Andragoras (Seleucid satrap)
- Not to be mistaken for Andragoras, a satrap of Alexander from 331 BCE, also in the area of Parthia.
|Satrap and self-proclaimed King of Parthia.|
Coin of Andragoras.
Obv:Bearded ruler wearing the taenia.
Rev': Greek legend ΑΝΔΡΑΓΟΡΟΥ ("Andragoras"). Quadriga driven by Nike, together with an armed warrior.
|Reign||245–238 BCE (as King)|
Andragoras proclaimed independence from the Seleucid Empire in 247–245 BCE, at a time when the Seleucids were embroiled in conflict with Ptolemaic Egypt. He revolted soon after the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom had broken away from the Seleucids, and Andragorus may have been allied with the new Bactrian king, Diodotus I. In defiance, he issued coins in which he wears the royal diadem as well as his name.
- "He (Arsaces) was used to a life of pillage and theft, when he heard about the defeat of Seleucus against the Gauls. Relieved from his fear of the king, he attacked the Parthians with a band of thieves, vanquished their prefect Andragoras, and, after having killed him took the power over the nation" ("Hic solitus latrociniis et rapto uiuere accepta opinione Selencum a Gallis in Asia uictum, solutus regis metu, cum praedonum manu Parthos ingressus praefectum eorum Andragoran oppressit sublatoque eo imperium gentis inuasit") Justin, xli. 4.
- Shadows in the desert: ancient Persia at war Kaveh Farrokh p.119ff
- Justin, xli. 4
- Will: I, 1966