Andilly, Charente-Maritime

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For other uses, see Andilly (disambiguation).
Andilly
The Town Hall
The Town Hall
Andilly is located in France
Andilly
Andilly
Coordinates: 46°15′14″N 1°01′32″W / 46.2539°N 1.0256°W / 46.2539; -1.0256Coordinates: 46°15′14″N 1°01′32″W / 46.2539°N 1.0256°W / 46.2539; -1.0256
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement La Rochelle
Canton Marans
Intercommunality Pays Marandais
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Maurice Debègue
Area
 • Land1 28.53 km2 (11.02 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 1,971
 • Population2 density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17008 / 17230
Elevation 0–24 m (0–79 ft)
(avg. 13 m or 43 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Andilly is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Poitou-Charentes region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andillais Andillaises[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Andilly is a marshy commune in the western part of the Poitevin Marsh located in the northwest of the Charente-Maritime 6.5 km south of Marans, the chief town of the canton, and 17 km north-east of La Rochelle, the prefecture of the department.

Setting[edit]

The commune includes the town of Andilly, the village of "Sérigny", and a place called "Bel-Air".

Andilly belongs to the western or dried-up part of the Poitevin Marsh and is a large grain-producing area. The commune is particularly well served by diversion canals, for draining and irrigation. Among these, two major canals cross the commune: the Canal du Curé crosses from east to west and the Canal from Marans to La Rochelle from north to south.

Andilly is watered in all the central parts and in the west by the Canal du Curé, which is formed from the lower reaches of the river Cure that is canalised from the commune of Anais. In Andilly, the Canal du Curé has long been called the Grand Canal of Andilly since its construction in 1771.

From north to south, the commune is traversed by the Canal from Marans to La Rochelle, which crosses the Canal du Curé northwest of Andilly town where significant crossing locks were built at a place called the Locks of Andilly.

Locks of Andilly
Plan of canal at Andilly locks

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

  • During the Wars of Religion Andilly was an advanced military post.
  • There are remains of the castle
  • There are ruins of a priory and a castle with underground passages
  • There are also prehistoric underground refuges and relics

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
1977 1983 Raoul Jardonnet Carpenter
1983 1995 Michel Fillodeau SE Farmer
1995 2008 Christian Point SE Civil Engineer
2008 2014 Maurice Debègue SE IT Engineer

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 1,971 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,148 889 809 959 1,337 1,113 1,136 1,150 1,169
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,266 1,265 1,302 1,188 1,153 1,219 1,238 1,208 1,219
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,190 1,086 1,065 916 864 835 808 808 839
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
916 964 1,075 1,352 1,481 1,478 1,772 1,971 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Andilly

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

Andilly village

The population of the commune is relatively young. The proportion of people over the age of 60 years (16.6%) is less than the national average (21.6%) and the departmental average (28.1%).

In contrast to the national and departmental proportions, the percentage of males in the commune is greater than that of females (51.3% against 48.4% nationally and 48.2% departmentally).

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Andilly and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009

Andilly Andilly Charente-M Charente-M
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 23.8 21.9 17.2 15.1
15 to 29 Years 15.1 13.9 16.5 14.4
30 to 44 Years 23.9 26.1 18.7 17.9
45 to 59 Years 21.9 20.6 21.0 20.8
60 to 74 Years 11.6 11.3 17.2 17.8
75 to 89 Years 3.5 5.7 9.0 12.4
90 Years+ 0.2 0.5 0.5 1.5

Sources:

Sites and monuments[edit]

  • The Saint Nazare Church
  • Remains of a medieval castle and a priory.

Transport[edit]

Railway Stations and Halts[edit]

Airports and Aerodromes[edit]

Roads[edit]

  • The D137 crosses the commune from Marans in the north passing between Andilly town and Serigny and continuing south to Usseau
  • The D20 connects the D137 to Andilly town and continues south-west to Villedoux
  • The D202 goes south from the town to Saint-Ouen-d'Aunis
  • The D112 goes south-east from the town to Longèves

Sports[edit]

Andilly was the arrival point of the 1st stage and departure point of the 2nd stage of the Tour du Poitou-Charentes in 2004]][4]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]