Maldonado over the possession of certain houses and donations in Utera.
  29. ^ The History of Florida, published by the Gainesville University press of Florida, ISBN 0-8130-1415-8. Chapter 2, pg 17.
  30. ^ Document number 0000SX03 within:Archivo: Archivo General de Indias Signatura: MEXICO,203,N.19 Código de Referencia:ES.41091.AGI/1.16403.13.203//MEXICO,203,N.19 Titulo Nombre atribuido: Informaciones: Juan González Ponce de León Fecha Formación:1532 - Alcance y Contenido: Informaciones de oficio y parte: Juan González Ponce de León, conquistador. Fue intérprete y espía en la conquista de San Juan de Boriquen y Nueva España. Translation:. Information of the office of Juan Gonzalez Ponce de León, conquistador. Was an interpreter and spy in the conquest of San Juan of Borinquen and New Spain.
  31. ^ Archivo:Archivo General de Indias Signatura: PASAJEROS,L.3,E.4070 Código de Referencia: ES.41091.AGI/1.16419//PASAJEROS,L.3,E.4070Titulo Nombre atribuido: DIEGO DE ORDAZ DE LEON Fecha Creación: 1559-03-07 - Alcance y Contenido: DIEGO DE ORDAZ DE LEON, vecino de México, hijo de Juan González de León y de Francisca de Ordaz, a México, con su criado Nicolás de Ontiveros, natural de Medina del Campo, hijo de Francisco de Ontiveros y de Mari Velázquez.
  32. ^ Source for the Ancestors Of Juan Ponce de León: Juan Ponce de Leon His New And Revised Genealogy, Author, John J. Browne Ayes. ISBN 978: 9557466535
  33. ^ http://digitalcollections.fiu.edu/tequesta/files/1967/67_1_04.pdf