|Full name||Andre Kirk Agassi|
|Residence||Las Vegas, Nevada|
April 29, 1970 |
Las Vegas, Nevada
|Height||5 ft 11 in (180 cm)|
|Retired||September 3, 2006|
|Plays||Right-handed (two-handed backhand)|
|Coach(es)||Emmanuel Agassi (1970–1983)
Nick Bollettieri (1983–1993)
Brad Gilbert (1994–2002)
Darren Cahill (2002–2006)
|Int. Tennis HOF||2011 (member page)|
|Career record||870–274 (76.05% on the Grand Prix tour, ATP Tour, in Grand Slams and Davis Cup)|
|Career titles||60 (in Grand Prix and ATP Tour play and 68 in total)|
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (April 10, 1995)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||W (1995, 2000, 2001, 2003)|
|French Open||W (1999)|
|US Open||W (1994, 1999)|
|Tour Finals||W (1990)|
|Olympic Games||Gold Medal (1996)|
|Career record||40-42 (on the Grand Prix tour, ATP Tour, in Grand Slams and Davis Cup)|
|Highest ranking||No. 123 (August 17, 1992)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|French Open||QF (1992)|
|US Open||1R (1987)|
|Davis Cup||W (1990, 1992, 1995)|
|Olympic medal record|
|Competitor for United States|
Andre Kirk Agassi (/ /; born April 29, 1970, in Las Vegas, Nevada) is an American retired professional tennis player and former World No. 1, who was one of the game's most dominant players from the early 1990s to the mid-2000s. Generally considered by critics and fellow players to be one of the greatest tennis players of all time, Agassi had been called the best service returner in the history of the game. Described by the BBC upon his retirement as "perhaps the biggest worldwide star in the sport's history", Agassi compiled performances that, along with his unorthodox apparel and attitude, saw him cited as one of the most charismatic players in the history of the game. As a result, he is credited for helping to revive the popularity of tennis during the 1990s.
In singles tennis, Agassi is an eight-time Grand Slam champion and a 1996 Olympic gold medalist, as well as finishing runner-up in seven other Grand Slam tournaments. His four Australian Open titles are an Open Era record (shared with Novak Djokovic and Roger Federer). He is one of four male singles players to achieve the Career Grand Slam (all four Grand Slam championships) in the Open Era and one of seven in history, the first of two to achieve the Career Golden Slam (Career Grand Slam and Olympic gold medal), and the only man to win the Career Golden Slam and the ATP Tour World Championships (won in 1990): a distinction dubbed as a "Career Super Slam" by Sports Illustrated.
Agassi was the first male player to win all four Grand Slams on three different surfaces (hard, clay and grass), and the last American male to win the French Open (1999) and the Australian Open (2003). He also won 17 ATP Masters Series titles and was part of a winning Davis Cup team in 1990, 1992 and 1995. Agassi was troubled by personal issues during the mid-to-late 1990s and sank to World No. 141 in 1997, prompting many to believe that his career was over. Agassi returned to World No. 1 in 1999 and enjoyed the most successful run of his career over the next four years. During his 20-plus year tour career, Agassi was known by the nickname "The Punisher".
After suffering from sciatica caused by two bulging discs in his back, a spondylolisthesis (vertebral displacement) and a bone spur that interfered with the nerve, Agassi retired from professional tennis on September 3, 2006, after losing in the third round of the US Open to Benjamin Becker. He is the founder of the Andre Agassi Charitable Foundation, which has raised over $60 million for at-risk children in Southern Nevada. In 2001, the Foundation opened the Andre Agassi College Preparatory Academy in Las Vegas, a K-12 public charter school for at-risk children. He has been married to fellow tennis star Steffi Graf since 2001.
- 1 1970–1985: Early life
- 2 International tennis career biography
- 3 Earnings
- 4 Post-retirement
- 5 Playing style
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Politics
- 8 Philanthropy
- 9 Career statistics
- 10 Professional awards
- 11 Recognition
- 12 Video
- 13 Video games
- 14 See also
- 15 Notes
- 16 References
- 17 Further reading
- 18 External links
1970–1985: Early life
Andre Agassi was born in Las Vegas, Nevada to Emmanuel "Mike" Agassi and Elizabeth "Betty" Agassi (née Dudley). His father, a former Olympic boxer for Iran, is of Armenian and Assyrian descent. Andre Agassi's mother, Betty, is a breast cancer survivor. He has three older siblings – Rita (last wife to Pancho Gonzales), Philip and Tami.
In a passage from the book Open, Agassi details how his father made him play a match for money with football legend Jim Brown, in 1979, when Agassi was 9 years old. Brown was at a Vegas tennis club complaining to the owner about a money match that was canceled. Agassi's father stepped in and told Brown that he could play his son and he would put up his house for the wager. Brown countered with a $10,000 bet, but after he was warned by the club owner not to take the bet because he would lose and be embarrassed, Brown agreed with Mike Agassi that they would set the amount after he and Andre played two sets. Brown lost those sets, 3–6, 3–6, declined the 10K wager, and offered to play the third set for $500. He lost 2–6.
At age 13, Andre was sent to Nick Bollettieri's Tennis Academy in Florida. He was meant to stay for only 3 months because that was all his father could afford. After thirty minutes of watching Agassi play, Bollettieri called Mike and said: "Take your check back. He's here for free," claiming that Agassi had more natural talent than anyone else he had seen. Agassi dropped out of school in the ninth grade.
International tennis career biography
1986–1993: Breakthrough and the first major title
He turned professional at the age of 16 and competed in his first tournament at La Quinta, California. He won his first match against John Austin, but then lost his second match to Mats Wilander. By the end of the year, Agassi was ranked world no. 91. He won his first top-level singles title in 1987 at the Sul American Open in Itaparica and ended the year ranked world no. 25. He won six additional tournaments in 1988 (Memphis, U.S. Men's Clay Court Championships, Forest Hills WCT, Stuttgart Outdoor, Volvo International and Livingston Open), and, by December of that year, he had surpassed US$1 million in career prize money after playing in just 43 tournaments—the fastest anyone in history had reached that level. During the year, he set the open-era record for most consecutive victories by a male teenager, a record that stood for 17 years until Rafael Nadal broke it in 2005. His year-end ranking was world no. 3, behind second-ranked Ivan Lendl and top-ranked Mats Wilander. Both the Association of Tennis Professionals and Tennis magazine named Agassi the Most Improved Player of the Year for 1988.
In addition to not playing the Australian Open (which later became his best Grand Slam event) for the first eight years of his career, Agassi chose not to play at Wimbledon from 1988 through 1990 and publicly stated that he did not wish to play there because of the event's traditionalism, particularly its "predominantly white" dress code to which players at the event are required to conform.
Strong performances on the tour meant that Agassi was quickly tipped as a future Grand Slam champion. While still a teenager, he reached the semifinals of both the French Open and the US Open in 1988 and made the US Open semifinals in 1989. He began the 1990s with a series of near-misses. He reached his first Grand Slam final in 1990 at the French Open, where he was favored before losing in four sets to Andrés Gómez. He reached his second Grand Slam final of the year at the US Open, defeating defending champion Boris Becker in the semifinals. His opponent in the final was Pete Sampras; a year earlier, Agassi had crushed Sampras, after which he told his coach that he felt bad for Sampras because he was never going to make it as a pro. Agassi lost the US Open final to Sampras in three sets. The rivalry between these two American players became the dominant rivalry in tennis over the rest of the decade. Also in 1990, Agassi helped the United States win its first Davis Cup in 8 years and won his only Tennis Masters Cup, beating reigning Wimbledon champion Stefan Edberg in the final.
In 1991, Agassi reached his second consecutive French Open final, where he faced fellow Bollettieri Academy alumnus Jim Courier. Courier emerged the victor in a five-set final. Agassi decided to play at Wimbledon in 1991, leading to weeks of speculation in the media about the clothes he would wear. He eventually emerged for the first round in a completely white outfit. He reached the quarterfinals on that occasion, losing in five sets to David Wheaton.
Agassi's Grand Slam tournament breakthrough came at Wimbledon, not at the French Open or the US Open, where he had previously enjoyed success. In 1992, he defeated Goran Ivanišević in a five-set final. Along the way, Agassi overcame two former Wimbledon champions: Boris Becker and John McEnroe. No other baseliner would triumph at Wimbledon until Lleyton Hewitt ten years later. Agassi was named the BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year in 1992. Agassi once again played on the United States' Davis Cup winning team in 1992. It was their second Davis cup title in three years.
1993 saw Agassi win the only doubles title of his career, at the Cincinnati Masters, partnered with Petr Korda. Agassi missed much of the early part of that year with injuries. Although he made the quarterfinals in his Wimbledon title defense, he lost to eventual champion and world no. 1 Pete Sampras in five sets. Agassi lost in the first round at the US Open to Thomas Enqvist and required wrist surgery late in the year.
1994–1997: Rise to the top, Olympic Gold and the fall
With new coach Brad Gilbert on board, Agassi began to employ more of a tactical, consistent approach, which fueled his resurgence. He started slowly in 1994, losing in the first week at the French Open and Wimbledon. Nevertheless, he emerged during the hard-court season, winning the Canadian Open. His comeback culminated at the 1994 US Open with a five-set fourth-round victory against compatriot Michael Chang. He then became the first man to capture the US Open as an unseeded player, beating Michael Stich in the final. Along the way, he beat 5 seeded players.
In 1995, Agassi shaved his balding head, breaking with his old "image is everything" style. He competed in the 1995 Australian Open (his first appearance at the event) and won, beating Sampras in a four-set final. Agassi and Sampras met in five tournament finals in 1995, all on hardcourt, with Agassi winning three. Agassi won three Masters Series events in 1995 (Cincinnati, Key Biscayne, and the Canadian Open) and seven titles total. He compiled a career-best 26-match winning streak during the summer hard-court circuit, which ended when he lost the US Open final to Sampras.
Agassi reached the world no. 1 ranking for the first time in April 1995. He held that ranking until November, for a total of 30 weeks. Agassi skipped most of the fall indoor season which allowed Sampras to surpass him and finish ranked no. 1 at the year-ending ranking. In terms of win/loss record, 1995 was Agassi's best year. He won 73 matches while losing 9 and was also once again a key player on the United States' Davis Cup winning team—the third and final Davis Cup title of Agassi's career.
1996 was a less successful year for Agassi, as he failed to reach any Grand Slam final. He suffered two early-round losses at the hands of compatriots Chris Woodruff and Doug Flach at the French Open and Wimbledon, respectively, and lost to Chang in straight sets in the Australian and US Open semifinals. At the time, Agassi blamed the Australian Open loss on the windy conditions, but later said in his biography that he had lost the match on purpose, as he did not want to play Boris Becker, whom he would have faced in that final. The high point for Agassi was winning the men's singles gold medal at the Olympic Games in Atlanta, beating Sergi Bruguera of Spain in the final. Agassi also successfully defended his singles titles in Cincinnati and Key Biscayne.
1997 was the low point of Agassi's career. His wrist injury resurfaced, and he played only 24 matches during the year. He later confessed that he started using crystal methamphetamine at that time, allegedly on the urging of a friend. He failed an ATP drug test, but wrote a letter claiming the same friend had spiked a drink. The ATP dropped the failed drug test as a warning. In his autobiography, Agassi admitted that the letter was a lie. He quit the drug soon after. At this time Agassi was also in a failing marriage with actress Brooke Shields and had lost interest in the game. He won no top-level titles, and his ranking sank to world no. 141 on 10 November 1997, prompting many to believe that his run as one of the sport's premier competitors was over and that he would never again win any significant championships.
1998–2003: Return to glory and Career Golden Slam
In 1998, Agassi began a rigorous conditioning program and worked his way back up the rankings by playing in Challenger Series tournaments, a circuit for pro players ranked outside the world's top 50. After returning to top physical and mental shape, Agassi recorded the most successful period of his tennis career and also played classic matches in that period against Pete Sampras and Patrick Rafter.
In 1998, Agassi won five titles and leapt from world no. 110 to no. 6, the highest jump into the top 10 made by any player during a calendar year. At Wimbledon, he had an early loss in the second round to Tommy Haas. He won five titles in ten finals and was runner-up at the Masters Series tournament in Key Biscayne, losing to Marcelo Ríos, who became world no. 1 as a result. At the year end he was awarded the ATP Most Improved Player of the Year for the second time in his career (first being 10 years earlier in 1988).
Agassi entered the history books in 1999 when he came back from two sets to love down to beat Andrei Medvedev in a five-set French Open final, becoming, at the time, only the fifth male player (joining Rod Laver, Fred Perry, Roy Emerson and Don Budge—these have since been joined by a sixth, Rafael Nadal and a seventh, Roger Federer) to win all four Grand Slam singles titles during his career. Only Laver, Agassi, Federer and Nadal have achieved this feat during the open era. This win also made him the first (of only three, the second and third being Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer respectively) male player in history to have won all four Grand Slam titles on three different surfaces (clay, grass and hard courts), a tribute to his adaptability, as the other four men won their Grand Slam titles on clay and grass courts. Agassi also became the first (of only two, the second being Rafael Nadal) male player to win the Career Golden Slam, consisting of all four Grand Slam tournaments plus an Olympic gold medal.
Agassi followed his 1999 French Open victory by reaching the Wimbledon final, where he lost to Sampras in straight sets. He rebounded from his Wimbledon defeat by winning the US Open, beating Todd Martin in five sets (rallying from a two sets to one deficit) in the final. Overall during the year Agassi won 5 titles including two majors and the ATP Masters Series in Paris, where he beat Marat Safin. Agassi ended 1999 as the world no. 1, ending Sampras's record of six consecutive year-ending top rankings (1993–1998). This was the only time Agassi ended the year at no. 1.
He began the next year by capturing his second Australian Open title, beating Sampras in a five-set semifinal and Yevgeny Kafelnikov in a four-set final. He was the first male player to have reached four consecutive Grand Slam finals since Rod Laver achieved the Grand Slam in 1969.[a] At the time, Agassi was also only the fourth player since Laver to be the reigning champion of three of four Grand Slam events, missing only the Wimbledon title.[b]. 2000 also saw Agassi reach the semifinals at Wimbledon, where he lost in five sets to Rafter in a match considered by many to be one of the best ever at Wimbledon. At the inaugural Tennis Masters Cup in Lisbon, Agassi reached the final after defeating Marat Safin in the semifinals to end the Russian's hopes to become the youngest world no. 1 in the history of tennis. Agassi then lost to Gustavo Kuerten in the final, allowing Kuerten to be crowned year-end world no. 1.
Agassi opened 2001 by successfully defending his Australian Open title with a straight-sets final win over Arnaud Clément. En route, he beat a cramping Rafter in five sets in front of a sell-out crowd in what turned out to be the Aussie's last Australian Open. At Wimbledon, they met again in the semifinals, where Agassi lost another close match to Rafter, 8–6 in the fifth set. In the quarterfinals at the US Open, Agassi lost a 3 hour, 33 minute epic match with Sampras, 7–6, 6–7, 6–7, 6–7, with no breaks of serve during the 52-game match. Despite the setback, Agassi finished 2001 ranked world no. 3, becoming the only male tennis player to finish a year ranked in the top 3 in three different decades (1980s, 1990s, 2000s). He also was the oldest player (age 31) to finish in the top three since 32-year old Connors finished at world no. 2 in 1984.
2002 opened with disappointment for Agassi, as injury forced him to skip the Australian Open, where he was a two-time defending champion. Agassi recovered from the injury and later that year defended his Key Biscayne title beating then rising Roger Federer in a four-set final. The last duel between Agassi and Sampras came in the final of the US Open, which Sampras won in four sets and left Sampras with a 20–14 edge in their 34 career meetings. The match was the last of Sampras's career. Agassi's US Open finish, along with his Masters Series victories in Key Biscayne, Rome and Madrid, helped him finish 2002 as the oldest year-end world no. 2 at 32 years and 8 months.
In 2003, Agassi won the eighth (and final) Grand Slam title of his career at the Australian Open, where he beat Rainer Schüttler in straight sets in the final. In March, he won his sixth career and third consecutive Key Biscayne title, in the process surpassing his wife, Steffi Graf, who was a five-time winner of the event. The final was his 18th straight win in that tournament, which broke the previous record of 17 set by Sampras from 1993–1995. (Agassi's winning streak continued to 20 after winning his first two matches at the 2004 edition of that tournament before bowing to Agustín Calleri.) With the victory, Agassi became the youngest (19 years old) and oldest (32) winner of the Key Biscayne tournament.
On 28 April 2003, he recaptured the world no. 1 ranking after a quarterfinal victory over Xavier Malisse at the Queen's Club Championships to become the oldest top-ranked male player since the ATP rankings began at 33 years and 13 days. He had held the world no. 1 ranking for two weeks, when Lleyton Hewitt took it back on 12 May 2003. Agassi then recaptured the world no. 1 ranking once again on 16 June 2003, which he held for 12 weeks until 7 September 2003. During his career, Agassi held the world no. 1 ranking for a total of 101 weeks. Agassi's ranking slipped when injuries forced him to withdraw from many events. He did manage to reach the US Open semifinals, where he lost to Juan Carlos Ferrero and surrendered his world no. 1 ranking to Ferrero. At the year-end Tennis Masters Cup, Agassi lost in the final to Federer and finished the year ranked world no. 4. At age 33, he was the oldest player to rank in the top 5 since Connors, at age 35, was world no. 4 in 1987.
2004–2006: Final years
In 2004, Agassi began the year with a five-set loss in the semifinals of the Australian Open to Marat Safin; the loss ended Agassi's 26-match winning streak at the event, a record that still stands. He won the Masters series event in Cincinnati to bring his career total to 59 top-level singles titles and a record 17 ATP Masters Series titles, having already won seven of the nine ATP Masters tournament—all except the tournaments in Monte Carlo and Hamburg. At 34, he became the second-oldest singles champion in Cincinnati tournament history (the tournament began in 1899), surpassed only by Ken Rosewall, who won the title in 1970 at age 35. He finished the year ranked world no. 8, the oldest player to finish in the top 10 since the 36-year-old Connors was world no. 7 in 1988. Agassi also became only the sixth male player during the open era to reach 800 career wins with his first-round victory over Alex Bogomolov in Countrywide Classic in Los Angeles.
Agassi's 2005 began with a quarterfinal loss to Federer at the Australian Open. Agassi had several other deep runs at tournaments, but had to withdraw from several events due to injury. He lost to Jarkko Nieminen in the first round of the French Open. He won his fourth title in Los Angeles and reached the final of the Rogers Cup, before falling to world no. 2 Rafael Nadal. On 25 July 2005 Agassi left Nike after 17 years and signed an endorsement deal with Adidas. A major reason for Agassi leaving Nike was because Nike refused to donate to Agassi's charities, and Adidas was more than happy to do so. On 13 May 2013 Agassi rejoined Nike.
Agassi's 2005 was defined by an improbable run to the US Open final. After beating Răzvan Sabău and Ivo Karlović in straight sets and Tomáš Berdych in four sets, Agassi won three consecutive five-set matches to advance to the final. The most notable of these matches was his quarterfinal victory over James Blake, where he rallied from two sets down to win 7–6 in the fifth set. His other five-set victims were Xavier Malisse in the fourth round and Robby Ginepri in the semifinals. In the final, Agassi faced Federer, who was seeking his second consecutive US Open title and his sixth Grand Slam title in two years. Federer defeated Agassi in four sets. Agassi finished 2005 ranked world no. 7, his 16th time in the year-end top-10 rankings, which tied Connors for the most times ranked in the top 10 at year's end.
Agassi had a poor start to 2006. He was still recovering from an ankle injury and also suffering from back and leg pain and lack of match play. Agassi withdrew from the Australian Open because of the ankle injury, and his back injury and other pains forced him to withdraw from several other events, eventually skipping the entire clay-court season, including the French Open. This caused his ranking to drop out of the top 10 for the last time. Agassi returned for the grass-court season, playing a tune-up, and then Wimbledon. He was defeated in the third round by world no. 2 (and eventual runner-up) Rafael Nadal. Against conventions, Agassi, the losing player, was interviewed on court after the match. At Wimbledon, Agassi announced his plans to retire following the US Open. Agassi played only two events during the summer hard-court season, with his best result being a quarterfinal loss at the Countrywide Classic in Los Angeles to Fernando González of Chile. As a result, he was unseeded at the US Open.
Agassi had a short, but dramatic, run in his final US Open. Because of extreme back pain, Agassi was forced to receive anti-inflammatory injections after every match. After a tough four-set win against Andrei Pavel, Agassi faced eighth-seeded Marcos Baghdatis in the second round, who had earlier advanced to the 2006 Australian Open final and Wimbledon semifinals. Agassi won in five tough sets as the younger Baghdatis succumbed to muscle cramping in the final set. In his last match, Agassi fell to 112th-ranked big-serving Benjamin Becker of Germany in four sets. Agassi received a four-minute standing ovation from the crowd after the match and delivered a retirement speech.
Agassi earned more than US$30 million in prize-money during his career, fifth only to Federer, Nadal, Djokovic and Sampras to date. He also earned more than US$25 million a year through endorsements during his career, fourth in all sports at the time.
Since retiring after the 2006 US Open, Agassi has participated in a series of charity tournaments and continues his work with his own charity. On 5 September 2007, he was a surprise guest commentator for the Andy Roddick/Roger Federer US Open quarter-final. He played an exhibition match at Wimbledon, teaming with his wife, Steffi Graf, to play with Tim Henman and Kim Clijsters. He played World Team Tennis for the Philadelphia Freedoms in the summer of 2009. At the 2009 French Open, Agassi was on hand to present Roger Federer, who completed his Career Grand Slam by winning the tournament and joined Agassi as one of six men to complete the Career Grand Slam, with the trophy.
Also in 2009 Agassi played at the Outback Champions Series event for the first time. He played the Cancer Treatment Centers of America Tennis Championships at Surprise, Arizona, where he reached the final before bowing to eventual champion Todd Martin. He also announced that he will not be playing the tour on a full-time basis, and played the tournament as a favor to long-time friend Jim Courier. Agassi returned to the tour renamed for the PowerShares Series in 2011 and participated in a total of seven events while winning two. Agassi beat Courier in the final of the Staples Champions Cup in Boston and later defeated Sampras at the CTCA Championships at his hometown Las Vegas.
In 2012 Agassi took part in five tournaments, winning three of those. In November, at first he won BILT Champions Showdown in San Jose, beating John McEnroe in the final. The following day, he defended his title of the CTCA Championships, while defeating Courier in the decisive match. In the series season finale, he beat Michael Chang for the Acura Champions Cup. The series and Agassi came back to action in 2014. Agassi won both tournaments he participated in. At the Camden Wealth Advisors Cup's final in Houston, Agassi beat James Blake for a rematch of their 2005 US Open quarterfinal. He defeated Blake again in Portland to win the title of the Cancer Treatment Centers of America Championships.
In 2009 in Macau Agassi and Sampras met for the first time on tennis court since the 2002 US Open final. Sampras won the exhibition in three sets. The rivalry between the former champions headlined sports media again in March 2010 after the two participated in the "Hit for Haiti" charity event organized to raise money for the victims of the earthquake. Partnered with Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal, the old rivals began making jokes on each other what ended up with Sampras intentionally striking a serve at Agassi's body. After the event Agassi admitted that he had crossed the line with his jokes and publicly apologized to Sampras. Agassi and Sampras met again one year later for an exhibition match at Madison Square Garden in New York in front of the 19 000 spectators as Sampras defeated Agassi in two sets. On 3 March 2014 Agassi and Sampras squared off for an exhibition in London for the annual World Tennis Day. That time it was Agassi who came out on top in two straight sets.
Early in his career, Agassi would look to end points quickly by playing first strike tennis, typically by inducing a weak return with a deep, hard shot, and then playing a winner at an extreme angle. His groundstrokes, return of serve, baseline game, phenomenal hand-eye coordination and keen sense of anticipation were always among the best in the game. On the rare occasion that he charged the net, Agassi liked to take the ball in the air and hit a swinging volley for the winner. His favored groundstroke was his flat, laser-accurate two-handed backhand, hit well cross-court but in particular down the line. His slightly spinnier forehand was nearly as strong, in particular his inside-out forehand to the ad court.
Agassi's strength was in dictating play from the back of the court. While he was growing up, his father and Nick Bollettieri trained him in this way. When in control of a point, Agassi would often pass up an opportunity to attempt a winner and hit a conservative shot to minimize his errors, and to make his opponent run more. This change to more methodical, less aggressive baseline play was largely initiated by his longtime coach, Brad Gilbert, in their first year together in 1994. Gilbert encouraged Agassi to wear out opponents with his deep, flat groundstrokes and to use his fitness to win attrition wars, and noted Agassi's two-handed backhand down the line as his very best shot.
Agassi's serve was never the strength of his game, but it improved steadily over the course of his career to being above average. He often used his hard slice serve to the deuce service box to send his opponent off the court, followed by a shot to the opposite corner. Agassi's service speed when hitting a flat first serve would range between 110 and 125 mph (177 and 201 km/h). His second serve usually was a heavy "kick" serve in the mid-80s range.[according to whom?]
Agassi was raised on hardcourts, but found much of his early major-tournament success on the red clay of Roland Garros, reaching two consecutive finals there early in his career. His first major win, was at the slick grass of Wimbledon in 1992, a tournament that he professed to hating at the time. His strongest surface over the course of his career, was indeed hardcourt, where he won six of his eight majors.
Relationships and family
In the early 90s Agassi dated American entertainer Barbra Streisand. Writing about the relationship in his 2009 autobiography, he said: We agree that we're good for each other, and so what if she's twenty-eight years older? We're simpatico, and the public outcry only adds spice to our connection. It makes our friendship feel forbidden, taboo – another piece of my overall rebellion. Dating Barbra Streisand is like wearing Hot Lava."
Agassi was married to Brooke Shields from 1997 to 1999.
He married Steffi Graf on 22 October 2001 at their Las Vegas home, Graf being advanced in her pregnancy. They have two children: son Jaden Gil (born 26 October 2001) and daughter Jaz Elle (born 3 October 2003). Agassi has said that he and Graf are not pushing their children toward becoming tennis players.
Long-time trainer Gil Reyes has been called one of Agassi's closest friends; some have described him as being a "father figure" to Agassi. In 2012, Agassi and Reyes introduced their own line of fitness equipment, BILT By Agassi and Reyes.
Agassi's autobiography, Open (written with assistance from J. R. Moehringer), was published in November 2009. In it, Agassi admitted that he used and tested positive for methamphetamine in 1997. In response to this revelation, Roger Federer declared himself shocked and disappointed, while Marat Safin argued that Agassi should return his prize money and be stripped of his titles. In an exclusive interview with CBS, Agassi justified himself and asked for understanding, saying that "It was a period in my life where I needed help." He also revealed that he had always hated tennis during his career because of the constant pressure it exerted on him. He also revealed he thought Pete Sampras was "robotic". The book reached No. 1 on the New York Times Best Seller list and received favorable reviews. It won the Autobiography category of the 2010 British Sports Book Awards.
Agassi has donated more than $100,000 to Democratic candidates. On 1 September 2010, when he appeared on daily WNYC public radio program "The Brian Lehrer Show," he stated that he is a registered Independent.
Agassi founded the Andre Agassi Charitable Association in 1994, which assists Las Vegas' young people. He was awarded the ATP Arthur Ashe Humanitarian award in 1995 for his efforts to help disadvantaged youth. He is regularly cited as the most charitable and socially involved player in professional tennis. It has also been claimed that he may be the most charitable athlete of his generation.
Agassi's charities help in assisting children reach their athletic potential. His Boys & Girls Club sees 2,000 children throughout the year and boasts a world-class junior tennis team. It also has a basketball program (the Agassi Stars) and a rigorous system that encourages a mix of academics and athletics.
In 2001, Agassi opened the Andre Agassi College Preparatory Academy in Las Vegas, a tuition-free charter school for at-risk children in the area. In 2009, the graduating class had 100 percent graduation rate and expected a 100 percent college acceptance rate. Among other child-related programs that Agassi supports through his Andre Agassi Charitable Foundation is Clark County's only residential facility for abused and neglected children, Child Haven. In 1997, Agassi donated funding to Child Haven for a six-room classroom building now named the Agassi Center for Education. His foundation also provided $720,000 to assist in the building of the Andre Agassi Cottage for Medically Fragile Children. This 20-bed facility opened in December 2001, and accommodates developmentally delayed or handicapped children and children quarantined for infectious diseases.
In 2007 Agassi, Muhammad Ali, Lance Armstrong, Warrick Dunn, Jeff Gordon, Mia Hamm, Tony Hawk, Andrea Jaeger, Jackie Joyner-Kersee, Mario Lemieux, Alonzo Mourning and Cal Ripken, Jr. founded the charity Athletes for Hope, which helps professional athletes get involved in charitable causes and aims to inspire all people to volunteer and support their communities.
Singles timeline overview
|Australian Open||NH||W||SF||4R||4R||W||W||W||SF||QF||48–5||4 / 9|
|French Open||2R||SF||3R||F||F||SF||2R||QF||2R||1R||W||2R||QF||QF||QF||1R||1R||51–16||1 / 17|
|Wimbledon||1R||QF||W||QF||4R||SF||1R||2R||F||SF||SF||2R||4R||3R||46–13||1 / 14|
|US Open||1R||1R||SF||SF||F||1R||QF||1R||W||F||SF||4R||4R||W||2R||QF||F||SF||QF||F||3R||79–19||2 / 21|
|Masters Cup||RR||RR||W||SF||SF||RR||RR||F||F||RR||RR||F||RR||22–20||1 / 13|
|Titles||0||1||6||1||4||2||3||2||5||7||3||0||5||5||1||4||5||4||1||1||0||60 / 343|
|Time span||Selected Grand Slam tournament records||Players matched|
|1990 YEC[c] —
1999 French Open
|Career "Super Slam"[d]||Stands alone|
|1992 Wimbledon —
1999 French Open
|Career Golden Slam||Rafael Nadal|
|1992 Wimbledon —
1999 French Open
|Career Grand Slam||Rod Laver
|1996 Olympics —
1999 US Open
|Simultaneous holder of Olympic singles gold medal and Majors on clay & hard court||Rafael Nadal|
|1996 Olympics —
2000 Australian Open
|Simultaneous holder of Olympic singles gold medal and 3 Majors||Rafael Nadal|
|Grand Slam tournaments||Time Span||Records at each Grand Slam tournament||Players matched|
|Australian Open||1995–2003||4 titles overall||Roger Federer
|Australian Open||2000–2004||26 consecutive match wins||Stands alone|
|Australian Open||1995–2005||88.89% (48–6) match winning percentage||Stands alone|
|Australian Open||2003||71.6% (121–48) games winning percentage in 1 tournament||Stands alone|
|US Open||1986–2006||21 consecutive tournaments played||Stands alone|
|Time span||Other selected records||Players matched|
|1988–2005||13 Year-End Championship[e] appearances||Stands alone|
|1986–2006||598 hard court match wins||Stands alone|
|1990–2003||6 Miami Masters titles||Stands alone|
|1995–2003||Oldest player ranked no. 1 (33 years 4 months)||Stands alone|
|1988–2005||Ended 16 years ranked inside the top 10||Jimmy Connors|
- In 1992, Agassi was named the BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year.
- In 2010, Sports Illustrated named Agassi the 7th greatest male player of all time.
- On 9 July 2011, Agassi was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame at a ceremony in Newport, Rhode Island.
- Wimbledon 2000 Semi-Final – Agassi vs. Rafter (2003) Starring: Andre Agassi, Patrick Rafter; Standing Room Only, DVD Release Date: 16 August 2005, Run Time: 213 minutes, OCLC 61774054.
- Charlie Rose with Andre Agassi (May 7, 2001) Charlie Rose, Inc., DVD Release Date: 15 August 2006, Run Time: 57 minutes.
- Wimbledon: The Record Breakers (2005) Starring: Andre Agassi, Boris Becker; Standing Room Only, DVD Release Date: 16 August 2005, Run Time: 52 minutes, OCLC 61658553.
- Andre Agassi Tennis for the SNES, Sega Genesis, Sega Game Gear, Master System, and Mobile phone
- Agassi Tennis Generation for PS2 and GBA
- Smash Court Pro Tournament for PS2
- Top Spin 4 (On cover of game) for Xbox 360, PlayStation 3 and Wii
- List of Grand Slam Men's Singles champions
- Sampras–Agassi rivalry
- Tennis male players statistics
- ATP World Tour records
- Tennis records of All Time - Men's Singles
- Tennis records of the Open Era – Men's Singles
- Roger Federer has since surpassed this feat, reaching ten consecutive Grand Slam finals from 2005–2007.
- Pete Sampras held the 1993 Wimbledon, 1993 US Open and 1994 Australian Open titles simultaneously. Jimmy Connors (1974), Roger Federer (2004, 2006 and 2007) and Novak Djokovic (2011) won those three Majors in the same year, although Connors' Grand Slam titles were all played on grass courts. Mats Wilander won all but Wimbledon in 1988 during his similar rise to the year-end world no. 1. Rafael Nadal won the French Open and Wimbledon "Channel Slam" (2008) and 2009 Australian Open, before replicating the Channel Slam alongside winning the US Open in 2010.
- Abbreviation for "Year-End Championship".
- A "Career Super Slam" entails winning all 4 Majors, the Year-End Championship and the Olympic gold medal in singles.
- Known as "Masters Grand Prix" (1970–1989), "ATP Tour World Championships" (1990–1999) and "Tennis Masters Cup" (2000–2008).
- Finn, Robin (July 10, 1993). "TENNIS; Agassi Has Streisand But Loses Bollettieri". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- "Bio:Andre Agassi". Biography Channel. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- "Top 10 Men's Tennis Players of All Time". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- Tennis Magazine: 40 Greatest Players. Tennis Magazine. December 2005.
- "Tennis's love affair with Agassi comes to an end". CBC Sports. Retrieved 15 May 2010.[dead link]
- Parsons, John (26 June 2002). "Grand-slammed". The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
- "Stars pay tribute to Agassi". BBC. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
- "Reed's shotmakers: Men's return of serve". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
- "Adjectives Tangled in the Net". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
- "Sampras, Agassi Have Just Begun to Fight" Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
- Atkin, Ronald (2 July 2006). "Don't Walk Away, Andre". The Independent (UK). Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Roger Federer gets his gold medal". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. 16 August 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Nadal Completes Career Grand Slam With US Open Title". ATP Tennis. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- "Singles winners from 1925 to 2005". Roland Garros. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Australian Open – Past Men's Singles Champions". Australian Open. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Jensen, Jeffry (2002) . Dawson, Dawn P, ed. Great Athletes 1 (Revised ed.). Salem Press. pp. 17–19. ISBN 1-58765-008-8.
- Jhabvala, Nick. "Tale of the Tape". Sports Illustrated. 2 November 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- Mehrotra, Abhishek. "Agassi: Last of the great Americans". ESPN Star. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "Nickometer: Popular nicknames in the world of sport". MSN Sport. 3 May 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- Calvert, Sean. "Australian Open Betting: The best finals ever". Betfair. 10 January 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "Andre Agassi Foundation For Education". Archived from the original on 24 December 2010. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Tribute to a legend: Andre Agassi Charitable Foundation". ATP Tour, Inc. Retrieved 15 February 2007.
- "Homepage of". Andre Agassi Preparatory Academy. Archived from the original on 25 February 2007. Retrieved 15 February 2007.
- "Andre Agassi Biography". Netglimpse.com. Archived from the original on 11 September 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2007.
- "Bio:Andre Agassi". Persian Mirror. Archived from the original on 23 May 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- "400 ASSYRIAN ATHLETES IN THE STATE OLYMPICS". ZENDA renamed Zinda Magazine in 1999. 28 August 1995. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Andre Agassi Profile". Peopleandprofiles.com. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- Aramaic (Assyrian/Syriac) dictionary. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "The man behind Andre". Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Andre Agassi". PersianMirror. PersianMirror. 2004. Archived from the original on 23 May 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2009.[dead link]
- Howard, Chris (14 January 2014). "Column: Q&A with Rita Agassi; a tennis life and journey". The Daily Courier. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- Agassi, Andre (2010). Open: An Autobiography. London: Vintage. pp. 50–53. ISBN 978-0-307-38840-7.
- "Coming Into Focus". Gary Smith for Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2007.
- McGrath, Charles (12 November 2009). "A Team, but Watch How You Put It". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 15 April 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- "Tennis28-Bio:Andre Agassi". Tennis28. Retrieved 12 June 2009.
- Andre Agassi – Biography
- "Teen Nadal gives Spain reign over French Open". Associated Press (USA Today). 5 June 2006. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
- "Agassi makes a big splash in white on Centre Court". Baltimore The Sun. 28 June 1991.
- "On the Grass at Wimbledon, Agassi Finally Hits Pay Dirt". NY Times. 6 July 1992.
- "Andre Agassi book says he used crystal meth". ESPN. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
- "Agassi admits use of crystal meth". BBC News. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- Andre Agassi interview. The Ellen DeGeneres Show. 19 November 2009.
- "Andre Agassi player profile". Atptennis.com. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Classic Matches: Rafter v Agassi". BBC Sport. 31 May 2004. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
- "Believe the hype". Sports Illustrated. 6 September 2001. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Unbreakable". Sports Illustrated. 6 September 2001. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "SportsLine:Andre Agassi". Sportsline. 2006. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Weeks at Number One". TennisCorner.net. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Darren Rovell (25 July 2005). "Agassi signs Adidas deal after long-term deal with Nike". ESPN. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Andre Agassi re-signs with Nike: A look back at his memorable commercials". Sports Illustrated. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- Brittany Shelton (13 May 2013). "Andre Asassi Rejoins Nike". NiceKicks. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "Back Home: Andre Agassi Returns To Nike After Eight Years With Adidas". Street & Smith. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "Upsetting day: Agassi, then Roddick ousted". NBC Sports. Associated Press. 1 June 2006. Archived from the original on 5 November 2007. Retrieved 27 October 2007.
- "Forbes:Andre Agassi". Forbes. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Andre Agassi Will Play WTT SI.com, 1 March 2009
- Roger Federer beats Robin Soderling to win French Open tennis | Sport | guardian.co.uk
- "Champions Series Tennis – Arizona 2009". 2009. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Agassi reaches Outback Champions Series final". CBS Sports. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Agassi thrills the crowd and wins Staples Champions Cup". PowerShares Series. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Hometown crowd lifts Agassi to victory in Las Vegas". PowerShares Series. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Agassi Defeats McEnroe To Win San Jose Powershares Series Event". PowerShares Series. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Agassi Beats McEnroe And Courier To Capture Home Town Victory In Las Vegas". PowerShares Series. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Agassi Wins Final Powershares Event Of The Season". PowerShares Series. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "In Reprise of 2005 U.S. Open Epic, Andre Agassi Beats James Blake to Win". PowerShares Series. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Agassi Ends Blake Run with PowerShares Series Title in Portland". PowerShares Series. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Sampras beats Agassi in Macau exhibition". NDTV Sports. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Andre Agassi apologises for mocking Pete Sampras in charity match". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Agassi and Sampras Meet a Year After Flare-Up". New York Times. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "World Tennis Day Exhibition Showdown Results From Hong Kong, London and New York". SteveG Tennis. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- Nick Bollettieri. "Building the Agassi Backhand". tennisplayer.net. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
- Open: Andre Agassi HarpersCollins 2009
- Knolle, Sharon. "Andre Agassi and Steffi Graf Wed". Abcnews.go.com. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Tennis: Agassi taking different tact with fatherhood," The New Zealand Herald, 25 January 2013
- "Father Knew Best". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Peter Bodo Blog: Papa Gil". Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Andre Agassi and Trainer Introduce Their Personalized Fitness Equipment to the Public". ThePostGame.com. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
- Alliance Sports Management v. Stephanie Graf Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 23 October 2009.
- "Ex-manager for Agassi sues Graf" Las Vegas Review-Journal 7 December 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2009.
- "Agassi Basks in His Own Spotlight" by Janet Malin New York Times 8 November 2009. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
- Vinton, Nathaniel (27 October 2009). "Andre Agassi admits to using crystal meth in forthcoming autobiography". Daily News (New York).
- "Andre Agassi Admits to Using Crystal Meth". 27 October 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "TENNIS, FEDERER: DELUSO E SCIOCCATO DA AGASSI" (in Italian).
- "Marat Safin tells Andre Agassi to relinquish titles after drug admission". The Guardian (London). 10 November 2009.
- "Agassi: "Ora chiedo comprensione". Droga, ex tennista si giustifica in tv" (in Italian). Sport-Mediaset. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- Jeffries, Stuart (29 October 2009). "Why did Andre Agassi hate tennis?". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- Schuessler, Jennifer (29 November 2009). "Hardcover Nonfiction". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- "Jacket Copy". The Los Angeles Times. 20 November 2009.
- Simon Briggs (12 March 2010). "Andre Agassi's 'Open' wins at the British Sports Book Awards. Pity about the gloopy speech". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 26 November 2012.
- "Andre Agassi's Federal Campaign Contribution Report". NewsMeat. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Andre Agassi: Net Effects". "The Brian Lehrer Show". Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Sportsman/Person of the Year". Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- "Andre Agassi College Preparatory Academy". Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
- Smith, Karen (23 September 2009). "College of Westchester – CW President's Blog". Cw.edu. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Andre Agassi". Athlete.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "History". Athletes for Hope.
- "Nadal Captures U.S. Open To Complete Career Grand Slam". The Sports Network (TSN). 14 September 2010. Retrieved 12 June 2012. "Nadal...also owns an Olympic gold medal, which makes him one of only two men to corral the career Golden Slam, with the great Agassi being the other."
- Finn, Robin (7 June 1999). "Agassi Revival Reaches a Peak In French Open". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- "US Open Singles Record Book". US Open. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
- "FedEx ATP Reliability Index – Winning percentage on Hard". ATP World Tour. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Sony Open – Records and Stats". Sony Open Tennis. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
- Buddell, James (16 July 2012). "Federer Rises Above". London: ATP World Tour. Retrieved 16 July 2012. "Andre Agassi, who remains the oldest player to have been no. 1 in the South African Airways ATP Rankings, at 33 years and 131 days in 2003, proved to be a great inspiration."
- Andre Agassi Tennis at MobyGames
- Agassi, Mike; Cobello, Dominic; Welsh, Kate (2004). The Agassi Story. Toronto: ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-55022-656-0.
- Andre Agassi (2010). Open: An Autobiography (Vintage). London: Vintage. ISBN 0-307-38840-9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Andre Agassi.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Andre Agassi|
- Andre Agassi at the Association of Tennis Professionals
- Andre Agassi at the International Tennis Federation
- Andre Agassi at the Davis Cup
- Works by or about Andre Agassi in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Player profile at TheTennisChannel.com
- The Andre Agassi Charitable Foundation
- For Agassi, it's substance over style, 2004
- Farewell to Tennis Speech at the U.S. Open
- Agassi's Tennis Hall of Fame Induction for Steffi Graf
- Andre Agassi at the Internet Movie Database