Andalusia (estate)

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Andalusia, State Road vicinity (Bensalem Township), Andalusia (Bucks County, Pennsylvania).jpg
Andalusia in 1976
Andalusia (estate) is located in Pennsylvania
Andalusia (estate)
Location 1237 State Road, Andalusia, Pennsylvania
Nearest city Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 40°3′43″N 74°57′30″W / 40.06194°N 74.95833°W / 40.06194; -74.95833Coordinates: 40°3′43″N 74°57′30″W / 40.06194°N 74.95833°W / 40.06194; -74.95833
Area 225 acres (91 ha)
Built 1794
Architect Benjamin Latrobe, Thomas U. Walter
Architectural style Other, Colonial Revival, Greek Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 66000649[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 13, 1966
Designated NHL November 13, 1966[2]
Designated PHMC November 01, 2001[3]

Andalusia, also known as the Nicholas Biddle Estate, is a historic mansion and surrounding estate located on the Delaware River just north of Philadelphia in the village named Andalusia for it in Bensalem Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania.

The mansion was built in 1794 by John Craig, who gave it the name Andalusia, after the Andalusia region of Spain. The home was expanded in 1806 in a Greek Revival style by architect Benjamin Latrobe. In 1811, Craig's daughter Jane married prominent financier Nicholas Biddle (1786–1844), and the property has remained in the Biddle family ever since. Notable members include brother Commodore James Biddle (1783–1848), son Congressman Charles John Biddle (1819–1873), and great-grandson aviator Charles John Biddle (1890–1972).

The mansion was further expanded in the same Greek Revival style in 1834–36 by architect Thomas U. Walter, who is known mostly for his design for the dome of the United States Capitol. According to the National Park Service, "Andalusia is one of the earliest and most pristine examples of the Greek Revival style in the country."[2]

The house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1966.[2][4] Today it is operated as a house museum.


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b c "Andalusia". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-09. 
  3. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 19, 2013. 
  4. ^ S. S. Bradford (October 31, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Andalusia" (PDF). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 4 photos, exterior, from 1966 and undated. PDF (1.04 MB)

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