|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)|
|Area||4,200 km2 (1,622 sq mi)|
|Density||452 / km2 (1,171 / sq mi)|
Andijan Province (Uzbek: Andijon viloyati / Андижон вилояти) is a viloyat (province) of Uzbekistan, located in the eastern part of the Fergana Valley in far eastern Uzbekistan. It borders with Kyrgyzstan, Fergana Province and Namangan Province. It covers an area of 4,200 km2. The population is estimated to be around 2,756,400  thus making Andijan Province the most densely populated province of Uzbekistan.
The name Andijan has originated form of the Persian word of اندکان Andakan.  The traditional etymology connects the name with the Turk, ethnonim Gandhi (Gandhi Turks), known from pre-Islamic period.
Andijan Province is divided into 14 administrative districts. The capital is the city of Andijan (pop est 350,000 inhabitants). Other major cities include Asaka (Leninsk), Xonobod, Shahrixon (Moscovskiy), and Qorasuv.
The climate is a typically continental climate with extreme differences between winter and summer temperatures.
Natural resources include deposits of petroleum, natural gas, ozokerite and limestone. As with other regions of Uzbekistan, it is famous for its very sweet melons and watermelons, but cultivation of crops can be accomplished exclusively on irrigated lands. Main agriculture includes cotton, cereal, viticulture, cattle raising and vegetable gardening.
Industry includes metal processing, chemical industry, light industry, food processing. The first automobile assembly plant in Central Asia was opened in Asaka in Andijan Province by the Uzbek-Korean joint venture, UzDaewoo, which produces Nexia and Tico cars and the Damas minibus.
|District name||District capital|
- The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Statistics
- Dehkhoda Dictionary
- Географические названия мира: Топонимический словарь. — М: АСТ. Поспелов Е.М. 2001.
||Namangan Province||Jalal-Abad Province, Kyrgyzstan|
|Fergana Province||Osh Province, Kyrgyzstan|