Ancram, New York

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Ancram, New York
Town
The historic Simons General Store (built 1873–4) in the center of Ancram.
The historic Simons General Store (built 1873–4) in the center of Ancram.
Location of Ancram, New York
Location of Ancram, New York
Coordinates: 42°2′N 73°36′W / 42.033°N 73.600°W / 42.033; -73.600
Country United States
State New York
County Columbia
Town of Gallatin 1803
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Art Bassin (D)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total 42.8 sq mi (110.8 km2)
 • Land 42.6 sq mi (110.3 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 505 ft (154 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,573
 • Density 37/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12502
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-02099
GNIS feature ID 0978679
Landscape in Ancramdale hamlet.

Ancram, New York is a town in Columbia County, New York, United States. The population was 1,573 at the 2010 census. The town was named after a location in Scotland.

The Town of Ancram is in the eastern part of the county.

History[edit]

Prior to European colonization, this area had been occupied for thousands of years by varying indigenous cultures. Historic Native American nations included the Mahican and Wappinger.

Recorded as part of the Land Grant to the Livingston family, this area on the Roeliff-Jansen Kill was originally called "Livingston Forge" after the iron foundry developed on the river. Throughout the eighteenth century, the Livingston forge created metal products for the community. The town was sometimes known as "Scotchtown" due to the immigrants of Scottish ancestry who flocked there in the late 18th century. As the Revolution drew near, the factory produced shot, cannonballs, and perhaps most importantly, the huge chain which was installed across the Hudson River at West Point as a defense against British ships going upriver.

After the Revolution, the town was established from part of the Town of Livingston in 1803, and was then called the "Town of Gallatin." In 1814, the name was changed to "Ancram," after the town in Scotland where the Livingstons had their origins. Part of Ancram was taken to form a new Town of Gallatin in 1830.

Mining of iron and lead was important in the early economy; the town of Ancramdale was originally known as "Ancram Lead Mines".

The hamlet of Boston Corners was formerly part of the town of Mount Washington, Massachusetts. Because it was more accessible from Ancram, it was annexed by the New York town on April 13, 1857 by an agreement between the states.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.8 square miles (111 km2), of which 42.6 square miles (110 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.44%) is water.

The east town line is the border of Massachusetts and Dutchess County, New York. The south town line also borders Dutchess County.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,513 people, 595 households, and 430 families residing in the town. The population density was 35.5 people per square mile (13.7/km²). There were 823 housing units at an average density of 19.3 per square mile (7.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.69% White, 1.06% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.13% Asian, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population.

There were 595 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 104.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $45,726, and the median income for a family was $47,708. Males had a median income of $31,196 versus $25,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,541. About 5.1% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and other locations[edit]

  • Ancram — The hamlet of Ancram is in the northwest part of the town on Routes 7 and 82.
  • Ancramdale — A hamlet southeast of Ancram village.
  • Boston Corner — A hamlet of Ancram which was formerly in Massachusetts. The community is adjacent to the Massachusetts border.
  • Taconic State Park — Part of the park is in the northeast part of the town.
  • Weed Mines — A location by the north town line.
  • Whitehouse Crossing — A location at the east town line.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°3′N 73°36′W / 42.050°N 73.600°W / 42.050; -73.600