André Thouin

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André Thouin (10 February 1746 – 24 October 1824) was a French botanist born in Paris. His younger brother, Gabriel Thouin (1747–1829), was a noted landscape architect.

He studied botany under Bernard de Jussieu (1699–1777), and in 1793 attained the chair of horticulture at the "Muséum national d'histoire naturelle" in Paris. He was a good friend of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson, and the godfather of Jean Baptiste Lamarck's son Andre. He is denoted by the author abbreviation Thouin when citing a botanical name.

André Thouin

Thouin is remembered for contributions made in the field of agronomy, including scientific studies that involved improved grafting techniques and seed selection. He was a pioneer conservationalist, stressing the importance of replacing woodlands to compensate for their destruction due to human encroachment.

The plat genus Thouinia (family Sapindaceae) is named after him.[1][2] As a taxonomist he described the genus Celanthera (1786; family Marattiaceae).[3]

Selected publications[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ BHL Taxonomic literature : a selective guide to botanical publications
  2. ^ The Plant List Thouinia
  3. ^ IPNI Celanthera
  4. ^ "Author Query for 'Thouin'". International Plant Names Index. 
  • This article incorporates information based on a translation of an equivalent article at the French Wikipedia.