Andalusia in 1976
|Location||1237 State Road, Andalusia, Pennsylvania|
|Nearest city||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Area||225 acres (91.1 ha)|
|Architect||Benjamin Latrobe, Thomas U. Walter|
|Architectural style||Other, Colonial Revival, Greek Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||66000649|
|Added to NRHP||November 13, 1966|
|Designated NHL||November 13, 1966|
Andalusia, also known as the Nicholas Biddle Estate, is a historic mansion and surrounding estate located on the Delaware River just north of Philadelphia in the village named Andalusia for it in Bensalem Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
The mansion was built in 1794 by John Craig, who gave it the name Andalusia, after the Andalusia region of Spain. The home was expanded in 1806 in a Greek Revival style by architect Benjamin Latrobe. In 1811, Craig's daughter Jane married prominent financier Nicholas Biddle (1786–1844), and the property has remained in the Biddle family ever since. Notable members include brother Commodore James Biddle (1783–1848), son Congressman Charles John Biddle (1819–1873), and great-grandson aviator Charles John Biddle (1890–1972).
The mansion was further expanded in the same Greek Revival style in 1834–36 by architect Thomas U. Walter, who is known mostly for his design for the dome of the United States Capitol. According to the National Park Service, "Andalusia is one of the earliest and most pristine examples of the Greek Revival style in the country."
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Andalusia". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
- S. S. Bradford (October 31, 1973). PDF (868 KB). National Park Service and PDF (1.04 MB)
- Official site: Andalusia Home Page
- Material on the Andalusia mansion and its several outbuildings, at the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS):
- 38 b&w photos, 8 color images, 15 maps and measured drawings, and 8 data pages on the mansion.
- 4 photos, 2 measured drawings and 4 data pages on the cottage.
- 2 photos, 1 drawing, 3 data pages on the Billiard Room (house).
- 2 photos, 2 drawings, and 3 data pages on the Grotto.
- 1 drawing and 3 data pages on the Graperies.
- Listing at Philadelphia Architects and Buildings