|Andalusian Hound (little).|
|Other names||Podenco Andaluz
|Country of origin||Spain|
|Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)|
The Andalusian hound (Spanish: podenco andaluz) is a dog breed originating in Spain, especially Andalusia. Dogs are similar to other Iberian breeds such as the Ibizan Hound, the Portuguese Podengo, the Podenco Canario and the Maneto. In the Iberian Peninsula there are cave paintings that represent dogs that have a strong resemblance to these races. In fact, it seems that dogs have been bred very similar to those in much of the Mediterranean basin since ancient times, including Cirneco dell'Etna and Pharaoh Hound. But there is also the tradition that the podencos were introduced into Spain by the Phoenicians through their colonies.
Several genetic studies in recent years have come to conclude that contrary to widespread belief that the hound is a type of primitive dog imported some 3,000 years of Middle East area, these dogs actually have a close genetic relationship with other European hunting dogs and are no more "primitive" than most of them.
Standardization and recognition
Despite being a native ancient breed, it was not until 1990 when it entered the world of official cynology, with the formation of the breed club, which promoted the studies and work necessary for racial profiling, which were made by Phillipe Bloque-Rentón and colleagues at the Ethnology Unit and Animal Identification Animal Production Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Córdoba, being published during the Second Symposium of Spanish breeds in 1992 and that would be recognized by RSCE as racial standard in April of that year. Was included within the Group V Spitz and primitive type, Section 7 Primitive type - Hunting dogs. The race is not recognized by the FCI or any other association of international cynological given the large number of matches with the standard of the Portuguese Podengo, causing doubt that they should not really be treated as different races.
As in the Portuguese Podengo, the Andalusian Hound comes in three sizes and with three types of coat, the combination of which factors can lead up to nine different varieties. Given the size varieties are:
- Large Andalusian Hound
- Medium Andalusian Hound
- Small Andalusian Hound
If we consider the different types of hair, it has the following varieties:
- Wirehaired Andalusian Hound
- Longhaired Andalusian Hound.
- Smooth Andalusian Hound
There is a dwarf variety derived from Andalusian Hound medium short hair that called Maneto because of their short, stout legs, a phenomenon known in the field of cynology as basset, referring to the Bassets. At present, the handle is accepted as a breed by the RSCE temporarily.
The Andalusian Podencos like the other hounds have a highly developed sense of sight, hearing and smell which makes them good hunters especially when it comes to rabbit. In the central and southern Spain the hounds are at the heart of the rehalas - group of dogs, which number between 20 and 24 - which are usually composed of large hounds for attack; and some medium-sized specimens search dogs. For small game hunting the medium and small varieties are used, either individually or in pairs or for packs of dogs for hunting ("arcades").
One of the most typical of large-sized hound, is the quitaor  accompanying the collars of sighthound for hunting the hare. Its task is, first, and freeing up the hare from its bed or hiding place and making it available to the dogs; then finishing the set, to take part in the greyhound to take her owner. Large Andalusian farmhouse dogs were used as watchdogs and as scavengers hunters for small size of rodents.
- See studies on the dog genome.
- Form Andalusian dialect often used instead of a Spanish law quitador
- Véase la 2ª acepción de collera2 en el Diccionario de la Real Academia Española. See collera2 2nd meaning of the Dictionary of the Spanish Royal Academy. Note that the partner or greyhound collar, does not have to be composed of one male and one female, although the meaning of collar is usually the reproducctora partner.