Anchoring fibrils (composed largely of type VII collagen) extend from the basal lamina of epithelial cells and attach to the lamina reticularis (also known as the reticular lamina) by wrapping around the reticular fiber (collagen III) bundles. The basal lamina and lamina reticularis together make up the basement membrane. Anchoring fibrils are essential to the functional integrity of the dermoepidermal junction.
Epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica, also known as Dystrophic EB (DEB) is a chronic skin condition caused when anchoring fibrils are abnormal, diminished, or absent. This causes a weak dermoepidermal junction, where the epidermis easily separates from the dermis causing much pain. This condition is caused by a genetic defect coding for anchoring fibrils.
McGrath, John A.; Ishida-Yamamoto, Akemi; O'Grady, Anthony; Leigh, Irene M.; Eady, Robin A. J. (1993). "Structural Variations in Anchoring Fibrils in Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa: Correlation with Type VII Collagen Expression". Journal of Investigative Dermatology100 (4): 366–72. doi:10.1111/1523-1747.ep12471830. PMID8454899.