André Tardieu

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André Tardieu
Tardieu.jpg
97th Prime Minister of France
In office
2 November 1929 – 21 February 1930
President Gaston Doumergue
Preceded by Aristide Briand
Succeeded by Camille Chautemps
99th Prime Minister of France
In office
2 March 1930 – 13 December 1930
President Gaston Doumergue
Preceded by Camille Chautemps
Succeeded by Théodore Steeg
102nd Prime Minister of France
In office
20 February 1932 – 3 June 1932
President Paul Doumer
Himself (acting)
Albert Lebrun
Preceded by Pierre Laval
Succeeded by Édouard Herriot
Acting President of the French Republic
In office
7 May – 10 May 1932
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Paul Doumer
Succeeded by Albert Lebrun
Personal details
Born André Pierre Gabriel Amédée Tardieu
22 September 1876
Paris, France
Died 15 September 1945(1945-09-15) (aged 68)
Menton, France
Political party None

André Pierre Gabriel Amédée Tardieu (French: [ɑ̃dʁe taʁdjø]; 1876–1945) was three times Prime Minister of France (3 November 1929 – 17 February 1930; 2 March – 4 December 1930; 20 February – 10 May 1932) and a dominant figure of French political life in 1929–1932.

Biography[edit]

Tardieu was a graduate of the elite Lycée Condorcet. He was accepted by the even more prestigious École Normale Supérieure, but instead entered the diplomatic service. Later, he left the service and became famous as foreign affairs editor of the newspaper Le Temps. He founded the conservative newspaper L'Echo National in association with Georges Mandel.

In 1914 Tardieu was elected to the Chamber of Deputies from the département of Seine-et-Oise, as a candidate of the center-right Democratic Republican Alliance (Alliance Démocratique - AD). He retained this seat till 1924. From 1926 to 1936, he represented the département of Territoire de Belfort.

When World War I broke out, Tardieu enlisted in the army, serving as an infantryman till 1916. He then returned to politics. He served as Georges Clemenceau's lieutenant in 1919 during the Paris Peace Conference and as Commissioner for Franco-American War Cooperation. On 8 November 1919, he became Minister of Liberated Regions, administering Alsace and Lorraine, serving until Clemenceau's defeat in 1920.

In 1926, Tardieu returned to government as Minister of Transportation under Raymond Poincaré. In 1928, he moved to Minister of the Interior, continuing under Poincaré's successor Aristide Briand.

In November 1929 Tardieu himself succeeded Briand as Président du Conseil (Prime Minister), while remaining Interior Minister.

Though generally considered a conservative, when Tardieu became Prime Minister, he introduced a program of welfare measures, including public works, social insurance, and free secondary schooling, and he encouraged modern techniques in industry.

Tardieu was displaced from both offices for ten days in February–March 1930 by Radical Camille Chautemps, but returned till that December. He was subsequently Minister of Agriculture in 1931, Minister of War in 1932, and again Prime Minister (also, this time, Minister of Foreign Affairs), from 30 February to 3 June 1932, until the AD and its coalition partners were defeated in the May elections.

Due this premiership Tardieu served for three (7–10 May 1932) days as the Acting President of the French Republic. between assassination of Paul Doumer and election of Albert Lebrun.

He was briefly a Minister of State without portfolio in 1934.

His later political activity was largely concerned with containing and responding to German expansion.

In his two-volume book La Révolution à refaire, Tardieu criticized the French parliamentary system.

Bibliography[edit]

Some of the books he wrote include:

  • La France et les alliances (1908);
  • La Paix (1921; published in English as The Truth About the Treaty)
  • Devant l'obstacle (1927); published in English as France and America)
  • La Révolution à refaire, 2 volumes (1936–37).

Tardieu's First Ministry, 3 November 1929 - 21 February 1930[edit]

Tardieu's Second Government, 2 March - 13 December 1930[edit]

Changes

  • 17 November 1930 - Henri Chéron succeeds Péret as Minister of Justice.

Tardieu's Third Ministry, 20 February - 3 June 1932[edit]

See also[edit]

  • The Truth About The Treaty, written 1921, to defend the French negotiators from claims that they had been too lenient on the Germans.
Political offices
Preceded by
Albert Lebrun
Minister of Liberated Regions
1919–1920
Succeeded by
Émile Ogier
Preceded by
Orly André-Hesse
Minister of Transportation
1926–1928
Succeeded by
Pierre Forgeot
Preceded by
Albert Sarraut
Minister of the Interior
1928–1930
Succeeded by
Camille Chautemps
Preceded by
Aristide Briand
Prime Minister of France
1929–1930
Preceded by
Camille Chautemps
Prime Minister of France
1930
Succeeded by
Théodore Steeg
Minister of the Interior
1930
Succeeded by
Georges Leygues
Preceded by
Victor Boret
Minister of Agriculture
1931–1932
Succeeded by
Achille Fould
Preceded by
André Maginot
Minister of War
1932
Succeeded by
François Piétri
Preceded by
Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France
1932
Succeeded by
Édouard Herriot
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1932
New office Minister of State
1934
Succeeded by
Louis Marin