Andeer

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Andeer
Andeer -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Andeer
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
46°36′N 9°25′E / 46.600°N 9.417°E / 46.600; 9.417Coordinates: 46°36′N 9°25′E / 46.600°N 9.417°E / 46.600; 9.417
Population 902 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 19 /km2 (50 /sq mi)
Area 46.3 km2 (17.9 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 982 m (3,222 ft)
Postal code 7440
SFOS number 3701
Surrounded by Ferrera, Casti-Wergenstein, Clugin, Pignia, Salouf, Sufers
Website www.andeer.ch
SFSO statistics
Andeer is located in Switzerland
Andeer
Andeer

Andeer is a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. In 2009 Clugin and Pignia merged into Andeer.[3]

History[edit]

Roman coins discovered near Andeer indicate that there was a Roman presence in the area during the time of the Roman province of Raetia (from 15 BC). The name of the settlement was presumably Lapidaria, and it would have already been an important stop on the road from Italy.

Andeer is first mentioned in 1208 as Anders.[4]

Around 1820, roads were built over the Splügen Pass und the San Bernardino Pass. When the railroad tunnels through the Alps were completed near the end of the 19th century, they greatly reduced traffic through the region. Since the opening of the San Bernardino road tunnel (A 13) in 1967, Andeer has once again been on a major thoroughfare.

Geography[edit]

Andeer from a 1932 photograph

Andeer has an area, as of 2006, of 30.5 km2 (11.8 sq mi). Of this area, 28.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 48.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (19.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[5]

The municipality is located in the Schams sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district. It consists of the linear village of Andeer and the ruins of Bärenburg castle. Andeer lies in the Schams valley (in Romansch: Val Schons) on the Hinterrhein.

Demographics[edit]

Andeer has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 902.[1] As of 2007, 10.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 3.9%.[5]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Andeer is; 87 people or 13.0% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 42 people or 6.3% are 10 to 14, and 28 people or 4.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 62 people or 9.3% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 103 people or 15.4% are 30 to 39, 85 people or 12.7% are 40 to 49, and 74 people or 11.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 78 people or 11.7% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 74 people or 11.1% are 70 to 79, there are 33 people or 4.9% who are 80 to 89, and there are 3 people or 0.4% who are 90 to 99.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 44% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (26.7%), the FDP (22.1%) and the CVP (6.9%).[5]

In Andeer about 73.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[5]

Andeer has an unemployment rate of 1.03%. As of 2005, there were 19 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 7 businesses involved in this sector. 89 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 13 businesses in this sector. 269 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 41 businesses in this sector.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[4]

year population
1803 402
1850 591
1880 601
1900 499
1950 631
1960 988

Weather[edit]

Andeer has an average of 102.1 days of rain per year and on average receives 933 mm (36.7 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Andeer receives an average of 122 mm (4.8 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 11.4 days. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 38 mm (1.5 in) of precipitation over 11.4 days.[8]

Language[edit]

Earlier, Andeer was largely Romansh-speaking, but now the majority of the population speaks German, and this is the only language for conducting official business. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (81.0%), with Romansh being second most common ( 9.1%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 2.5%).[5]

Languages in Andeer GR
Language Census of 1980 Census of 1990 Census of 2000
Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
German 364 62.54% 446 75.21% 542 81.02%
Romansh 144 24.74% 87 14.67% 61 9.12%
Italian 47 8.08% 27 4.55% 16 2.39%
Population 582 100% 593 100% 669 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Chasa Padrun is listed as a Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  4. ^ a b Andeer in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 06-Oct-2009
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 987 meters above sea level.
  9. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 06-Oct-2009

External links[edit]

Media related to Andeer at Wikimedia Commons