Église Saint Éloi
|Intercommunality||Bassin d'Arcachon Nord Atlantique|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Philippe Pérusat|
|• Land1||20.01 km2 (7.73 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||33005 / 33510|
|Elevation||1–30 m (3.3–98.4 ft)
(avg. 4 m or 13 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Andernos-les-Bains consists of four other small communities: Taussat, Cassy, Lanton and Audenge. All these villages are characterized by their oyster farms and small fisheries. For many years, the oyster and fishing industry provided the main income to the area. More recently, tourism has become a strong economic factor in the area.
The bay was well known for the Portuguese oyster which died out during 1970-1972 because of gill disease. But a new oyster was found, the "Pacific oyster". Nevertheless, in 1974 the new oyster developed a disease caused by the paint used on fishing boats. An oil tanker spill in 1978 further damaged the oyster industry, which continued to suffer until 1981. The oyster industry suffered substantially around the bay. This was a disaster for whole of France and Europe as the Archachon oyster is a world famous delicacy.
Since 2000 the oyster industry has been recovering and now nearly 15,000 metric tons are produced per year.
Andernos-les-Bains has a 5.4 km (3.4 mi) long sand beach.
The closest airport is Bordeaux-Mérignac (30 km).
Sarah Bernhardt, a French actress, is known to have visited Andernos during the First World War.
- The Great Dune of Pyla - the longest in Europe
- Island of Birds - with two bird houses in the middle of the bay which act as landmarks
- Cape Ferret light house at the tip of the Arcachon Bay
Andernos-les-Bains is twinned with:
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