Andō Teibi

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Sadayoshi "Teibi" Andō
Sadayoshi Ando 01.jpg
Native name 安東貞美
Born (1853-10-20)October 20, 1853
Iida, Nagano, Japan
Died August 29, 1932(1932-08-29) (aged 78)
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Service/branch War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Imperial Japanese Army
Years of service 1872-1923
Rank General
Commands held IJA 2nd Division, Imperial Japanese Army Academy
Army War College (Japan), IJA 10th Division, IJA 12th Division, Chosen Army
Battles/wars Satsuma Rebellion
Russo-Japanese War
Awards Order of the Golden Kite (1st Degree)
Order of the Rising Sun (1st degree)
Other work Governor-General of Taiwan

Baron Sadayoshi Andō (安東貞美 Andō Sadayoshi?, 20 October 1853 – 29 August 1932), also known as Teibi Andō, was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and 6th Governor-General of Taiwan from 30 April 1915 to June 1918.

Biography[edit]

Incorporates translations from the corresponding Japanese Wikipedia article


Andō was a native of Iida city in Shinano Province (present-day Nagano Prefecture). He was born to a samurai family; his father was a retainer of the Matsumoto Domain.

Andō entered the Osaka Rikugun Hei-gakko (the forerunner of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy) in 1871 and was commissioned as a lieutenant in the infantry in June 1872. Promoted lieutenant in November 1874, he was wounded while participating with the pro-Imperial forces in the Satsuma Rebellion[1] after which he was promoted to captain in May 1877. After returning to the Army Staff College, he was promoted to major in February 1883, remaining within the IJA 2nd Division.

Andō's rise through the ranks was thereafter steady, with promotions to lieutenant-colonel in April 1891 and to colonel on December 1, 1894. He served as Commandant at both the Imperial Japanese Army Academy and at the Army Staff College. He was promoted to major general when the 2nd Division was assigned to Taiwan on October 1, 1898.

Andō was later active in the Russo-Japanese War. He was promoted to lieutenant-general and given command of the IJA 10th Division from 15 January 1905. He was thus at the crucial Battle of Mukden.[1]

On 12 September 1908, Andō was elevated to the title of danshaku (baron) in the kazoku peerage system. In 1911, he was transferred to command the IJA 12th Division, and in 1913 became commander of the Chōsen Army in Korea.

On 30 April 1915, he replaced Gen. Samata Sakuma as Governor-General of Taiwan, and held that position to June 1918.[2] The Tapani Incident, a large scale uprising against Japanese rule, occurred during his tenure. Work also began on the development of Taiwan's forest resources on Taiping and Pa-hsien Mountains, as well as construction on the Yilan and Pingtung railway lines.[3] He entered the reserves in August 1918 and retired from the army in April 1923.

Andō was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun (1st class with Paulownia Blossoms, Grand Cordon) posthumously.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Ching, Leo T.S. (2001). Becoming Japanese: Colonial Taiwan and the Politics of Identity Formation. ISBN 0-520-22553-8: University of California Press. 
  • Shih Shan, Henry Tsai (2005). Lee Teng-hui and Taiwan's Quest for Identity. ISBN 1-4039-7056-4: Palgrave Macmillan. 
  • Kowner, Rotem (2006). Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War. ISBN 0-8108-4927-5: The Scarecrow Press. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kowner, Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War, p. 35.
  2. ^ Wendel, Axis History Factbook
  3. ^ Ching, Becoming Japanese