Andravida

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Andravida
Ανδραβίδα
Location
Andravida is located in Greece
Andravida
Andravida
Coordinates 37°54′N 21°16′E / 37.900°N 21.267°E / 37.900; 21.267Coordinates: 37°54′N 21°16′E / 37.900°N 21.267°E / 37.900; 21.267
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: West Greece
Regional unit: Elis
Municipality: Andravida-Kyllini
Population statistics (as of 2001)[1]
Municipal unit
 - Population: 4,309
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 6 m (20 ft)
Postal code: 270 51
Telephone: 26230
Auto: ΗΑ
Website
www.andravida.gr

Andravída (Greek: Ανδραβίδα, [anðraˈviða], French: Andreville) is a town and a former municipality in Elis, West Greece, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Andravida-Kyllini, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] Its population is about 4,300. Andravida is located in the plains of northwestern Elis, at about 7 km from the Ionian Sea coast. It is 3 km south of Lechaina, 6 km north of Gastouni, 30 km northwest of Pyrgos and 55 km southwest of Patras.

The Greek National Road 9 (also E55) Patras-Pyrgos-Pylos passes east of the town. Andravida has a disused railway station on the line from Patras to Kalamata, which opened in the 1860s[citation needed]. The Andravida Air Base is 2.5 km to the east of the city center. Construction began in the 1950s to expand the Greek military aviation services throughout the state. At 2 km, it has the longest runway in Elis.

Population[edit]

Year Town population Municipal unit population
1981 3,460 -
1991 3,167 3,915
2001 3,579 4,309

Economy[edit]

Tomatoes, potatoes, pasture, watermelon, corn, melon and some other types of fruits and vegetables are grown in the municipality. Citrus and olive groves dominate the hills east of Tragano. The tomato factory "Asteris" produces a lot of tomato sauce, sold throughout Greece.

History[edit]

Coat of Arms of Principality of Achaea.

Andravida (then Andreville) was the capital of the Principality of Achaea from 1295 until 1429, when it was conquered by the Despotate of the Morea; in 1460 it was conquered and ruled by the Ottoman Empire until Greek independence. The town was unfortified, and had a Frankish-built church, Agia Sophia. Nearby Glarentza was the town's harbour and the largest city of the Principality.

Subdivisions[edit]

Municipality of Andravida within the regional unit of Elis.

The municipal unit Andravida is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):

The small village Agios Georgios (pop. 96) lies 6 km east of Andravida town centre, on the east side of the air base.

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 793 KB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003. 
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

External links[edit]