Madison County, Indiana

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Madison County, Indiana
Madison County Courthouse in Anderson.jpg
Madison County Courthouse in Anderson
Map of Indiana highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1823
Named for James Madison
Seat Anderson
Largest city Anderson
Area
 • Total 452.90 sq mi (1,173 km2)
 • Land 451.92 sq mi (1,170 km2)
 • Water 0.99 sq mi (3 km2), 0.22%
Population
 • (2010) 131,636
 • Density 291/sq mi (112.41/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.madisoncty.com
Footnotes: Indiana county number 48

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 131,636.[1] The county seat is Anderson.[2]

Madison County is included in the Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Madison County was formed in 1823. It was named for James Madison, co-author of the Federalist Papers, and fourth President of the United States, from 1809 to 1817.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 452.90 square miles (1,173.0 km2), of which 451.92 square miles (1,170.5 km2) (or 99.78%) is land and 0.99 square miles (2.6 km2) (or 0.22%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Anderson from the air, looking west.

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Anderson, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.1
 
33
18
 
 
2.3
 
38
23
 
 
3.2
 
49
32
 
 
3.8
 
61
41
 
 
4.1
 
72
51
 
 
4.2
 
80
60
 
 
4.3
 
84
64
 
 
3.4
 
82
62
 
 
3
 
75
55
 
 
2.8
 
64
44
 
 
3.7
 
50
35
 
 
3
 
37
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Anderson have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.09 inches (53 mm) in January to 4.28 inches (109 mm) in July.[4]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[5][6]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[5][6]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[6]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[6]

Madison County is part of Indiana's 5th congressional district; Indiana Senate districts 20, 25 and 26;[7] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 35, 36 and 37.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,238
1840 8,874 296.5%
1850 12,375 39.5%
1860 16,518 33.5%
1870 22,770 37.8%
1880 27,527 20.9%
1890 36,487 32.5%
1900 70,470 93.1%
1910 65,224 −7.4%
1920 69,151 6.0%
1930 82,888 19.9%
1940 88,575 6.9%
1950 103,911 17.3%
1960 125,819 21.1%
1970 138,451 10.0%
1980 139,336 0.6%
1990 130,669 −6.2%
2000 133,358 2.1%
2010 131,636 −1.3%
Est. 2012 130,348 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 Estimate[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 133,358 people, 53,052 households, and 36,234 families residing in the county. The population density was 295 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 56,939 housing units at an average density of 126 per square mile (49/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.90% White, 7.88% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 1.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.9% were of American, 20.2% German, 12.4% English and 8.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 53,052 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,925, and the median income for a family was $46,663. Males had a median income of $35,585 versus $23,719 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,090. About 7.00% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Madison County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Anderson, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  6. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  8. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°10′N 85°43′W / 40.16°N 85.72°W / 40.16; -85.72