Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest
|Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest|
|Region||Inyo National Forest|
Sherman Memorial Grove
|Location||White Mountains, Inyo County, California|
|- elevation||3,410 m (11,188 ft)|
|- elevation||3,000 m (9,843 ft)|
|Area||43.75 sq mi (113 km2) :a|
|Biome||Central Basin and Range ecoregion|
|Plant||Pinus longaeva - Great Basin Bristlecone Pine|
The Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest is high in the White Mountains in Inyo County in eastern California. The Great Basin Bristlecone Pine (Pinus longaeva) trees grow between 9,800 and 11,000 feet (3000–3400 m) above sea level, in xeric alpine conditions, protected within the Inyo National Forest. Foxtail Pine (Pinus balfouriana) also grow in the forest.
The Methuselah Grove in the Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest is the location of the "Methuselah", a Great Basin Bristlecone Pine more than 4,750 years old. This is 1,000 years older than any other tree in the world. "Methuselah" is not marked in the forest, to ensure added protection from vandals.
The forest is east of the Owens Valley, high on the eastern face of the White Mountains in the upper Fish Lake-Soda Spring Watershed, above the northernmost reach of the Mojave Desert into Great Basin ecotone. The forest's mountain habitat is in the Central Basin and Range ecoregion (EPA) and Taiga and Boreal forest ecoregion (WWF). The Patriarch Grove is the source of Cottonwood Creek, a designated Wild and Scenic River.
On September 4, 2008, an arsonist set fire to the Schulman Grove Visitor Center and several bristlecone pines. The building and all the exhibits within were destroyed. Activities to rebuild the center began the next day.
The Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest is generally open from mid-May through the end of November, weather permitting.
- Schulman Grove and Schulman Grove Visitor Center — daily interpretive talks and natural history lectures mid-June through Labor Day, and hiking trails.
- Patriarch Grove — home of the world's largest Bristlecone Pine, the Patriarch Tree, and a self-guided nature trail.
- "Welcome to the Inyo National Forest". U.S. Forest Service. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
- Miller, Leonard. "The Ancient Bristlecone Pine". The Bristlecone site. Archived from the original on 4 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-10. a. Discovery
- Inyo N.F.-Bristlecone Forest . accessed 8/30/2010
- NFS: Bristlecone Natural History . accessed 8/30/2010
- Bryce, S"."A; et al. Ecoregions of Nevada (posterReston, Virginia: USGS). NOTE: The poster depicts the California northern point of the Mojave Basin & Range ecoregion at pixels 453 horizontal & 1151 vertical (interpolates to 37.28N,117.71W in the Last Chance Range, north of Sulfur Rd).
- "Fire claims Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest visitor center". Los Angeles Times. September 6, 2008. Retrieved tbd.
- Woods, Tom (2009-04-10). "Arson Charges for Schulman Visitor Center Fire". Retrieved 2012-01-27.
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