Foreign relations of Andorra
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politics and government of
Since the establishment of sovereignty with the ratification of the constitution in 1993, Andorra has moved to become an active member of the international community. In July 1993, Andorra established its first diplomatic mission in the world to the United Nations. In early 1995, the United States and Andorra established formal diplomatic relations. Andorra also has expanded relations with other nations.
Andorra maintains six embassies abroad: in Austria, Belgium, France, Spain, Portugal and the United States (in New York). The principality's permanent mission to the United Nations in New York also serves as their embassy to the United States, Canada and Mexico.
France and Spain have embassies in Andorra.
Foreign affairs are supervised by the Ministry of External Affairs (Catalan: Ministeri d'Afers Exteriors).
Andorra is a full member of the United Nations (UN), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), International Criminal Court (ICC), International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), International Telecommunications Union (ITU), International Red Cross, Universal Copyright Convention, Council of Europe, EUTELSAT, World Tourism Organization, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Customs Cooperation Council (CCC), and Interpol. Since 1991, Andorra has had a special agreement with the European Union.
Disputes - international: none
Relations with the Republic of Kosovo
On 8 June 2011, Andorra became the 76th member state of the United Nations to recognise the independence of the Republic of Kosovo.[a] The Kosovo Minister of Foreign Affairs stated that the two countries will form diplomatic relations very shortly. Previously in 2008, Andorra was hesitant to recognise the Republic of Kosovo's independence due to a possible precedent in the region and due to the pressure of Spain. Andorra and Kosovo established diplomatic relations on 14 September 2011.
Relations with the United States
The United States established diplomatic relations with Andorra on 21 February 1995. The two countries are on excellent terms. The U.S. Ambassador to Spain is also accredited as Ambassador to Andorra. United States Consulate General officials based in Barcelona are responsible for the day-to-day conduct of relations with Andorra. The then-Permanent Representative of Andorra to the United Nations, Carles Font-Rossell, was accredited as Andorra's first Ambassador to the United States as of 14 March 2008. The current Ambassador, serving since 2 November 2009, is Narcís Casal de Fonsdeviela.
Relations with the European Union
Andorra has had a customs union with the European Union (EU) since 1991 though it excludes agricultural produce. Andorra also maintains its border controls by staying outside of Schengen, though citizens holding a Schengen visa can usually enter. Andorra is the only microstate to use the euro without an official agreement, though Andorra is in talks with the EU over an agreement that would allow it to mint its own coins.
Notes and references
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.|
- "Adresses of the Andorran diplomatic missions". Government of Andorra - Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
- "Kosova and Andorra establish diplomatic relations". MFA of Kosovo. 2011-09-14. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
- Andorra Ambassador Washington Diplomat, retrieved 2008-09-18
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).
- (Catalan)/(Spanish)/(French)/(English) Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- (Catalan)/(Spanish)/(English)/(French) Andorran Embassy in Brussels, Belgium
- (Catalan)/(French) Andorran Embassy in Paris, France
- (French) Embassy of France in Andorra La Vella
- (Catalan)/(Spanish)/(English) United States Consulate General in Barcelona, Spain (Also serves as the United States Embassy to Andorra)
- (English) Permanent Mission to the United Nations
- (English) History of Andorra - U.S. relations