Below is a list of Ancient kingdoms in Anatolia. Anatolia (most of modern Turkey) was the home of many ancient kingdoms. This list does not include the earliest kingdoms, which were merely city states, except those that profoundly affected history. It also excludes foreign invaders (such as The Achaemenid Empire, the Macedonian Empire, Roman Empire etc.).
The list of kingdoms
Map of the Hittite Empire showing the various Anatolian kingdoms that were its vassals
Before Achaemenid conquest (546 BC)
The first column shows the name of the kingdom or the state, the second column shows the name of the capital, the third column shows the life span of the state. However, there are uncertainties both in the second and in the third columns. In particular, the first dates (of emergence) are approximate.
After Partition of Babylon (323 BC)
In the table it can be seen that there are no new local kingdoms between 9th and 3rd century BC. This era roughly corresponds to foreign rule (Achaemenid Empire and Macedonian Empire.)
References and notes
- ^ Seton Lloyd:Ancient Turkey (Trans. Ender Varinlioğlu) Tubitak populer Bilim Kitapları,Ankara, 1989, ISBN 975-403-084-7
- ^ Both Troy and Miletus were actually city states. So the names of the capital and the state were identical
- ^ Leading state of Ionian League
a. Andreas Schachner 2011, Hattuscha: the oldest settlement is of 6000 BC; between 3200-2500 there is no habitation. Hattum is the Akkadian name for Hattus(sa), the Hattian name is probably Ha-at-ti, so the same as the name of the land.(Oǧuz Soysal 2004,Hattischer Wortschatz in hethithiser Text Überlieferung). The Hattians lived in several kingdoms (city-states)in the Kizirl bassin of the Bronze Age.