|Intercommunality||Pays de Morlaàs|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Isabelle Lahore|
|• Land1||12.22 km2 (4.72 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64021 / 64420|
|Elevation||255–357 m (837–1,171 ft)
(avg. 342 m or 1,122 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andosiens or Andosiennes
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Culture and Heritage
- 7 Notable people linked to the commune
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
The commune is traversed by the A64 autoroute however there is no exit in the commune. The nearest exit is Exit 11 just south-east of the commune. Access to the village is by the D39 road from Morlaàs in the north-west which continues south-east to Limendous. There is also the D538 which goes north-west from the village to Serres-Morlaàs. There is also the D215 which goes south-west from the village to Artigueloutan.
Located in the watershed of the Adour, the commune is traversed from south-east to north-west by the Luy de France which forms part of the northern border before continuing to join the Lucet east of Morlaàs.
The Ayguelengue forms the southern border of the commune before joining the Oussere and continuing west.
The name Andoins appears in the forms:
- Andongns and Andongs (respectively 11th century and 1101, cartulary of Morlaàs)
- Andons (12th century, cartulary of Lescar)
- Andoniœ (1270, cartulary of Pau castle)
- Andonhs (13th century, Fors de Bearn)
- Andoyns (14th century, Béarn census)
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval indicates that the village's name probably comes from the family name Antonius, modified in basque to Anton plus the suffix -tz inducing the property of or the domain of Anton.
Aus-Cités was a hamlet in Andoins mentioned in 1863 in the Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays. Freitet was a forest in the commune in 1863 and was cited in 1457 6 in the cartulary of Ossau.
Marque-Debat was a hamlet in Adoins reported by the dictionary in 1863 as Marque-Dehore.
Pé-deu-Boscq was a farm in the commune cited in 1863 by the Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays.
In 1385 there were 20 fires in Andoins and it depended on the Bailiwick of Pau.
Or, a lion vert.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
Andois is part of six intercommunal structures:
- the public agency for local management;
- the Community of Communes of Pays de Morlaàs;
- the AEP association of the Ousse Valley;
- the energy association for Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the intercommunal association for consolidation of the communes of the plain of Ousse;
- the intercommunal association for the construction of the rescue centre at Soumoulou.
In 2009 the commune had 625 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and Heritage
The remains of a fortified complex from the 11th century is evidence of the ancient past of the commune.
Andoins also has a set of dwellings and farms dating to the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.
The Church of Saint-Laurent dates to the 19th century. It contains furniture, stained glass, paintings, statues, and objects registered in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage.
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 3 November 2011 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notices: IA00026873 Dwellings and Farms, IA00026878, IA00026877, IA00026876, IA00026875, IA00026874, IA00026887 (French)
- Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays (French)
- Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proof of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (French)
- Manuscripts in two volumes, 17th century - Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Manuscript from the 14th century - Depart,mental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of placenames - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
- Cartulary of Ossau or red book - Manuscript from the 15th century - Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- List of Mayors of France
- Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026881 Fortified complex (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026879 Church of Saint-Laurent (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000474 Furniture in the Church of Saint-Laurent, IM64000473, IM64000472, IM64000462, IM64000461, IM64000460, IM64000459, IM64000458, IM64000457, IM64000456, IM64000455, IM64000453, IM64000452, IM64000451, IM64000450 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000454 The stained glass at the Church of Saint-Laurent (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000463 Paintings (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000464 Statues in the Church of Saint-Laurent, IM64000454 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000471 Objects in the Church of Saint-Laurent, IM64000470, IM64000469, IM64000468, IM64000466, IM64000465 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000038 Funerary monument of Guilhem Arnaud (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Andoins.|