Anderson County, Texas
|Anderson County, Texas|
The Anderson County Courthouse in Palestine
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Kenneth L. Anderson|
|• Total||1,078 sq mi (2,792 km2)|
|• Land||1,063 sq mi (2,753 km2)|
|• Water||15 sq mi (39 km2), 1.4%|
|• Density||55/sq mi (21/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Anderson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 58,458. Its county seat is Palestine. Anderson county was organized in 1846 and is named in honor of Kenneth L. Anderson, who had been Vice President of the Republic of Texas.
Anderson County comprises the Palestine, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government and infrastructure
- 5 Education
- 6 Media
- 7 Communities
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Indians friendly to the settlers resided in east Texas before the Kiowa, Kickapoo, Kichai, Apache and Comanche intruded upon their territory. These tribes hunted, farmed the land, and were adept traders. By 1772 they had settled on the Brazos at Waco and on the Trinity upstream from the site of present Palestine. The Tawakoni branch of Wichita Indians originated north of Texas, but migrated south into east Texas. From 1843 onward, the Tawakoni were part of treaties made by both the Republic of Texas and the United States.
On May 19, 1836 an alliance of Comanche, Kiowa, Caddo and Wichita attacked Fort Parker, killing or kidnapping all but about 18 settlers who managed to escape to Fort Houston, which had been erected in Anderson County in 1835 as protection against Indians. Among the captured was Cynthia Ann Parker, who later became mother of Comanche Chief Quanah Parker. Some residents of Anderson County are related to Cynthia Ann Parker.
In 1826, empresario David G. Burnet received a grant from the Coahuila y Tejas legislature to settle 300 families in what is now Anderson County. Most of the settlers in the county came from the southern states and from Missouri.
Baptist spiritual leader Daniel Parker and eight other men organized the Pilgrim Predestinarian Regular Baptist Church in Lamotte, Illinois. The fellowship in its entirety migrated in 1833 to the new frontier of Texas. Among this group of settlers were Silas M. Parker, Moses Herrin, Elisha Anglin, Luther T. M. Plummer, David Faulkenberry, Joshua Hadley, and Samuel Frost. Fort Parker was the earliest actual settlement in the vicinity. After the fort was attacked, some of the survivors moved to Anderson County.
Anderson County voted in favor of secession from the Union. When the Civil War broke out, former Palestine district judge Judge John H. Reagan served in the cabinet of the Confederate government as postmaster general, being captured at the end of the war and spending twenty-two months in solitary confinement. During Reconstruction, District Nine Court Judge Reuben A. Reeves, a resident of Palestine, was removed from office as "an obstruction to Reconstruction" in part because of his refusal to allow blacks to participate as jurors in the judicial process.
In January 1928 the first successful oil producer in Anderson County, known as the Humble-Lizzie Smith No. 1, was brought in. By the year 2000 - 295,904,540 barrels (47,045,062 m3) of oil had been taken from county lands since 1929.
The Gus Engeling Wildlife Management Area was purchased by the state between 1950 and 1960, much of it. Milze L. Derden. The area was renamed in 1952 after Gus A. Engeling, the first biologist assigned to the area, was shot and killed by a poacher on December 13, 1951.
Anderson County tied for 13th place in a list of the 25 American counties with the highest number of lynchings between 1877-1950.
- U.S. Highway 79
- U.S. Highway 84
- U.S. Highway 175
- U.S. Highway 287
- State Highway 19
- State Highway 155
- State Highway 294
- Henderson County (north)
- Cherokee County (east)
- Houston County (south)
- Leon County (southwest)
- Freestone County (west)
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 55,109 people, 15,678 households, and 11,335 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 18,436 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 66.44% White, 23.48% Black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 8.00% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 12.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 15,678 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 13.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county, the population was spread out with 20.70% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 37.70% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 155.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 173.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,957, and the median income for a family was $37,513. Males had a median income of $27,070 versus $21,577 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,838. About 12.70% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 16.60% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates state prisons for men in the county. The prisons Beto, Coffield, Michael, and Powledge units and the Gurney Unit transfer facility are co-located in an unincorporated area 7 miles (11 km) west of Palestine. The Beto Unit has the Correctional Institutions Division Region II maintenance headquarters.
The following school districts serve areas in Anderson County:
- Athens Independent School District (partial)
- Cayuga Independent School District
- Elkhart Independent School District (partial)
- Frankston Independent School District (partial)
- La Poynor Independent School District (partial)
- Neches Independent School District
- Palestine Independent School District
- Slocum Independent School District
- Westwood Independent School District
Anderson County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth DMA. Local media outlets are: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, and KFWD-TV. Other nearby stations that provide coverage for Anderson County come from the Tyler/Longview/Jacksonville market and they include: KLTV-TV, KTRE-TV, KYTX-TV, KFXK-TV, KCEB-TV, and KETK-TV.
- Palestine (county seat)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Moore, R Edward. "East Texas Indian Lands". Texas Indians. Archived from the original on 17 April 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2010. R E. Moore and Texarch Associates
- "The Passing of the Indian Era". Texas Beyond History. Retrieved 2 May 2010. Texas Beyond History
- Krieger, Margery H: Tawakoni Indians from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 02 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
- "Fort Houston, Texas". Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 2 May 2010. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.
- Watts, Mrs. Harmon: Fort Houston from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 02 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
- Hacker, Margaret Schmidt: Parker, Cynthia Ann from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 02 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
- "Frankston, Texas". Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 2 May 2010. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.
- "Empresario Contracts in the Colonization of Texas 1825-1834". Texas A & M UNiversity. Retrieved 2 May 2010. Wallace L. McKeehan,
- "Parker, Elder Daniel". Find A Grave. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Bob Bowman. "The Parker Family". Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 2 May 2010. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.
- "Faulkenberry, David". Find A Grave. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- "Palestine, Texas". Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 2 May 2010. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC.
- Bradberry Jr, Forrest E. "Anderson County in the Civil War". Palestine Herald Press. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- "Reagan, John Henninger". Find A Grave. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Procter, Ben H: Reagan, John Henninger from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 02 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
- Caraway, Georgia Kemp: Reeves, Reuben A from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 02 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
- Werner, George C: International-Great Northern Railroad from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 02 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
- Caraway, Georgia Kemp: Anderson County from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 02 May 2010. Texas State Historical Association
- "Gus Engeling Wildlife Management Area". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Archived from the original on 3 April 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Powledge Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 13, 2010.
- "Beto Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on June 5, 2010.
- Anderson County government's website
- Small Town Justice - Open Records Online
- Anderson County, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Anderson County Texas Almanac Page
- Anderson County Texas TXGenWeb Page
- View historic Anderson County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
|Freestone County||Cherokee County|
|Leon County||Houston County|