Bridge at the Lock at Anchamps
|• Mayor (2008–2020)||Michel Philippe|
|Area1||2.26 km2 (0.87 sq mi)|
|• Density||100/km2 (270/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||08011 / 08500|
|Elevation||127–345 m (417–1,132 ft)
(avg. 140 m or 460 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Anchamps is located some 15 km south of Fumay and 12 km east of Rocroi on the left bank of the Meuse just east of the Orzy neighbourhood of Revin. Road access to the town is by a local road from Revin which follows the bank of the Meuse and a road bridge over the Meuse connects to the D1 road. The village is served by the TER train from Givet to Charleville-Mézières at a rate of 4 to 5 trains per day. The railway also follows the Meuse crossing over on the railway viaduct on the east side of the commune.
The Meuse river forms the border of the commune on the west, north, and east sides.
- Angehan (1400)
- Engehan (1459)
- Auchamp (1793)
- Amchamps (1801)
According to JP Lépine, Anchamps was once written Enjean and Enchamp.
It probably derives from anacum: an meaning "river" and acum meaning "close" - i.e. "close to the river".
In 1509 the village had only 12 fires, in 1728 - 18, and in 1846 - 59 fires or 235 inhabitants.
The origin of the village is unknown: it is as old as the village of Deville which has long depended on the Barony of Montcornet.
The inhabitants of Anchamps, like all communes from the Barony of Montcornet had to pay annual manorial dues which was two hens for each citizen; 18 deniers for the rights of the people; for the use of the river water for crushing (there used to be a crushing mill) 3 livres and 5 sols; 2 Paris sols and 6 eels for fishing the Meuse; 2 sols and 6 deniers per swathe of meadow; and 9 deniers per arpent of occupied land.
Following a charter dated 3 August and 27 July 1546, Charles de Croy gave the inhabitants of this village, and the villages of Deville, Laifour Secheval, and Mazures an extensive wood called Wèbes.
The Lordship of Anchamps was sold to César Bernier in 1578 and was reunited with the County of Lonny in 1663 with all manorial rights attached. On the sale and acquisition of the marquisate by the Duke of Meillaraie in 1674, the rights granted to the residents by Charles de Croy were retained and that purchaser even provided them forever by deed of 22 September 1679 with the responsibility to pay him 15 sols per arpent annually.
The last lord of this place was Louis-Marie-Charles, the Viscount of Salse, a knight and also Lord of Laifour.
The village church dates from 1766.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 232 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Sites and Monuments
- Site of the Pierre Roland
This site consists of two blocks of diorite. The first is specifically called Pierre Roland and is standing with the shape of an irregular pyramid. It rises to 1.4 m above ground and is probably buried 50 cm with, remarkably, 4 edges pointing to the sunrises and sunsets.
The other is lying 10 m to the northwest. Its dimensions: 1.77 x 0.67 x 0.37 m.
These stones are said to have been thrown by Satan from three rocks called the Ladies of Meuse at the famous Charlemagne's nephew, Roland, to force him to retreat. One of the three projectiles rolled into the Meuse, the other two landed at the feet of the hero.
- Anchamps on the National Geographic Institute website (French)
- Anchamps on Lion1906
- Anchamps on Google Maps
- Anchamps on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Anchant on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Anchamps on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
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