Andreas Angelus

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Epitaph of Andreas Angelus in St. Mary's Church in Strausberg

Andreas Angelus (16 November 1561–9 August 1598; born Andreas Engel) was a clergyman, teacher and government inspector, known for his chronicles of the history of the Mark Brandenburg, Germany.

Biography[edit]

Angelus was born Andreas Engel in Strausberg, the son of Gregorius Engel, a member of the town council. At the early age of 12 he was admitted to the Alma Mater Viadrina, the university of Frankfurt an der Oder (now the Viadrina European University). His family died in 1575 of the plague, after which he left Brandenburg; he is recorded in 1577 as a pupil of the Marienstiftsgymnasium in Stettin. Later he lived for some time in Holstein where he wrote a chronicle of Holstein. From about 1580 he can be traced once again in Brandenburg, in various educational posts: conrector and cantor in Strausberg from 1582; rector in Strausberg 1584-1586; conrector in the Neustadt of Brandenburg an der Havel 1586-87; also as a teacher in the Franciscans' school in Berlin (now the Berlinisches Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster).

On 14 September 1592 he married Sabina, eldest daughter of Jacob Colerus, provost of the church of St. Nicholas in Berlin, and in the same year was made pastor (and inspector) in his birthplace Strausberg.

From this time he started to write his three works on the history of the Mark Brandenburg, which, although they had Latin titles, were completely written in German. His principal work in manuscript was a comprehensive history under the working title "Marchia". In about 1593 the first published volume drawn from this work appeared under the title "Rerum Marchicarum Breviarum", and two years later a further volume entitled "Annales Marchiae Brandenburgicae". Angelus cites some 200 printed works and a further 20 or so which at that time were available only in manuscript. He planned a third volume to complete the published history, but the manuscript of the third part was burnt by his widow after his death, apparently because of some sort of financial dispute.

Angelus died on 9 August 1598 in Strausberg of the plague.

Published works[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Reschke, Wolfgang, 2004: Der märkische Chronist und Pfarrer, Andreas Engel, genannt Angelus in 750 Jahre St. Marien zu Strausberg. Strausberg: Freundeskreis St. Marien zu Strausberg e.V.
  • Ribbe, Wolfgang, 1971: Die Aufzeichnungen des Engelbert Wusterwitz. Überlieferung, Edition und Interpretation einer spätmittelalterlichen Quelle zur Geschichte der Mark Brandenburg. Berlin: Colloquium-Verlag ISBN 3-7678-0338-0 (also a dissertation, FU Berlin 1971).
  • Walther, Philipp: Andreas Engel in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 1, pp. 456ff, Band 1. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1875
  • Catalogue of the Deutschen Nationalbibliothek: Biographical summary (German)