Andira inermis

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This article is about tree. For the genus of macaw known as Guacamayo in Spanish, see Ara (genus).
Cabbage tree
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Andira
Species: A. inermis
Binomial name
Andira inermis
(W.Wright) DC.

Andira inermis is a nitrogen-fixing tree native to the area from southern Mexico through Central America to northern South America (Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil); it has been introduced to the Caribbean, the Antilles, Florida, and Africa. The tree has many names due to its wide distribution and multiple uses: it is also known as the cabbage bark (in Belize), almendro macho (in El Salvador), almendro de río or river almond (Honduras), bastard cabbage tree, cabbage angelin (USA), cabbage bark (USA), cabbage tree, carne asada (Costa Rica), guacamayo (Honduras), Jamaica cabbage tree, moca (Puerto Rico), partridge wood (USA), worm bark, or yellow cabbage tree.

The tree grows to approximately 35m in height and 0.7m in diameter. It is evergreen and unbuttressed and has a dense crown and pink flowers. It grows primarily in riparian zones in forests along rivers. It can also be found in drier areas, including roadsides, pastures, and woodlands.

The tree's wood is used for lumber, and its smooth gray bark reportedly has narcotic, laxative, and vermifuge properties.

Synonym:

  • Andira grandiflora Guillemin & Perrottet
  • Andira jamaicensis (Wright)Urban
  • Geoffroea inermis (Wright)Wright
  • Geoffroea jamaicensis Wright Var. inermis Wright

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