The Anconine Republic (Italian: Repubblica Anconitana) was a revolutionarymunicipality formed on 19 November 1797. It came about after a French victory at Ancona in February 1797, and the consequent occupation of the city. It existed in the region of Marche, with capital Ancona. Despite the Treaty of Campo Formio had stated that Ancona and its surrounder region had to be return to the Papal States, the municipality proclaimed the decadence of the papal rule, under French protection. The tension led to a general conflict with the Pope and the French occupation of all his State. Ancona was so incorporated into the Roman Republic on 7 March 1798. It had a consul as its head.
Ancona is now a province of Italy, in the central part of the country on the Adriatic Sea.