Andrés Pastrana Arango
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2009)|
|Andrés Pastrana Arango|
38th President of Colombia
7 August 1998 – 7 August 2002
|Vice President||Gustavo Bell Lemus|
|Preceded by||Ernesto Samper Pizano|
|Succeeded by||Álvaro Uribe Vélez|
|Colombia Ambassador to United States|
24 October 2005 – 11 July 2006
|President||Álvaro Uribe Vélez|
|Preceded by||Luis Alberto Moreno|
|Succeeded by||Carolina Barco Isakson|
|18th Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement|
7 August 1998 – 2 September 1998
|Preceded by||Ernesto Samper Pizano|
|Succeeded by||Nelson Mandela|
|18th Mayor of the Special District of Bogotá|
|Preceded by||Julio César Sánchez|
|Succeeded by||Juan Martín Caycedo Ferrer|
17 August 1954|
Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
|Great Alliance for Change|
|Spouse(s)||Nohra Puyana Bickenbach (1981-present)|
|Relations||Misael Pastrana Borrero (father)
María Cristina Arango Vega (mother)
|Alma mater||Our Lady of the Rosary University (LLB)
During his father's presidency, he was a student in Colegio San Carlos. He got a degree in law at the Our Lady of the Rosary University in 1977. After obtaining a postgraduate degree at Harvard University (International Law) in the United States, he returned to Colombia. On his return he founded a magazine called Guión and a programadora known as Datos y Mensajes, whose flagship program was the newscast Noticiero TV Hoy. As a regular news anchor he became a nationally known figure.
In 1982 he formally began his political career, gaining a seat on the local Bogotá council. He also specialized in press articles on the production and trafficking of cocaine, for which he gained many journalistic awards. In 1991 he was elected Senator.
Kidnapping by Medellin Cartel and elected Mayor of Bogota
He was kidnapped on 18 January 1988 in Antioquia by the Medellín drug cartel, which was pressuring the Colombian government into preventing the extradition of Pablo Escobar and other drug lords to the United States. He was found by the National Police a week later, and in March he was elected Mayor of Bogotá, a position he held until 1990.
First candidacy for President of Colombia
In 1994 he stood for the presidency against Liberal candidate Ernesto Samper, losing by only 2 points in the second round. Pastrana immediately accused Samper of using drug money to finance his campaign, and provided audio recordings to the authorities which subsequently attracted much media attention and eventually led to a scandal known as 8.000 Process (Proceso 8.000).
While this accusation underwent a parliamentary investigation, Pastrana retired into his private life. In 1998, Pastrana announced his intention to run for President. This time he won in the Presidential elections of 1998.
President of Colombia (1998-2002)
||This article may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. (December 2010)|
His presidency is remembered first for his negotiations with the two left-wing guerrilla groups FARC and ELN, culminating in the grant of a demilitarized safe haven to the guerrillas the size of Switzerland, and second for his breaking off said negotiations. It is also remembered for a growing degree of unpopularity in polls as his term progressed. Some critics accused him of possibly accepting unspecified bribes from leading FARC and ELN members, but no concrete evidence of that was presented during his presidency. His administration proposed and initially oversaw the implementation of the Plan Colombia aid package and anti-drug strategy. He was also heavily criticized for all the seemingly pleasure trips he took around the world during his term.
Ambassador of Colombia to the United States
In 2005 President Álvaro Uribe Vélez, who had been a critic of Pastrana's peace process with the FARC and had received criticisms from Pastrana regarding his negotiations with Colombian paramilitary groups, surprisingly offered the former president the post of Ambassador to the United States in Washington DC. After consulting his family and political supporters, Pastrana accepted.
Some political analysts theorized that Uribe considered that Pastrana would be a useful diplomat in Washington, because he would help to renegotiate Plan Colombia and in general to maintain U.S. aid to Colombia, which has contributed to the successes of the Uribe administration.
In July 2006, a few days after President Uribe had appointed former president Ernesto Samper as Colombian ambassador to France, Pastrana told the President that he was "morally impeded" from participating in a government along with ex-president Samper. Pastrana resigned and returned to Colombia and Samper rejected his own appointment. But this move was not well received by the Conservative Party. The Conservative Party was committed to President Uribe (who won the presidency as an independent) and left former President Pastrana alone.
Pastrana is also a member of the Club de Madrid, a group of more than 80 former leaders of democratic countries, which works to strengthen democratic leadership worldwide.
- "Andrés Pastrana Arango." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 21 Jan. 2010 .
- "Board". IFES. 2009. Retrieved Oct. 16, 2009.
- Fondation Chirac's honour committee
- (Spanish) El Colombiano - President Pastrana's job performance
- (Spanish) El Tiempo - President Uribe and ambassador Pastrana meet
- (Spanish) El Tiempo - Ex president Pastrana accuses Constitutional Court
Media related to Andrés Pastrana Arango at Wikimedia Commons
- Biography by CIDOB (in Spanish)
Ernesto Samper Pizano
|President of Colombia