Andreas Eudaemon-Joannis

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Andreas Eudaemon-Joannis (1566–1625)[1] was a Greek Jesuit, natural philosopher and controversialist. He was sometimes known as Cydonius.[2]

Life[edit]

He entered the Society of Jesus in 1581, in Italy.[3] He was at the Collegio Romano, where in 1597–8 he lectured on the Physics and other works of Aristotle; he wrote himself on projectile motion. He was at Padua from 1601,[1] where he discussed the “ship’s mast experiment” (see Galileo's ship) with Galileo Galilei.[4][5] This meeting was before 1606.[3]

Eudaemon-Joannis took a deathbed statement from Bellarmine in 1621.[6] He became rector of the Greek College, Rome in 1622.[1] He was theologian and advisor to Cardinal Francesco Barberini who went on a mission as legate to Paris in 1624/5. An unpopular insistence on the formalities was attributed to him, at a time of tension between the Jesuits and the French Catholic Church.[7] He died in Rome, on 24 December 1625.[3]

Works[edit]

He defended Robert Bellarmine, in particular, against English attacks over the allegiance oath of James I. One work was directed against Edward Coke, continuing a defence of Henry Garnet.[8] The pamphlet war drew in Isaac Casaubon, and Eudaemon-Joannis was attacked by name by John Prideaux.[9]

Eudaemon-Joannis was sometimes considered to be a pseudonym in this debate, for example for Scioppius;[10] or for the French Jesuit Jean L'Heureux, something repeated in the Criminal Trials of David Jardine in the 19th century.[11][12][13] A 1625 work, the Admonitio attacking Louis XIII, that appeared under the pseudonym G.G.R., has been attributed both to Eudaemon-Joannis and to Jacob Keller.[14] Cardinal Richelieu believed Eudaemon-Joannis to be the author; Carolus Scribani was another suspect, and François Garasse was questioned, as part of the struggle of Gallicanism against the Jesuits.[15]

  • Adversus Roberti Abb. Oxoniensis de Antichristo sophismata (1609)
  • Ad actionem proditoriam Edouardi Coqui, apologia pro R.P. Henrico Garneto (1610)
  • Confutatio Anti-Cotoni (1611)
  • Parallelus Torti ac Tortoris (1611), against Lancelot Andrewes on behalf of Bellarmine.[16]
  • Castigatio Apocalypsis apocalypeos Th. Breghtmanni (1611); against Thomas Brightman.[17]
  • Responsio ad epistolam Isaaci Casauboni; attack on Casaubon and reply to his letter to Fronto Ducaeus.[16] It alleged Casaubon wrote on behalf of James I for money.[18]
  • Epistola monitoria, ad Ioannem Barclaium (1613); against John Barclay, who had written in defence of his father William Barclay's De potestate papae.[19]
  • Epistola ad amicum Gallum super dissertatione politica Leidhresseri (1613); a reply to Desiderius Heraldus (Didier Hérault or Hérauld) writing as David Leidhresserus.[20][21]
  • Refutatio exercitationum Isaaci Casauboni libris duobus comprehensa (1617)
  • Defensio annalium ecclesiasticorum Caesaris Baronii (1617)
  • Admonitio ad lectores librorum M. Antonii de dominis (1619)
  • Excerpta ex litteris de pio obitu Rob. cardinalis Bellarmini (1621)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (Spanish) Charles E. O'Neill, Diccionario histórico de la Compañía de Jesús: biográfico-temático p. 1343; Google Books.
  2. ^ WorldCat page
  3. ^ a b c Stillman Drake, Galileo at Work: His Scientific Biography (2003), p. 447; Google Books.
  4. ^ Mordechai Feingold (editor), Jesuit Science and the Republic of Letters (2003), p. 107; Google Books.
  5. ^ John W. O'Malley (editor), The Jesuits II: cultures, sciences, and the arts, 1540-1773, Volume 2 (2006), p. 326; Google Books.
  6. ^ Rivka Feldhay, Galileo and the Church: political inquisition or critical dialogue? (1995), p. 44; Google Books.
  7. ^ Anthony D. Wright, The Divisions of French Catholicism, 1629-1645: The Parting of the Ways (2011), p. 146; Google Books.
  8. ^ W. B. Patterson, King James VI and I and the Reunion of Christendom (2000), p. 102.
  9. ^ Castigatio cujusdam Circulatoris, qui R. P. Andream Eudaemon-Johannem Cydonium e Societate Jesu seipsum nuncupat . . . Opposita ipsius calumniis in Epistolam J. Casauboni ad Frontonem Ducæum, Oxford, 1614.  "Prideaux, John (1578-1650)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  10. ^ Deutsches Pseudonymen-Lexikon (1906)
  11. ^ Lexicon pseudonymorum (1886)
  12. ^ 1911 Britannica article "Henry Garnet"
  13. ^ David Jardine, Criminal Trials, Volume 2, Part 1 (1835), p. 365; Google Books.
  14. ^ (French) Joseph Michaud , Louis Gabriel Michaud, Biographie universelle (1815), p. 462; Google Books.
  15. ^ Ludwig Pastor, The History of the Popes vol. 28 (1891 translation), p. 91; archive.org
  16. ^ a b Charles Howard McIlwain, The Political Works of James I (2002), p. lxvi; Google Books.
  17. ^ de:Die Offenbarung Johannis/Die englischen Kommentatoren
  18. ^ Considine, John. "Casaubon, Isaac". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4851.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  19. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "John Barclay". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 
  20. ^ Biographie universelle (Supplement), article on Hérauld.
  21. ^ Jean Baptiste Joseph Boulliot, Biographie ardennaise Volume 2 (1830), p. 40; Google Books.

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