Andalusia, Alabama

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Andalusia, Alabama
City
Motto: "A proud heritage. A progressive future."
Location of Andalusia in Covington County, Alabama
Location of Andalusia in Covington County, Alabama
Coordinates: 31°18′N 86°29′W / 31.300°N 86.483°W / 31.300; -86.483
Country United States
State Alabama
County Covington
Settled 1841
Incorporated 1884
Government
 • Type Mayor/City Council
 • Mayor Earl Johnson
Area
 • Total 19.8 sq mi (51.3 km2)
 • Land 19.7 sq mi (50.9 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 348 ft (106 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,015
 • Density 459/sq mi (177.1/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36420
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-01708
GNIS feature ID 0133361
Website www.cityofandalusia.com

Andalusia is a city in and the county seat of Covington County, Alabama, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 9,015.[1]

History[edit]

Jess Dixon of Andalusia in his flying automobile, 1941

Andalusia was first settled in 1841 after flooding of the Conecuh River and the surrounding lowlands forced citizens to move to higher ground. The county seat was moved from Montezuma to Andalusia in 1844. The new town was originally called "New Site" but was known as Andalusia by the time a post office was established in 1846.[2] Andalusia was incorporated as a town in 1884.[3]

Jess Dixon, an inventor from Andalusia, received widespread attention in 1941 after building a helicopter-car (see photo).[4]

In 1944, country singers Hank Williams and Audrey Sheppard were married in a Texaco station in Andalusia by a justice of the peace. The marriage was declared illegal, since Sheppard's divorce from her previous husband did not comply with the legally required sixty-day trial reconciliation.[5]

Sgt. Charles "Bubba" Bailey of the Andalusia Police Department was featured on the Australian TV show Hamish & Andy in 2009. The comedy duo drove across the United States in the "Abravan Lincoln" during their "Caravan of Courage" tour, performing a skit with Sgt. Bailey in Andalusia.[6]

The Avant House is one of seven sites in Andalusia listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Andalusia is the location of the annual World Championship Domino Tournament.[7]

Geography[edit]

Andalusia is located slightly northwest of the center of Covington County at 31°18′N 86°29′W / 31.300°N 86.483°W / 31.300; -86.483 (31.309, -86.479).[8] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.8 square miles (51.3 km2), of which 19.7 square miles (50.9 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.79%, is water.[1]

Andalusia is served by the South Alabama Regional Airport, formerly known as the Andalusia-Opp Airport, located approximately 5 miles (8 km) east of the central business district.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Andalusia has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

Climate data for Andalusia, Alabama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16
(60)
18
(64)
22
(71)
26
(79)
30
(86)
33
(91)
33
(92)
33
(91)
31
(88)
26
(79)
21
(70)
17
(62)
25.5
(77.8)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
3
(38)
7
(44)
10
(50)
15
(59)
19
(66)
21
(69)
20
(68)
18
(64)
11
(52)
6
(43)
3
(37)
11.3
(52.2)
Precipitation cm (inches) 13
(5)
13
(5)
16.3
(6.4)
12.4
(4.9)
11.4
(4.5)
13
(5.1)
16
(6.3)
13.7
(5.4)
12.2
(4.8)
7.1
(2.8)
10.7
(4.2)
13
(5)
151.8
(59.4)
Source: Weatherbase [10]

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census data[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 8,794 people, 3,707 households, and 2,376 families residing in the city.[12] The population density was 465.9 inhabitants per square mile (179.9 /km2). There were 4,279 housing units at an average density of 226.7 per square mile (87.5 /km2).[13] The racial makeup of the city was 73.93% White, 24.47% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12]

There were 3,707 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.91.[12]

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 84.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.5 males.[12]

The median income for a household in the city was $26,856, and the median income for a family was $37,091. Males had a median income of $29,406 versus $20,410 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,292. About 15.7% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.6% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 596
1890 270 −54.7%
1900 551 104.1%
1910 2,480 350.1%
1920 4,023 62.2%
1930 5,154 28.1%
1940 6,886 33.6%
1950 9,162 33.1%
1960 10,263 12.0%
1970 10,092 −1.7%
1980 10,415 3.2%
1990 9,269 −11.0%
2000 8,794 −5.1%
2010 9,015 2.5%

Media[edit]

  • Newspaper
    • Andalusia Star-News (daily)

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary public education is provided by Andalusia City Schools, which consists of Andalusia Elementary School, Andalusia Middle School, and Andalusia High School. Students can continue their studies at Lurleen B. Wallace Community College.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Andalusia city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ Hoskins Morton, Patricia (December 10, 2009). "Covington County". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  3. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory; Marie Bankhead Owen (1921). History of Alabama and dictionary of Alabama biography, Volume 1. The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 716. 
  4. ^ "This Helicopter-Car Flies Over Traffic!". Mechanix Illustrated. Nov 1941. 
  5. ^ Lipsitz, George (1994). Rainbow at Midnight: Labor and Culture in the 1940's. University of Illinois. 
  6. ^ Nelson, Stephanie (Nov 13, 2009). "Bubba Becomes (More) Famous". Andalusia Star-News. 
  7. ^ "World Championship Domino Tournament". Andalusia Rotary Club. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Andalusia, Alabama
  10. ^ "Weatherbase.com". 2013.  Retrieved on November 3, 2013.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Fact Sheet- Andalusia city, Alabama". American Fast Facts. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  13. ^ "Geographic Comparison Table- Alabama". American Fast Facts. United States Census Bureau. 
  14. ^ "Amanda Margaret "Mandy" Jensen (1956–2009)". The News Harald. 
  15. ^ Stanton, Mary (1998). From Selma to Sorrow: The Life and Death of Viola Liuzzo. University of Georgia Press. 
  16. ^ "Alexa Jones: Miss Alabama". Country Music Television. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°18′32″N 86°28′44″W / 31.309°N 86.479°W / 31.309; -86.479