Anchuthengu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Anjengo fort
Anchuthengu is located in India
Anchuthengu
Location in Kerala, India
Location Kerala, India
Coordinates 8°29′00″N 76°55′00″E / 8.4833°N 76.9167°E / 8.4833; 76.9167
Type Cultural
State Party  India
Anjengo Beach

Anchuthengu, formerly known as Anjengo, is a coastal town in the Thiruvananthapuram District of Kerala. The word ‘Anjuthengu’ means 'five coconut palms', reflecting their pervasiveness. Anchuthengu has a beautiful and clean beach. Fishing boats parked on the hot sand and nets drying in the sun are worth seeing. Kaikara village, the birthplace of the famous Malayalam poet Kumaran Asan, is located nearby.

Bird's eye view of Anjuthengu from light house

Anchuthengu is about 36 km north of Thiruvananthapuram. The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport. Kadakkavur Railway Station is 2 km away.

History[edit]

Originally, Anjengo was an old Portuguese settlement between Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram, near Varkala. In the 17th century, the Queen of Attingal granted the British East India Company the right to establish a factory and a fort at Anjengo, which became the Company's first trade settlement in Kerala; it then became an occasional port of call for East Indiamen.

Many ancient churches, an old Lighthouse, a 100 year old convent and school, tombs of Dutch and British and the Anjengo Fort are major points of interest here. The churches are built in accordance with the principles of the Portuguese architectural style. The fort played an important role in the Anglo-Mysore Wars in the 18th century.