Andreanof Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Location of Andreanof Islands in the Aleutian Islands archipelago, Alaska.

The Andreanof Islands (Aleut: Niiĝuĝin tanangis[1]) are a group of islands in the Aleutian Islands, in southwestern Alaska. They are located at about 57° North and 172°57' to 179°09' West.

Geography[edit]

The Andreanof Islands are located between Amchitka Pass and the Rat Islands group to the west, and Amukta Pass and the Islands of Four Mountains group to the east. The islands extend about 275 miles (440 km). The total land area of all islands (including the Delarof Islands) is 1,515.349 sq mi (3,924.737 km²).

The total population was 412 persons as of the 2000 census, the vast majority in the city of Adak on Adak Island.

Map of the Andreanof Islands.

Islands[edit]

The Delarof Islands, a subgroup of and westernmost islands of the Andreanof Islands group.

The largest islands in the group are, from west to east, Gareloi Island, Tanaga Island, Kanaga, Adak Island, Kagalaska Island, Great Sitkin Island, Atka Island, Amlia, and Seguam Island.

The islands are usually foggy and are treeless because of the almost constant wind.

The islands are particularly prone to earthquakes, often many with a magnitude of over 3 on the Richter scale occur each day.

History[edit]

The Andreanof Islands were named for the Russian navigator, Andreyan Tolstykh, who was the first to explore the islands in 1761.

There were several United States military bases on the islands during World War II. The bases on Adak were enlarged and made permanent after the war but were closed in 1995.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bergsland, K. (1994). Aleut Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center. 

Coordinates: 51°52′22″N 176°11′44″W / 51.87278°N 176.19556°W / 51.87278; -176.19556