Andoins

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Andoins
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Andoins
Coat of arms
Andoins is located in France
Andoins
Andoins
Coordinates: 43°18′20″N 0°13′39″W / 43.3056°N 0.2275°W / 43.3056; -0.2275Coordinates: 43°18′20″N 0°13′39″W / 43.3056°N 0.2275°W / 43.3056; -0.2275
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Morlaàs
Intercommunality Pays de Morlaàs
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Christian Roché
Area1 12.22 km2 (4.72 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 625
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64021 / 64420
Elevation 255–357 m (837–1,171 ft)
(avg. 342 m or 1,122 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Andoins is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andosiens or Andosiennes[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Andoins School.
Saint-Laurent Church
The War Memorial

The commune is part of the urban area of Pau and is located 5 km east of Pau (five miles), the commune is part of the Vic-Bilh region of Gascony.

Access[edit]

The commune is traversed by the A64 autoroute however there is no exit in the commune. The nearest exit is Exit 11 just south-east of the commune. Access to the village is by the D39 road from Morlaàs in the north-west which continues south-east to Limendous. There is also the D538 which goes north-west from the village to Serres-Morlaàs. There is also the D215 which goes south-west from the village to Artigueloutan.[2]

Hydrography[edit]

Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed from south-east to north-west by the Luy de France which forms part of the northern border before continuing to join the Lucet east of Morlaàs.

The Ayguelengue forms the southern border of the commune before joining the Oussere and continuing west.[2]

Localities and hamlets[3][edit]

  • Lous Augas
  • Baradat
  • Barrails
  • Bégué
  • Bordenave
  • Capdepon[4]
  • Cazaux
  • Cazenave
  • Courriades
  • Freitet[5]
  • Gabaix
  • Las Grabes
  • Hourcade[5]
  • Lapoutge
  • Laulhé
  • Grange Laulhé
  • Lendrat
  • Minvielle
  • Grange Montané[6]
  • Pé-deu-Boscq[5]
  • Peyré
  • Poublan[7]
  • Puyau
  • Teulé
  • Troubet
  • Vergez

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Andonsh.[8] (according to the classical norm of Occitan).

Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[8] indicates that the village's name probably comes from the family name Antonius, modified in basque to Anton plus the suffix -tz inducing the property of or the domain of Anton.

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Andoins Andongns 12th century Raymond
5
Village
Andongs 1101 Raymond
5
Cartulary of Morlaàs
Andons 12th century Raymond
5
Lescar
Andoniœ 1270 Raymond
5
Pau
Andonhs 13th century Raymond
5
Fors de Béarn
Andoyns 14th century Raymond
5
Census
Aus-Cités Aus-Cités 1863 Raymond
17
Place
Freitet Lo boscq et lane aperat lo Freytat 1457 Raymond
65
Ossau Wood
Hourcade La Forcade 1385 Raymond
79
Census Farm
Marque-Debat La Marque-Debat 1863 Raymond
108
Hamlet
Marque-Dehore La Marque-Dehore 1863 Raymond
108
Hamlet
Pé-deu-Boscq Pé-deu-Boscq 1863 Raymond
133
Farm

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond on page 5 of the 1863 dictionary noted that Andoins was the seat of the second largest barony in Béarn which also included Limendous. He also noted that in 1385 there were 20 fires in Andoins and it depended on the Bailiwick of Pau.[5]

The town was part of the archdeaconry of Vic-Bilh, which depended on the bishopric of Lescar of which Lembeye was the capital.[5]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Andoins
Blazon:

Or, a lion vert.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[13]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2001 Jean Gabaix
2001 2014 Isabelle Lahore MoDem
2014 2020 Christian Roché

(Not all data is known)

Intercommunality[edit]

Andois is part of six inter-communal structures:

  • the public agency for local management;
  • the Community of Communes of Pays de Morlaàs;
  • the AEP association of the Ousse Valley;
  • the energy association for Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the intercommunal association for consolidation of the communes of the plain of Ousse;
  • the intercommunal association for the construction of the rescue centre at Soumoulou.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 625 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
510 446 404 542 555 539 538 558 568
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
550 556 519 527 522 506 546 512 514
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
454 475 419 368 380 382 354 315 319
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
329 418 333 469 514 522 603 625 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Andoins

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A House at Grange Montane (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Fortified Area (11th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • A Farmhouse at Poublan (1904)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • The Maison Séries Farmhouse (1913)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • The Maison Lacaze Farmhouse (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • The Cazenave Farmhouse (1899)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • The Maison Coustet Farmhouse (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • Houses and Farms (18th - 20th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Parish Church of Saint-Laurent (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[19] The church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

  • The Furniture in the ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20][21]
  • An Altar Vase (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
  • A Sunburst Monstrance (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
  • A Lantern (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
  • A Thurible (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
  • 2 Processional Crosses (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26][27]
  • A Painting: Stations of the Cross (1883)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]
  • A Candlestick (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[29]
  • 4 Candlesticks (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[30]
  • A Group Sculpture: Education of the Virgin (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[31]
  • A Mural Painting: Scenes from the life of Saint Lawrence (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[32]
  • 3 Chandeliers (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[33][34]
  • A Sideboard (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[35]
  • A Chair and 3 Prie-dieux (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[36]
  • The Choir Enclosure (1850)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[37]
  • A central Stoup (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[38]
  • An Altar and Tabernacle (1845)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[39]
  • An Altar Cross (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[40]
  • 2 Statues: Saint Peter and Saint Paul (1740 & 1760)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[41]
  • Altar seating and a Tabernacle (1740 & 1760)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[42]
  • Secondary Altar (1864)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[43]
  • The whole Altar of the Blessed Sacrament (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[44]
  • An Altar, Tabernacle, and 4 Altar Candlesticks (1841)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[45]
  • 4 Stained glass windows (Bays 1-4) (1923)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[46]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Guilhem Arnaud, Baron of Andoins who died in 1301. His funerary monumentLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[47] is displayed in the church of the Commandery of Caubin in the commune of Arthez-de-Béarn.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026874 Maison Coustet Farmhouse (French)
  5. ^ a b c d e f Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026887 House at Grange Montane (French)
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026878 Farmhouse at Poublan (French)
  8. ^ a b Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of placenames - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  9. ^ Cartulary of the Bishop of Lescar, published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (French)
  10. ^ Manuscripts in two volumes, 17th century, in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ a b Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ Cartulary of Ossau or red book, a Manuscript from the 15th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ List of Mayors of France
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026881 Fortified Area (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026877 Maison Séries Farmhouse (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026876 Maison Lacaze Farmhouse (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026875 Cazenave Farmhouse (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026873 Houses and Farms (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026879 Parish Church of Saint-Laurent (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000474 Furniture in the Church (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000448 Furniture in the Church (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000473 Altar Vase (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000472 Sunburst Monstrance (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000471 Lantern (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000470 Thurible (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000469 Processional Cross (2) (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000468 Processional Cross (1) (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000467 Painting: Stations of the Cross (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000466 Candlestick (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000465 4 Candlesticks (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000464 Group Sculpture: Education of the Virgin (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000463 Mural Painting: Scenes from the life of Saint Lawrence (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000462 Chandelier (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000461 2 Chandeliers (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000460 Sideboard (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000459 Chair and 3 Prie-dieux (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000458 Choir enclosure (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000457 Central Stoup (French)
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000456 Altar and Tabernacle (French)
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000455 Altar Cross (French)
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000454 2 Statues: Saint Peter and Saint Paul (French)
  42. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000453 Altar seating and a Tabernacle (French)
  43. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000452 Secondary Altar (French)
  44. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000451 Altar of the Blessed Sacrament (French)
  45. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000450 Altar, Tabernacle, and 4 Altar Candlesticks (French)
  46. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000449 4 Stained glass windows (French)
  47. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64000038 Funerary monument of Guilhem Arnaud (French)