|— Gymnast —|
|Full name||Andreea Mădălina Răducan|
30 September 1983 |
|Discipline||Women's artistic gymnastics|
|Gym||Deva National Training Center|
|Head coach(es)||Octavian Belu|
|Assistant coach(es)||Mariana Bitang|
Răducan began competing in gymnastics at a young age and was training at the Romanian junior national facility by the age of 12½. As one of the outstanding gymnasts of the Romanian team in the late 1990s, Răducan was known both for her difficult repertoire of skills and her dance and presentation. Over her four-year senior career, she won Olympic or World Championships medals on every event except the uneven bars and earned three individual World Championships titles, on the floor exercise in 1999 and 2001 and the balance beam in 2001.
Răducan competed at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, where she contributed strongly to the Romanian team's gold medal and won an individual silver medal on the vault. She was also the original winner of the all-round title, but was disqualified and stripped of her gold medal shortly after the competition concluded, when it was revealed that she had failed doping controls, testing positive for pseudoephedrine, at the time a banned substance. She and her coaches maintained that she had been given the substance in two cold medicine pills by a Romanian team physician, and that they had not affected her performance in any way.
The case generated a significant amount of media attention, and Răducan was supported by members of the gymnastics community and the Romanian public. Her case was brought to the Court of Arbitration for Sport in fall 2000. Răducan herself was exonerated of any personal wrongdoing by the CAS, the Romanian Olympic Committee and the International Gymnastics Federation, and was not subject to any disciplinary measures. However, her medal was not reinstated, and the team doctor who administered the medicine was banned for two Olympic cycles.
Răducan returned the year after the Olympics to win five additional World Championships medals, but retired from gymnastics in 2002. As an adult, she has worked as a sports announcer and media personality, and has pursued university level studies in journalism.
Răducan was one of the "new generation gymnasts" groomed to take over the torch of Romanian gymnastics excellence after the retirements of the Olympic medalists Lavinia Miloşovici and Gina Gogean. She began gymnastics at the age of four and a half in her hometown of Bârlad. In 1996, after winning over twenty medals in local and regional competitions, she was invited to train at the Romanian junior team facility in Oneşti. Two years later, she was promoted to the national training center in Deva.
Răducan's first major international event was the 1998 Junior European Championships, where she won a silver medal on the balance beam, tied for bronze on the floor exercise and took fourth place in the all-round. The next year, she rose to the senior ranks and made an impact at the World Championships in Tianjin, China, winning the FX final and being placed fifth in the all-round.
While Răducan's work on the uneven bars was considered weak, her skills on beam, vault and floor exercise were applauded. She was also admired because, unlike other members of the Romanian team, she showed a great deal of expression in her choreography and a wide variety of complex skills in her routines.
Răducan competed well at the Sydney Olympics, helping the Romanian women to win their first Olympic team gold medal since 1984. She qualified for the floor and vault event finals, and, along with her teammates Simona Amânar and Maria Olaru, the all-round finals. In the preliminary round of competition, she had the second highest all-round score of all competitors in the competition, trailing behind Russia's Svetlana Khorkina by 0.288.
The all-round was mired in controversy. The vault was accidentally set 5 centimeters too low, creating a dangerous situation that completely altered the gymnasts' pre- and post-flights. As a result of the incorrectly set vault, many gymnasts suffered serious crashes and injuries during both the warm-ups and the competition, including Khorkina. The British gymnast Annika Reeder was hurt badly enough to withdraw from the remainder of the competition. Even those who escaped injury found themselves shaken by their experiences on the vault. When the error was discovered by the Australian gymnast Allana Slater in the third rotation, International Federation of Gymnastics officials reset the vault height and allowed the competition to continue. They did permit the gymnasts who had vaulted in the first two rotations to take another turn on vault and to be rescored; not every athlete accepted this offer.
Răducan was one of the gymnasts who had vaulted on the incorrectly set apparatus but did not suffer a fall on the event and performed without serious error. She continued through the competition, turning in strong performances on beam and floor, and ended up with the all-round gold medal. On the podium with her were her Romanian teammates; Amânar with silver and Olaru with bronze. Răducan was the first Romanian gymnast to win the Olympic all-round title since Nadia Comăneci in 1976; it was also the first time since 1960 that gymnasts from a single country swept the WAG all-round podium at the Olympics. It was also the last time it was possible for three gymnasts from the same country to sweep the all around, as the "two per country rule" was introduced in the next Olympic cycle.
Several days after the competition concluded, the IOC announced that Răducan had tested positive for pseudoephedrine, a banned substance at that time. Amânar had also tested positive, but as she was taller and heavier than Răducan, the substance did not register as being over the allowed amount as it had with her younger teammate.
Răducan and her coaches maintained that she was innocent, and that as a minor, she had only followed the treatment plan the team physician, Ioachim Oana, had recommended. The night before the competition, she had been given Nurofen Cold & Flu, a common over-the-counter medication containing pseudoephedrine, to help treat a fever and cough. She also said that the pills had made her feel dizzy instead of helping her in any way.
Despite strenuous appeals from Răducan, her coaches, the Romanian Gymnastics Federation and certain members of the gymnastics community, she was stripped of her gold medal. The gold was re-awarded to Amânar, Olaru was promoted to silver, and former fourth place finisher Liu Xuan from China was given the bronze medal. Răducan's test samples from the team and vault event finals were clean; she was therefore allowed to keep the medals she won in these competitions. The Romanian team doctor who gave Răducan the drug in two cold medicine pills was expelled from the Games and suspended through the 2002 Winter Olympics at Salt Lake City and the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.
Both Amânar and Olaru expressed their belief that Răducan was the deserving all-round gold medalist, as did Liu Xuan, who noted, "I think the all-around champ (Răducan) is very good. I feel very sad and sorry for her that this problem occurred. I can't make sense of it. ... In gymnastics we rely on technique to compete our moves. It's not possible to rely on drugs or strength, you have to rely on skill." All three declined a formal ceremony when the medals were re-awarded. Following the announcement that Răducan would be stripped of her medal, Olaru and Amânar initially decided to refuse their new medals. However, they changed their minds in order to bring the medals back to Romania. Amânar said of the gold medal, "I didn't win it. It was won by Andreea and belongs to Andreea." She did in fact return the medal to Răducan back in Romania.
Răducan's case was brought before the Court of Arbitration for Sport in late September 2000. While the arbitration panel did concede that Răducan had not gained any advantage by taking the pseudoephedrine, and that she was an underage athlete who had followed her team physician's instructions, they also upheld the IOC's decision. The basis for their decision was the belief that the Anti-Doping Code of the Olympics had to be enforced "without compromise", regardless of the intentions or age of the athlete.
Răducan was exonerated of any personal wrongdoing by the Romanian Olympic Committee, and therefore was not subjected to the sporting ban usually imposed on athletes involved in doping cases. However, Ion Ţiriac, the president of the Romanian Olympic Committee (ROC), resigned over the scandal. The Executive Committee of the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG) also unanimously decided not to impose any suspension or punishment on Răducan, taking the stance that losing her medal "was punishment enough for an athlete who was innocent in this situation". The FIG, IOC and ROC all agreed with the punishment and suspension of Dr. Oana, viewing him as the guilty party for administering the banned substance to Răducan and her teammate. Oana was permitted to keep his medical license and was cleared of malpractice by the Deva Physicians' Association, who stated that he had not committed any offense "from a medical perspective".
Despite the controversy, Răducan was still seen as a positive and even sympathetic figure. She received a significant amount of support in Romania, and members of the gymnastics community, including Nadia Comăneci, publicly expressed their support. On returning to Romania with her teammates, she was personally greeted and presented with flowers by Romanian President Emil Constantinescu.
Răducan was given a replacement medal in pure gold by a Romanian jeweler; she also received several endorsements and sponsorships. At one point, a Răducan doll was even rumored to be in the works. In addition, the prize money she would have been awarded from the Romanian Olympic Committee for her all-round gold was replaced, and doubled, by a group of Romanian businessmen. She, along with Amanar, was awarded a diplomatic passport by the Romanian government for being a "good ambassador for Romania".
Răducan continued to train in Deva after the Olympics. With the retirement of her Sydney teammates Amanar, Olaru and Presacan, she found herself one of the senior gymnasts at Deva. At the 2001 World Championships in Ghent, Belgium, she was part of the gold-medal winning Romanian team and picked up four individual medals: gold on floor and beam and bronze in the all-round and vault. Injuries and other concerns marred her training in 2002, and after a poor showing at the Worlds in Hungary, she quietly retired.
Currently,[when?] Răducan is a sports announcer in Romania. Her assignments for EuroSport have included the 2004 Olympics in Athens. She also has her own television show and does modelling and promotional work. Răducan is also currently[when?] studying for a masters degree in journalism at the University of Bucharest.
- Vault: round-off 1/2 twist on, layout cuervo off.
- Balance beam: full twisting back, double pike back dismount, tucked Korbut
- Floor exercise: round-off-back-handspring-double layout, round-off-whip back-double pike, round-off-back-handspring-2.5twist-punch-layout-front, round-off-flick-triple-twist.
- 1998-99: "Las Carretas del Rocio"
- 2000: "Reel Around The Sun" from the album Riverdance by Bill Whelan
- 2001: "Eclipse" from the album Nouvelle Expérience by Cirque Du Soleil
- List of sportspeople sanctioned for doping offences
- List of top medalists at the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships
- Official FIG profile
- http://www.gymn-forum.net/results/JEuros/Women/1998_ef.html Results from Junior Europeans EF, Gymn-Forum
- Preliminary scores from the Sydney Olympics, Gymn Forum
- "Vault mixup could have cost gymnast medal" Associated Press, September 28, 2000
- "Mismeasured vault foils some gymnasts" Beverley Smith, Globe and Mail, September 21, 2000
- Selena Jones, "Romania Sweeps as Controversy Swirls", New York Times, September 22, 2000
- "Raducan tests positive for stimulant" Associated Press, September 26, 2000
- "Court supports IOC over Raducan" BBC, September 28, 2000
- "Arbitrators uphold decision to strip Raducan of gold" Sports Illustrated/CNN, November 13, 2000
- "In our Spotlight: Andreea Raducan" International Gymnast, January 2001
- "Romanians refuse medals", International Gymnast, September 26, 2000
- "Amanar retires, Tiriac resigns", International Gymnast, September 29, 2000
- "Amanar retires as Raducan feted" BBC Sport, October 1, 2000
- "Raducan disappointed by court ruling", International Gymnast, December 13, 2000
- "Amanar to pass on medal", International Gymnast, October 6, 2000
- Text of the CAS decision, September 28, 2000
- "Raducan can keep competing", International Gymnast, October 18, 2000
- "Hearing set for Raducan", International Gymnast, September 26, 2000
- "Amanar tops Romanian money list", International Gymnast, October 15, 2000
- "Amanar, Raducan declared diplomats", International Gymnast, October 12, 2000
- "Raducan takes over Romanian reins" International Gymnast, October 8, 2001
- Andreea Răducan's official website
- Andreea Răducan at Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique
- Răducan's official home page
- More on the Raducan controversy -- and reader poll
- List of competitive results at Gymn Forum