The Tea-Horse-Route, c. 700 AD – 1960
, where the river is crossed by the Tea-Horse-Route
Tea Horse Road or chamadao ( simplified Chinese: 茶马道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬道), now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chama gudao ( simplified Chinese: 茶马古道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬古道) was a network of mule caravan paths winding through the mountains of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou in Southwest China. It is also sometimes referred to as the [1 ] Southern Silk Road.
History [ edit ]
From around a thousand years ago, the Ancient Tea Route was a trade link from Yunnan, one of the first
tea-producing regions: to Bengal and India via Burma; to Tibet; and to central China via Sichuan Province. [2 ] [3 ] [4 ] [5 ] In addition to tea, the mule caravans carried [6 ] salt. Both people and horses carried heavy loads, the tea porters sometimes carrying over 60–90 kg, which was often more than their own body weight in tea. [7 ] [8 ] [9 ]
It is believed that it was through this trading network that tea (typically
tea bricks) first spread across China and Asia from its origins in Pu'er county, near Simao Prefecture in Yunnan. [10 ] [11 ]
The route earned the name Tea-Horse Road because of the common trade of
Tibetan ponies for Chinese tea, a practice dating back at least to the Song dynasty, when the sturdy horses were important for China to fight warring nomads in the north. [12 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David: Traders of the Golden Triangle (A study of the traditional Yunnanese mule caravan trade). Chiang Mai. Cognoscenti Books, 2011.
^ "Horse Corridor in Heaven". Shambhalatimes.org. 2010-01-18 . Retrieved 2011-11-18.
^ "Tea-Horse Route". Chinatrekking.com . Retrieved 2011-11-18.
^ "The road line of the ancient tea-and-horse trade road". Yellowsheepriver.com . Retrieved 2011-11-18.
^ "Richness, Diversity and Natural Beauty on the Tea Horse Road". English.cri.cn . Retrieved 2011-11-18.
^ "Strange Brew:The Story of Puer Tea 普洱茶" . Retrieved 2011-11-28.
^ "Between Winds and Clouds: Chapter 2". Gutenberg-e.org. 2007-12-04 . Retrieved 2014-08-22.
^ "Holiday". Weeklyholiday.net . Retrieved 2014-08-22.
^ Jeff Fuchs. The Ancient Tea Horse Road: Travels with the Last of the Himalayan Muleteers, Viking Canada, 2008. ISBN 978-0-670-06611-7
^ Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, 'Pu'er Tea Traditions' in: China's Ancient Tea Horse Road. Chiang Mai, Cognoscenti Books, 2011.
^ Jenkins, Mark. "The Tea Horse Road." National Geographic, May 2010. http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2010/05/tea-horse-road/jenkins-text
Further reading [ edit ]
Forbes, Andrew ; Henley, David (2011).
China's Ancient Tea Horse Road. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. ASIN B005DQV7Q2 Forbes, Andrew ; Henley, David (2011).
Traders of the Golden Triangle. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. ASIN B006GMID5
Freeman, Michael ; Ahmed, Selena (2011). Tea Horse Road: China’s Ancient Trade Road to Tibet. Bangkok: River Books Co, Ltd. ISBN 978-974-9863-93-0.
External links [ edit ]
Silk Road Foundation - An authoritative article about the ancient tea route by Yang Fuquan, director of the Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences.
Documentary: Insight on Asia - Asian Corridor in Heaven - Made by KBS. TV Program.
Tea Horse Road - National Geographic Magazine
"The Tea Horse Road", Jeff Fuchs, The Silk Road, Vol.6, No.1 (Winter 2008).
Interview: Jeff Fuchs, Gokunming, August 11, 2010.
Bob Rogers and Claire Rogers, "Traveling Today's Tea Horse Road", Desert Leaf magazine, February 2011.