The Upper House, known as the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council, has lesser powers than the Assembly and several of its members are nominated by the Assembly. Others are elected from various sections of the society like Graduates and Teachers. Currently the Legislative Council consists of 56 members.
From 1956 to 1958 the Andhra Pradesh Legislature was unicameral and from 1958 when the Council was formed, it became bicameral and continued till 1 June 1985 when the Legislative Council was abolished and the Andhra Pradesh Legislature once again became unicameral. This continued until March 2007 when the Legislative Council was reestablished and elections were held for its seats as per The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council Bill, 2004.
Until the formation of Telangana in June 2014, the State Assembly Building, located in Hyderabad city, was the seat of the Andhra Pradesh Legislature. It was built in 1913. It adjoins the picturesque public gardens also known as the famous hanging gardens.
The Indian National Congress(INC) won its second consecutive term in the Legislative Assembly elections with an absolute majority held during April–May 2009. After the accidental death of Y.S. Rajashekar Reddy in a chopper crash, K Rosaiah replaced him as Chief Minister. Due to health reasons, K Rosaiah had to step down and Kiran Kumar Reddy as Chief Minister at present president's rule after 41 years(mar 2014). On 2014 Generel elections, Telugu Desam Party Stood as single largest party with 102 seats under the leader ship of Mr Nara Chandra Babu Naidu defeating the Y.S.R Congress party headed by the Young politician Y.S Jagan Mohan Reddy.