Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo
|His Eminence Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo|
|Cardinal-Archpriest Emeritus of the Saint Paul Outside-the-Walls Basilica|
|Church||Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls|
|Appointed||31 May 2005|
|Reign ended||3 July 2009|
|Ordination||13 March 1954
by Luigi Traglia
|Consecration||4 June 1977
by Jean-Marie Villot
|Created Cardinal||24 March 2006|
|Rank||Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Portico|
|Birth name||Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo|
27 August 1925 |
|Alma mater||Pontifical Lateran University, Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Pontifical Gregorian University|
|Coat of arms|
Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo (born 27 August 1925) is an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic church. He was archpriest of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls from 2005 to 2009.
His father was among the victims of the massacre of the Fosse Ardeatine, carried out on the outskirts of Nazi-occupied Rome in 1944. He and his sister Adriana have, on several occasions, been conspicuous for their forgiveness of the perpetrators, notably Erich Priebke.
Studies and priesthood 
He studied in Turin and Rome and fought in World War II. After the war, he pursued higher studies in architecture and was a professional and academic. He later discerned his vocation to the priesthood and pursued studies in theology and philosophy at the Pontifical Gregorian University. He also studied at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy and obtained a doctorate in canon law from the Pontifical Lateran University.
Service of the Holy See 
In 1976 he was appointed Secretary of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace in the Roman Curia. On 5 April 1977 he was appointed Titular Archbishop of Pandosia and Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to Papua New Guinea and Apostolic Delegate to the Solomon Islands. On 25 October 1980 he was transferred as Apostolic Nuncio to Nicaragua and Honduras, and on 1 April 1986 to Uruguay.
On 28 April 1990 he became Apostolic Delegate to Jerusalem and Palestine and, one month later, also Pro-Nuncio to Cyprus. During this appointment, he secured the agreement in 1993 of the government of Israel to the Fundamental Agreement between the Holy See and the State of Israel, which paved the way for setting up full diplomatic relations, so that he became the first Nuncio to Israel. In 1999 then-Archbishop Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic. His final diplomatic posting was as Nuncio to Italy and San Marino, to which he was appointed on 17 April 2001.
In 2005 he designed the coat of arms of Pope Benedict XVI and shortly afterwards, on 31 May 2005, was named Archpriest of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls. As Archpriest, he carried out, with the assistance of the Benedictine Monks of the Abbey of Saint Paul, important architectural work and restoration for the benefit of the local faithful and the pilgrims who come to the Basilica from various parts of the world.
Pope Benedict XVI made him a cardinal in the consistory of 24 March 2006, as Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Portico. As Cardinal Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo was over eighty years of age, and therefore ineligible to vote in a conclave.
Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Santa Maria in Portico|
On 3 July 2009 Cardinal Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo was replaced as Archpriest of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls by Archbishop Francesco Monterisi, formerly secretary of the Congregation for Bishops.
In a 2013 interview Cardinal Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo says that Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI needs a new coat of arms now that he is no longer the pontiff. “The problem now is whether the Pope Emeritus can keep that same coat of arms or not,”. “And as a person who has always dedicated himself to this, I say ‘no,’”. He has drawn up a new coat of arms, which he believes could be used now by the former pontiff. He moved the big keys of Saint Peter from the back of the coat of arms to the top part of the shield and made them much smaller. “But this is only a proposal, it isn’t official,” Cardinal Lanza di Montezemolo qualified.
|Catholic Church titles|
|First||Apostolic Nuncio to Israel
19 January 1994 – 7 March 1998
|Apostolic Nuncio to Italy and San Marino
7 March 1998 – 17 April 2001
|First||Archpriest of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls
31 May 2005 – 3 July 2009