|Sadayoshi "Teibi" Andō|
October 20, 1853|
Iida, Nagano, Japan
|Died||August 29, 1932(aged 78)|
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Years of service||1872-1923|
|Commands held||IJA 2nd Division, Imperial Japanese Army Academy
Army War College (Japan), IJA 10th Division, IJA 12th Division, Chosen Army
|Awards||Order of the Golden Kite (1st Degree)
Order of the Rising Sun (1st degree)
|Other work||Governor-General of Taiwan|
Baron Sadayoshi Andō (安東貞美 Andō Sadayoshi?, 20 October 1853 – 29 August 1932), also known as Teibi Andō, was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and 6th Governor-General of Taiwan from 30 April 1915 to June 1918.
Incorporates translations from the corresponding Japanese Wikipedia article
Andō entered the Osaka Rikugun Hei-gakko (the forerunner of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy) in 1871 and was commissioned as a lieutenant in the infantry in June 1872. Promoted lieutenant in November 1874, he was wounded while participating with the pro-Imperial forces in the Satsuma Rebellion after which he was promoted to captain in May 1877. After returning to the Army Staff College, he was promoted to major in February 1883, remaining within the IJA 2nd Division.
Andō's rise through the ranks was thereafter steady, with promotions to lieutenant-colonel in April 1891 and to colonel on December 1, 1894. He served as Commandant at both the Imperial Japanese Army Academy and at the Army Staff College. He was promoted to major general when the 2nd Division was assigned to Taiwan on October 1, 1898.
On 12 September 1908, Andō was elevated to the title of danshaku (baron) in the kazoku peerage system. In 1911, he was transferred to command the IJA 12th Division, and in 1913 became commander of the Chōsen Army in Korea.
On 30 April 1915, he replaced Gen. Samata Sakuma as Governor-General of Taiwan, and held that position to June 1918. The Tapani Incident, a large scale uprising against Japanese rule, occurred during his tenure. Work also began on the development of Taiwan's forest resources on Taiping and Pa-hsien Mountains, as well as construction on the Yilan and Pingtung railway lines. He entered the reserves in August 1918 and retired from the army in April 1923.
Andō was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun (1st class with Paulownia Blossoms, Grand Cordon) posthumously.
- Ching, Leo T.S. (2001). Becoming Japanese: Colonial Taiwan and the Politics of Identity Formation. ISBN 0-520-22553-8: University of California Press.
- Shih Shan, Henry Tsai (2005). Lee Teng-hui and Taiwan's Quest for Identity. ISBN 1-4039-7056-4: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Kowner, Rotem (2006). Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War. ISBN 0-8108-4927-5: The Scarecrow Press.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sadayoshi Andō.|
- Wendel, Marcus. "Axis History Factbook". Governor-Generals of Taiwan.
- Kowner, Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War, p. 35.
- Wendel, Axis History Factbook
- Ching, Becoming Japanese