Andreas Feininger

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"The Photojournalist", showing the photojournalist Dennis Stock, may be Feininger's best-known photograph; he took it for Life in 1951.
View along US 40 in Mount Vernon Canyon, Colorado, 1942, a photograph taken when Feininger was an employee of the Office of War Information (OWI)
Creede, Colorado in 1942, another OWI photograph by Feininger

Andreas Bernhard Lyonel Feininger (27 December 1906 – 18 February 1999) was an American photographer and a writer on photographic technique. He was noted for his dynamic black-and-white scenes of Manhattan and for studies of the structures of natural objects.

Biography[edit]

Feininger was born in Paris, France, to Julia Berg and Lyonel Feininger, an American of German origin. A painter, his father was born in New York City, in 1871.[1] His great-grandfather emigrated from Durlach, Baden, in Germany, to the United States in 1848. His younger brother was the painter T. Lux Feininger (1910–2011), who began his professional career as a photographer.[2]

Feininger grew up and was educated as an architect in Germany, where his father painted and taught, at Staatliches Bauhaus. In 1936, he gave up architecture and moved to Sweden, where he focused on photography. In advance of World War II, in 1939, Feininger immigrated to the U.S. where he established himself as a freelance photographer. In 1943 he joined the staff of Life magazine, an association that lasted until 1962.

Feininger became famous for his photographs of New York. Other frequent subjects among his works were science and nature, as seen in bones, shells, plants, and minerals in the images of which he often stressed their structure. Rarely did he photograph people or make portraits.

Feininger wrote comprehensive manuals about photography, of which the best known is The Complete Photographer. In the introduction to one of Feininger's books of photographs, Ralph Hattersley, the editor of the photography journal Infinity, described him as "one of the great architects who helped create photography as we know it today." In 1966, the American Society of Media Photographers (ASMP) awarded Feininger its highest distinction, the Robert Leavitt Award. In 1991, the International Center of Photography awarded Feininger the Infinity Lifetime Achievement Award.

Today, Feininger's photographs are in the permanent collections of the Center for Creative Photography, the Museum of Modern Art, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Gallery of Art, London's Victoria and Albert Museum, and the George Eastman House in Rochester, New York.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Menschen vor der Kamera. Ein Lehrbuch moderner Bildnisfotografie. Halle: Dr. Walther Heering Verlag, 1934. About portrait photography.
  • Vergrössern leicht gemacht. Harzburg: Dr. Walther Heering Verlag, 1935.
  • Selbst Entwickeln und Kopieren. Harzburg: Dr. Walther Heering Verlag, 1935.
  • Aufnahme-Technik. Die Harzburg-Reihe, 13. Harzburg: Dr. Walther Heering Verlag, 1936.
  • Stockholm. Stockholm: A. Bonnier, 1936. In Swedish and English.
  • Entwickeln, Kopieren, Vergrössern. Harzburg: Dr. Walther Heering Verlag, 1936.
  • Fotografische Gestaltung. Harzburg: Dr. Walther Heering Verlag, 1937.
  • Hyresgästernas sparkasse- och byggnadsförening. Stockholm: Hyresgästernas Förlags A.-B., 1937. About HSB; in Swedish.
  • Motive im Gegenlicht. Harzburg: Dr. Walther Heering Verlag, 1939.
  • Exakta - Ein Weg zu Foto-Neuland. Halle: Isert, 1939. On the Exakta camera.
    • Les Horizons nouveaux de la photographie avec l'Exakta. Halle: Isert, 1940. French translation.
  • New Paths in Photography. Boston, American Photographic Pub. Co., 1939. London: Chapman & Hall, 1939.
  • Hedenhös och medeltid. Forna dagars Sverige. Copenhagen, 1941. By Feininger and Gustaf Näsström.
  • Vasatid och karolinsk tid. Forna dagars Sverige. Copenhagen, 1941. By Feininger and Gustaf Näsström.
  • Frihetstid och Gustaviansk tid. Forna dagars Sverige. Copenhagen, 1941. By Feininger and Gustaf Näsström.
  • New York. Chicago: Ziff-Davis, 1945. Introduction by John Erskine, text by Jacquelyn Judge.
  • The Twin-Lens Camera Companion. London: Focal Press, 1948. By Henry Swinsbury, with a contribution by Feininger. On twin-lens reflex cameras.
  • Feininger on Photography. Chicago: Ziff-Davis, 1949. New York: Crown, 1953.
  • Advanced Photography, Methods and Conclusions. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1952.
  • The Face of New York: The City as It Was and as It Is. New York: Crown, 1954. Text by Susan E. Lyman.
  • Successful Photography. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1954. And later editions.
    • Das Buch der Fotografie. Frankfurt: Büchergilde Gutenberg, 1961. German translation.
    • Framgångsrik fotografering. Stockholm: Bonnier, 1958. Swedish translation.
    • Hyvä valokuvaaja. Helsinki: Tammi, 1957. Finnish translation.
    • Il libro della fotografia: Tecnica e applicazioni. Milan: Garzanti, 1961. Italian translation. Also later editions.
  • Successful Color Photography. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1954. And later editions.
    • Das Buch der Farbfotografie. Düsseldorf: Econ, 1961. German translation.
    • Värivalokuvaaja. Helsinki: Tammi, 1958. Finnish translation.
    • Il libro della fotografia a colori. Milan: Garzanti, 1962. Italian translation. Also later editions.
  • The Creative Photographer. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1955. And later editions.
    • Der Schlüssel zur Fotografie von Heute. Düsseldorf: Econ, 1958. German translation.
    • Skapande fotografering. Stockholm: Bonnier, 1958. Swedish translation.
    • Fotograful creator. Bucharest: Editura Meridiane, 1967. Romanian translation.
  • Changing America: The Land as It Was and How Man Has Changed It. New York: Crown, 1955. Text by Patricia Dyett.
  • The Anatomy of Nature: How Function Shapes the Form and Design of Animate and Inanimate Structures throughout the Universe. New York: Crown, 1956. London: Thomas Yoseloff, 1956. New York: Dover, 1979.
    • Vorm en functie in de natuur: 170 foto's. Delft: W. Gaade, 1956. Dutch translation.
    • Das Antlitz der Natur. Munich: Knaur, 1957. Zurich: Buchclub Ex Libris, 1957. German translation.
    • Anatomía de la naturaleza: De cómo la función crea la forma en las estructuras animadas e inanimadas de entero universo. Barcelona: Jano, 1962. Spanish translation.
  • Frauen und Göttinnen von der Steinzeit bis zu Picasso. Cologne: M. DuMont Schauberg, 1960. Text by J. Bon.
    • Maids, Madonnas, and Witches: Women in Sculpture from Prehistoric Times to Picasso. New York: Abrams, 1961. English translation. Introduction by Henry Miller.
    • The Image of Woman: Women in Sculpture from Pre-historic Times to the Present Day. London: Thames & Hudson, 1961. English translation. Introduction by Henry Miller.
  • Total Picture Control: A Personal Approach to Photography. New York: Crown, 1961. New York: Amphoto, 1970.
  • Andreas Feininger fotografiert Steine. Düsseldorf: Econ, 1960. About architecture; with an introduction by Kasimir Edschmid.
    • Man and Stone: A Journey into the Past. New York: Crown, 1961. English translation.
    • Stone and Man: A Photographic Exploration. New York: Dover, 1979.
    • Andreas Feininger fotografeert steen. Haarlem: Gottmer, 1962. Dutch translation.
  • Die hohe Schule der Fotografie. Düsseldorf: Econ, 1961. And later editions.
    • Andreas Feiningers fotoskole. Copenhagen: Grafisk Forlag, 1962. Danish translation.
    • De hogere school der fotografie. Amsterdam: De Bussey, 1963. Dutch translation.
    • Vysoká škola fotografie. Prague: Orbis, 1968. Czech translation.
  • A Manual of Advanced Photography. London: Thames & Hudson, 1962. Revised edition, London: Thames & Hudson, 1970.
  • Voir: Précis sur la technique et l'art d'exceller en photographie. Lausanne: Edita, 1961.
  • Arte y técnica en fotografía: Cómo perfeccionar sus fotos. Madrid: Mediterráneo, 1968.
  • Cómo hacer buenas fotografías: Un curso completo sobre la mecánica, la técnica y las aplicaciones de la fotografía. Madrid: Mediterráneo, 1968. Madrid: Mediterráneo, 1980. ISBN 8471561158.
  • Die Welt neu gesehen. Ein Querschnitt meiner Arbeit. Vienna: Econ, 1963.
    • The World through My Eyes: 30 Years of Photography. New York: Crown, 1963. English translation.
    • The World through My Eyes. London: Thames & Hudson, 1964. English translation.
    • Regards sur le monde: 30 années d'art photographique. Brussels: Meddens 1964. French translation.
    • Il mondo come io lo vedo. Milan: Garzanti, 1964. Italian translation.
  • Met andere ogen gezien. Amsterdam: De Bussy, 1964.
  • New York. New York: Crown, 1964; New York: Viking, 1964. London: Thames & Hudson, 1964. Text by Kate Simon.
    • New York. Düsseldorf: Econ, 1964. German translation.
  • The Complete Photographer. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1965. London: Thames & Hudson, 1965. And later editions.
  • Die neue Foto-Lehre. Düsseldorf: Econ, 1965.
    • La nuova tecnica della fotografia. Milan: Garzanti, 1966. Italian translation.
  • Fotograferen van A–Z: Een nieuw handboek der fotografie. Amsterdam: De Bussy, 1965.
  • Lyonel Feininger: City at the Edge of the World. New York: Praeger, 1965. Text by T. Lux Feininger.
    • Lyonel Feininger. Die Stadt am Ende der Welt. Munich: Rütten & Loening, 1965. German translation.
  • Forms of Nature and Life. New York: Viking Press, 1966.
    • Die Sprache der Natur. Düsseldorf: Econ, 1966. German translation.
  • Form in Nature and Life. London: Thames & Hudson, 1966.
  • Trees. New York: Viking Press, 1968. London: Thames & Hudson, 1968. Harmondsworth, Middx: Penguin, 1978. ISBN 0-14-004747-6. New York: Viking Press, 1978. ISBN 0670729434. New York: Rizzoli, 1991. ISBN 0847813258.
    • Wunderbare Welt der Bäume und Wälder. Vienna: Econ, 1968. German translation.
  • Basic Color Photography. 1969.
  • The Color Photo Book. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1969.
    • Kleurenfotografie van A–Z. Amsterdam: De Bussy, 1969. Dutch translation.
  • The Complete Colour Photographer. Thames & Hudson, 1969.
  • Farbfotolehre. Neu bearbeitete Ausgabe des berühmten Standardwerkes. Munich: Heyne, 1969. ISBN 3453411609.
  • Lyonel Feininger. New York: Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, 1969. Text by Peter Selz.
  • Shells. 1972.
  • Photographic Seeing. 1973.
  • Principles of Composition. 1973.
  • Andreas Feininger. 1973. Text by Ralph Hattersley.
  • Darkroom Techniques. 1974.
  • The Perfect Photograph. 1974.
  • Roots of Art. 1974.
  • Light and Lighting in Photography. 1976.
  • Feininger's Hamburg. 1980.
  • Feininger's Chicago. 1981.
  • Industrial America. 1981.
  • Leaves. New York. 1984.
  • In a Grain of Sand: Exploring Design by Nature. San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1986.
  • Stockholm 1933–1939. Stockholm: Stockholms Stadsmuseum, 1991. ISBN 9185238708.
  • Andreas Feininger, That's Photography. Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz, 2004. ISBN 3-7757-1429-4, 320 pages, 210 photographs, texts
  • Andreas Feininger. A Photographer's Life. 1906–1999. Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz, 2010. ISBN 978-3-7757-2704-4, 192 pages, 129 photographs, text

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1] "Lyonel Feininger (Léonell Charles Feininger) is born in New York City on July 17. He is the first child of the violinist Karl Feininger from Durlach in Baden (South West Germany) and the American singer Elizabeth Cecilia Feininger, born Lutz, who is also of German descent."
  2. ^ Obituary of T. Lux Feininger, New York Times.

External links[edit]