Andreaea

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Andreaea
Andreaea rupestris (a, 141109-472338) 9773.JPG
Andreaea rupestris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Bryophyta
Class: Andreaeopsida
Subclass: Andreaeidae
Order: Andreaeales
Family: Andreaeaceae
Dumort.
Genus: Andreaea
Hedw.
Morphology of Andreaea rupestris

Andreaea is a genus of rock mosses described as a genus in 1801.[1][2][3]

They are small, delicate acrocarpous mosses (meaning that the capsules are formed at the tips of vertical branches) that form dark brown or reddish cushions on wet siliceous rocks in mountainous areas. The capsule lacks the peristome teeth and operculum of other mosses, and opens by splitting along 4 vertical slits, the four valves remaining joined at the base and apex. The capsule of Andreaea has no seta, but the sporophyte (Spf in the diagram below) instead is supported by a pseudopodium (ps) derived from gametophyte tissue, as in Sphagnum and the columella is enclosed within the sporangium. The spores germinate to give thalloid protonemata.[4][5][6][7][8]

Species[9]
  1. Andreaea acuminata - Tasmania
  2. Andreaea acutifolia - Tasmania, New Zealand, Hawaii, Colombia, Chile, Bolivia
  3. Andreaea alpina - Greenland, Lesotho, South Africa, Chile, Norway, Scotland
  4. Andreaea amblyophylla - Australia
  5. Andreaea angustata - Switzerland, Austria, Bavaria
  6. Andreaea angustifolia - Bolivia
  7. Andreaea apiculata - New Zealand
  8. Andreaea appendiculata
  9. Andreaea arachnoidea - Bolivia
  10. Andreaea aterrima - Bismarck Is
  11. Andreaea atlantica - Tristan da Cunha
  12. Andreaea australis - Australia, New Zealand
  13. Andreaea barbuloides - Bolivia
  14. Andreaea bistratosa - South Africa
  15. Andreaea blyttii - northern Europe, Siberia, Canada, Greenland, USA (AK WA OR CA)
  16. Andreaea borbonica - Réunion
  17. Andreaea brevifolia - Patagonia
  18. Andreaea brevipes - Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia
  19. Andreaea camerunensis - Cameroon
  20. Andreaea clavata - Bolivia, Peru
  21. Andreaea cockaynei - New Zealand
  22. Andreaea cucullata - Kenya, Tanzania
  23. Andreaea densifolia - China
  24. Andreaea depressinervis - Antarctica
  25. Andreaea dissitifolia - Bolivia
  26. Andreaea erythrodictyon - Bolivia
  27. Andreaea eximia - Tasmania
  28. Andreaea filiformis - Chukchi Peninsula
  29. Andreaea firma - central Africa
  30. Andreaea flabellata - Tasmania
  31. Andreaea flexuosa - New Zealand
  32. Andreaea fragilis - Antarctica, Patagonia
  33. Andreaea frigida - Europe
  34. Andreaea fuegiana - Tierra del Fuego, Poland
  35. Andreaea gainii - Antarctica
  36. Andreaea gibbosa - New Zealand
  37. Andreaea grimmioides - Tierra del Fuego
  38. Andreaea grimsulana - New Zealand
  39. Andreaea hamulata - Brazil
  40. Andreaea hartmanii - Alaska, Siberia, Scandinavia
  41. Andreaea heinemannii - USA (AK OR CA CO), Canada (BC YT), Europe, Asia, Canary, Kerguelen, Madeira
  42. Andreaea huttonii - New Zealand
  43. Andreaea indica - India
  44. Andreaea javanica - Java
  45. Andreaea karsteniana - high Andes
  46. Andreaea kilimandscharica - Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Uganda
  47. Andreaea kinabaluensis - Sabah
  48. Andreaea laticuspis - Bolivia
  49. Andreaea latinervis - Tierra del Fuego
  50. Andreaea laxifolia - Hermite Is, Falkland Is, Campbell I, Auckland Is
  51. Andreaea leiophylla - Tierra del Fuego
  52. Andreaea lorentziana - Antarctica, Patagonia
  53. Andreaea marginata - Hermite Is, Kerguelen
  54. Andreaea megistospora - AK BC WA UK Ireland Norway
  55. Andreaea microphylla - Minas Gerais
  56. Andreaea microvaginata - Australia
  57. Andreaea mildbraedii - central Africa
  58. Andreaea mitchellii - New Zealand
  59. Andreaea morrisonensis - China
  60. Andreaea mutabilis - Falkland IS, Campbell I, Auckland Is, Argentina, BC
  61. Andreaea nana - Bismarck Is
  62. Andreaea naumannii - Bismarck Is
  63. Andreaea nitida - Auckland Is
  64. Andreaea nivalis - Greenland, Canada (NL YT BC), USA (AK WA OR CA), Europe, Russia, Japan
  65. Andreaea novae-zealandiae - New Zealand
  66. Andreaea novoguinensis - Papua New Guinea
  67. Andreaea obovata - Canada, Greenland, Alaska, Central Africa
  68. Andreaea obtusissima - New Zealand
  69. Andreaea opaca - Europe
  70. Andreaea pachyphylla - Tierra del Fuego
  71. Andreaea parallela - Bismarck Is
  72. Andreaea patagonica - Antarctica, Tierra del Fuego
  73. Andreaea peruviana - Peru
  74. Andreaea pilifera - Antarctica, Tierra del Fuego
  75. Andreaea planinervia - Europe
  76. Andreaea pseudomutabilis - Antarctica, Tierra del Fuego
  77. Andreaea purpurascens - Europe
  78. Andreaea regularis - Antarctica, South Georgia, Bolivia
  79. Andreaea remotifolia - Antarctica
  80. Andreaea rigida - India
  81. Andreaea robusta - Bolivia
  82. Andreaea rothii - Europe, North America
  83. Andreaea rupestris - Europe, Greenland, Alaska, Canada (Nun Que)
  84. Andreaea schofieldiana - CA BC
  85. Andreaea semisquarrosa - Antarctica, Tierra del Fuego
  86. Andreaea seriata - Europe
  87. Andreaea sinuosa - Europe BC Alaska
  88. Andreaea sparsifolia - Scandinavia
  89. Andreaea spurioalpina - Rio de Janeiro
  90. Andreaea squamata - Bismarck Is
  91. Andreaea squarrifolia - Tristan da Cunha
  92. Andreaea squarrosa - Bolivia
  93. Andreaea squarrosofiliformis - Minas Gerais
  94. Andreaea striata - Bolivia, Brazil
  95. Andreaea subappendiculata - Bismarck Is
  96. Andreaea subremotifolia - Antarctica
  97. Andreaea subulata - Hermite Is, Falkland Is
  98. Andreaea taiwanensis - Taiwan
  99. Andreaea tsaratananae - Madagascar, Réunion
  100. Andreaea tunariensis - Bolivia
  101. Andreaea turgescens - Costa Rica
  102. Andreaea urophylla - Ecuador
  103. Andreaea vaginalis - Antarctica
  104. Andreaea vilocensis - Bolivia
  105. Andreaea viridis - Antarctica
  106. Andreaea vulcanica
  107. Andreaea wangiana - Yunnan, Sichuan, Tibet
  108. Andreaea willii - South Georgia
  109. Andreaea wilsonii - Campbell I, Auckland Is

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hedwig, Johann. 1801. Species Muscorum Frondosorum 47-49 in Latin
  2. ^ Tropicos, Andreaea Hedw.
  3. ^ Flora of North America, Vol. 27 Page 102, Andreaea Hedwig
  4. ^ Abramov, I. I. & A. L. Abramova. 1983. Konspekt flor'i mhov Mongol'skoj Narodnoj Respubliki. Biologiceskie Resursy i Prirodnye Uslovija Mongol'skoj Narodnoj Respubliki 17. 221 pp.
  5. ^ Florschütz-de Waard, J. & P. A. Florschütz. 1979. Estudios sobre criptógamas Colombianas III. Lista comentada de los musgos de Colombia. Bryologist 82: 215–259
  6. ^ Kis, G. 1985. Mosses of South-East Tropical Africa, an annotated list with distributional data 170 pp. Institute of Ecology and Botany of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Vácrátót
  7. ^ Mahú, M. 1979. Familias y géneros de musgos Chilenos. Bryologist 82: 513–524
  8. ^ Greene, D. M. 1986. Conspectus of the Mosses of Antarctica, South Georgia, the Falkland Islands and Southern South America, 314 pp. British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge
  9. ^ The Plant List, search for Andreaea

External links[edit]

  • Zander, Richard H. 2007. Bryophyte Flora of North America: Andreaeaceae
  • Universidad Complutense de Madrid. MUSGOS - Biodiversidad y Taxonomía de Plantas Criptógamas: [1]