Anda, Bohol

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Anda
Municipality
Andabeach.jpg
Official seal of Anda
Seal
Map of Bohol with Anda highlighted
Map of Bohol with Anda highlighted
Anda is located in Philippines
Anda
Anda
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 09°45′N 124°34′E / 9.750°N 124.567°E / 9.750; 124.567Coordinates: 09°45′N 124°34′E / 9.750°N 124.567°E / 9.750; 124.567
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
District 3rd District of Bohol
Founded December 30, 1872
Barangays 16
Government
 • Mayor Metodio "Dodong" Amper (LP)
Area[1]
 • Total 61.10 km2 (23.59 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 16,909
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6311
Dialing code 38
Income class 5th class
Website www.andabohol.gov.ph

Anda is a fifth class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 16,909 people.[2]

Barangays[edit]

Anda is politically subdivided into 16 barangays.

  • Almaria
  • Bacong
  • Badiang
  • Buenasuerte
  • Candabong
  • Casica
  • Katipunan
  • Linawan
  • Lundag
  • Poblacion
  • Santa Cruz
  • Suba
  • Talisay
  • Tanod
  • Tawid
  • Virgen

History[edit]

The Municipality of Anda was formerly known as Quinale and was a barrio of the municipality of Guindulman from the early part of its civilization up to the later decade of the 19th century. At the onset, Quinale was basically uninhabited with plenty of uncultivated lands and its shores were swampy with lots of mangroves and hardwood trees.

Through the years the population of Quinale grew and the people mutually agreed for independence from Guindulman. On July 8, 1856 they petitioned for independence and the petition was endorsed by the Assessor General of the Government to the Governor General of the Philippines on September 3, 1856. Yet their petition was denied for the reason that they could not meet the required number of 500 tributes or taxpayers.

Undaunted, they again petitioned to become an independent town on December 30, 1872. The petition was addressed to the Provincial Governor of Bohol and endorsed by him to the “Consejo de Administracion de Filipinas (Council for Administration of the Philippines), the Father Provincial of the Recollects and the Archbishop of Manila.

The town has progressed at that time. Public buildings and their church were improved and roads created leading to Guindulman. But in spite of these developments, their petition was again denied on the grounds that their total taxpayers reached only 400.

Still persistent, Quinale again filed their petition on March 27, 1874 and subsequently denied due to the same reason of lack of taxpayers. A few months later, on September 23, 1874, the people again made another petition but now using a different approach and reasoning.

Yes they were denied for the same reasons yet they pointed out that births in the town of Quinale far exceeded the number of deaths but the people migrate to other places because of lack of supervision and opportunities. To answer this need, the officials want their barrio to be made into a town to have proper supervision and leadership. With these, the people will not leave and the number of taxpayers would surely reach 500.

Provincial Politico-Military Governor Don Joaquin Bengoechea, was amenable to their line of reasoning and suggested that the people make a petition for separation of Quenale in the civil aspect only since the requirement of 500 taxpayers was for becoming a separate parish. So the September 23, 1874 petitioned for becoming a town in the civil aspect only.

More than six months passed before the Consejo de Administration finally recommended that Quinale be separated in its civil aspect only. Delay was due to the religious authorities’ reluctance to approve it.

Finally on March 12, 1875, the Governor General Don Jose de Malcampoy y Monje issued the decree creating the new town of Anda and it being separated from the town of Guindulman in the civil aspect only in consonance with the desire of the religious authorities. Confirmed by the Archbishop of Manila, the order of the separation was published on April 1, 1875.

With the approval, the local officials of the new town of Anda and the mother town of Guindulman gathered to discuss and determine the boundaries of the two towns on May 3, 1875. With the decree, the people were still given the opportunity to till their lands wherever they may be located, in Anda or Guindulman.

As the new town now being established with its defined boundaries, a practical concern of the local officials came to the fore. That was, they have no knowledge of running the local government. Hence they requested an educated person from the mother town of Guindulman to assist the local officials run the local government. That person was Pablo Juliano Castro (also known later as Capitan Amboy), an illegitimate son of a Spanish priest in Guindulman who had a privileged education in Manila. He was given a prime lot in the center of the town, near the proposed Municipal Hall and the proposed school building. Pablo Castro not only acted as advisor of the local administration but also acted as the first Justice of Peace and Anda's first school teacher. He served sometime later also as the town's "Capitan Municipal" or town's chief executive at the turn of the century.

Subsequent years saw Anda’s growth in terms of population. People did not migrate anymore and eventually the number of taxpayers increased until they qualified to be a separate town in the religious aspect. On July 18, 1885, Anda became an independent parish from Guindulman and become a Diocesan Parish on March 19, 1885 and dedicated to the Santo Niño or the Holy Child. Royal approval was given on January 6, 1885 and finally implemented on July 18, 1885 with Fr. Julian Cisnero as the 1st Parish Priest.

The line of Spanish priests serving the parish of Anda was not broken from 1885 up to 1937, even after the end of the Spanish Regime and thru the American era. At the end of the Spanish regime, many Spanish priests fled but not Fr. Hilario Lopez. Even after the American era, priests from the Order of the Augustinian Recollect continued to serve the people until 1937. The last Spanish priest was Fr. Luis Llorente.

Origin of the name[edit]

The decree on the separation of Quinale from Guindulman did not explain why the name “Anda” was chosen. It was presumed that the name refers to Governor General Simón de Anda y Salazar who was Governor General of the Philippines from 1769-1770. Simon de Anda was a member of the Royal Audiencia in the Philippines who did not surrender to the British in 1762. But considering a century gap between Simon de Anda and the time of the town's creation and also taking into account the poor literacy of the populace at that point in time, the naming of the town after him may not be the case. A more acceptable reason from oral history, is that "Anda" is a reference to the land that moves forward, as in Spanish "el lugar anda" - the land walks or moves. This was a rough attempt to translate "Quinale" into Spanish. The word "quinale" or "gui kale", is a colloquial local term for a pile of sand dunes caused by the waves enhancing a new land mass. Hence, Anda, which means "it walks."

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Anda
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 13,497 —    
1995 16,108 +3.60%
2000 17,863 +2.09%
2007 16,616 −1.03%
2010 16,909 +0.58%
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

Local government[edit]

During the Spanish period the town chief executive was called “Capitan Municipal”, then sometime at the later period of the American regime, the title was changed to “Presidente Municipal. “ It was only during wartime time that the town chief executive was called a “Municipal Mayor.”

In the earliest time, the town chief executive was chosen by drawing of lots among prominent persons of the town, those considered to have ample land properties and adequate education. The sequence or order of tenure of the early town executives could not easily be determined. It was only during the American regime that regular elections were held after every three years, and then later increased to four years. A short period from 1986 to 1988, right after the EDSA Revolution, there were no elections for mayor but only Officer In Charge to act as Mayor ad interim.

Capitan Municipal (from 1885 to 1919):

  • Silverio Escobido
  • Gabriel Escobido
  • Perfecto Paguia
  • Benedicto Amper
  • Pablo Castro Sr.
  • Esteban Escobido
  • Esteban Escobal
  • Lucio Felisarta Sr.
  • Ramon Escobia Sr.
  • Victor Paguia
  • Hipolito Paguia
  • Cipriano Bernido Sr.
  • Eulogio Dagondon
  • Valentin Timaan
  • Bernabe Amper Sr.

Presidente Municipal (from 1919 to 1934):

  • Victor Felicita – 1919-1921, 1926–1931
  • Diosdado Paguia – 1922 -1925, 1934–1937
  • Alfonso Castillo- 1931-1934.

Municipal Mayors (from 1938 up to the present):

  • Alfonso Castillo – 1938- 1940, 1956–1959
  • Vicente de los Angeles – 1941-1945
  • Aquilino Deligero Sr. – 1945-1955
  • Simeon Escobia – 1960-1963
  • Teodulfo Amora – 1964-1971, 1980–1986
  • Concordia Makinano – 1972-1980
  • Gaudioso Amora – March 1986- Nov. 1987 (Mayor ad interim)
  • Edilberto Llido – Dec. 1 to 14, 1987 (Mayor ad interim)
  • Aquilino Deligero – Dec. 15, 1987-Feb. 6, 1988 (Mayor ad interim)
  • Paulino Amper – Feb. 7, 1988–May 1996, May 2000 – 2010
  • Angelina Simacio – May 1996-May 2000
  • Metodio "Dodong" L. Amper - May 2013 – Present

References[edit]

External links[edit]