Andrei Marga

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Prof.
Andrei Marga
Rector of the Babeş-Bolyai University
In office
1993–2004
Preceded by Ionel Haiduc
Succeeded by Nicolae Bocşan
In office
2008–2012
Preceded by Nicolae Bocşan
Succeeded by Ioan-Aurel Pop
Minister of National Education
In office
1997–1998
President Emil Constantinescu
Prime Minister Victor Ciorbea
Gavril Dejeu (ad interim)
Preceded by Virgil Petrescu
Succeeded by himself
Majority Romanian Democratic Convention
In office
1998–1999
Prime Minister Radu Vasile
Alexandru Athanasiu (ad interim)
Preceded by himself
Succeeded by himself
In office
1999–2000
Prime Minister Mugur Isărescu
Preceded by himself
Succeeded by Ecaterina Andronescu
Personal details
Born 22 May 1946
Political party National Liberal Party
Other political
affiliations
Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party (1999 - 2001)

Andrei Marga (Romanian pronunciation: [anˈdrej ˈmarɡa]; born 22 May 1946) is a Romanian philosopher, political scientist, and politician. Rector – for the second time – of the Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca, he was a member of the Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNŢCD), serving as Minister of Education in the Democratic Convention (CDR) coalition governments of Victor Ciorbea, Radu Vasile, and Mugur Isărescu (1997-2000). In January 2001, he replaced Ion Diaconescu as PNŢCD chairman, but resigned from his post in July 2001, amid political tensions in the party. He formed a new party, the Popular Christian Party later in the year.[1] Later, he affiliated with the National Liberal Party (PNL).

Marga has authored a large number of volumes on political science, political philosophy, and the philosophy of history. His work touches a variety of subjects, including the philosophical theories of Herbert Marcuse and Jürgen Habermas, the nature of positivism, and trends in contemporary philosophy.[2] He has also lectured on specific subjects, such as the philosophic foundations of transition from communism to a market economy, and the evolution of principles guiding European integration.[2] In later works, he approached topics pertaining to the philosophy of religion, and to the status of religion in the age of globalization.[2] In 2005, Andrei Marga received the Herder Prize in recognition of his contributions.[2]

Biography[edit]

Marga was born in Bucharest, attended the University of Cluj and also had a one-year scholarship at the University of Freiburg (West Germany) for a year.[3] A member of the Romanian Communist Party from his university days, he was for a time the leader of the Communist Students Union of the University of Cluj.[4]

In 1993, he became the rector of the Babeş-Bolyai University, of Cluj-Napoca.

As minister, Andrei Marga promoted educational system reform, stressing that the communist legacy had contributed to a rise in political corruption, and indicating that Romanian education lacked staples of professionalism such as underlined purposes, standards in certification, and evaluation criteria.[5] Marga also criticized the system for relying on "original features" and "Romanian traditions", which had been explained as a means to promote national development, but, in effect, had contributed to the gap between Romania and the Western world.[5] He called for these traditions to be amended, and for modernization to be introduced, and defined his goals as "increasing the links between education and the economic, administrative and cultural environment, improving the educational infrastructure, eliminating paternalism and populism from educational management, and enhancing international cooperation in education".[5]

The program was criticized by the political opposition, who argued that the system in place was satisfactory, and blamed the existing problems on the post-1989 political and social climate.[6] In parallel, supporters of reform were dissatisfied with its slow pace and inadequate financing.[7]

In early 1998, a controversy erupted in Romanian politics, after the CDR announced that it was planning to stand by the plan to set up separate universities for the Hungarian minority.[8] The decision was in turn based on a promise made to their coalition partner, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania.[8] In this context, Marga took the middle ground, saying that he supported separate Hungarian-language sections but not separate institutions (a similar view was expressed by the CDR's other coalition partner, the Democratic Party).[8]

Marga only joined the PNŢCD in 1999, two years before ascending to its leadership. However, party rules prohibited members with less than 5 years in the party from running for party president. During the party's congress, a few candidates resigned in support of Marga and the party's constitution was amended to allow Marga to run. Marga was able to defeat his other conservative opponents with the support of the congress in spite of opposition from the party hierarchy. He was brought in to reform the party and position it to recover from the loses of the December 2000 election. However, his tenure failed to bring in the rapid changes desired and opposition from prominent conservative elements in his party stifled his ideas. He resigned in July 2001.[9]

In 2002, Marga joined the PNŢCD's former coalition partner, the National Liberal Party. At the time, a voice from within the PNL, Mihai Voicu, indicated that this was part of an "internal consolidation" trend, with the National Liberals attracting members from less successful CDR groups and other right-wing or centrist forces.[10]

From May to August 2012, Marga served as Foreign Minister in the government of Victor Ponta.

Published works[edit]

  • Herbert Marcuse. Studiu critic ("Herbert Marcuse. A Critical Study"), Editura Dacia, Cluj-Napoca, 1980, 250 p.
  • Cunoaştere şi sens. Perspective critice asupra pozitivismului ("Cognition and Sense. A Critical Approach of Positivism"), Editura Politică, Bucharest, 1984, 256 p.
  • Acţiune şi raţiune în concepţia lui Jürgen Habermas ("Action and Reason with Jürgen Habermas"), Editura Dacia, Cluj-Napoca, 1985, 306 p.
  • Raţionalitate, comunicare, argumentare ("Rationality, Communication, Argumentation"), Editura Dacia, Cluj-Napoca, 1991, 327 p.
  • Introducere în metodologia şi argumentarea filosofică ("Introduction to Philosophical Methodology and Argumentation"), Editura Dacia, Cluj-Napoca, 1992, 194 p.
  • Philosophy in the Eastern Transition, Editura Apostrof, Cluj-Napoca, 1993, 200 p.; (expanded edition), Editura Apostrof, Cluj-Napoca, 1995, 283 p.
  • Explorări în actualitate ("Explorations into the Present Time"), Editura Apostrof, Cluj-Napoca, 1995, 187 p.
  • Filosofia unificării europene ("The Philosophy of the European Unification"), Editura Apostrof, Cluj-Napoca, 1995, 257 p.; (second edition), Editura Apostrof, Cluj-Napoca, 1997, 392 p.
  • Universitatea în tranziţie ("University in Transition"), Editura Apostrof, Cluj-Napoca, 1996, 209 p.
  • Academic Reform. A Case Study, Cluj University Press, Cluj-Napoca, 1997, 100 p.
  • Reconstrucţia pragmatică a filosofiei ("The Pragmatic Reconstruction of Philosophy"), Polirom, Iaşi, 1998, 193 p.
  • Educaţia în tranziţie ("Education in Transition"), Editura Dacia, Cluj-Napoca, 1999, 126 p.
  • Relativismul şi consecinţele sale ("Relativism and Its Consequences"), Editura Studiilor Europene, Cluj-Napoca, 1999, 200 p.
  • Anii reformei: 1997-2000 ("The Years of Reform: 1997-2000"), Editura Studiilor Europene, Cluj-Napoca, 2001, 200 p.
  • University Reform Today, Cluj University Press, Cluj-Napoca, 2001, 214 p.
  • Bildung und Modernisierung ("Education and Modernization"), Cluj University Press, Cluj-Napoca, 2001, 206 p.
  • Introducere în filosofia contemporană ("Introduction to Contemporary Philosophy"), Polirom, Iaşi, 2002, 560 p.
  • Ieşirea din trecut (documente şi reflecţii) ("Path out of the Past. Documents and Reflections"), Editura Alma Mater, Cluj-Napoca, 2002, 264 p.
  • Filosofia lui Habermas ("The Philosophy of Habermas"), Polirom, Iaşi, 2006, 520 p.
  • Diagnoze - Articole şi eseuri ("Diagnoses - Articles and Essays"), Editura Eikon, Cluj-Napoca, 2008, 550 p.
  • Dialoguri cu David Ward, HeNoi Paul, Roland Lohkamp, Michel Grimaldi, E.S. Zenon Cardinal Grocholewski, Hans Gert Pöttering, E.S. Christoph Cardinal Schönborn, Î.P.S. Bartolomeu Anania, Robert S. Wistrich, Gianfranco Ghirlanda, Édith Cresson, Hans Küng, René-Samuel Sirat, Gianni Vattimo, Cluj University Press, Cluj, 2008
  • Philosophia et Theologia Hodie, Editura Fundaţiei pentru Studii Europene, Cluj, 2008
  • La Sortie du Relativisme, Editura Limes, Cluj, 2008
  • Philosophie der europäischen Einigung, Cluj University Press, Cluj, 2009
  • Fraţii mai mari. Intâlniri cu iudaismul (The Older brothers. Encounters with Judaism), Editura Hasefer, Bucharest, 2009
  • Absolutul astăzi. Teologia and filosofia lui Joseph Ratzinger (Absolute today. Joseph Ratzinger's theology and philosophy), Editura Eikon, Cluj, 2010
  • Criza si după criză (Crisis and after the crisis), Editura Eikon, Cluj, 2010, 210 p. (second edition)
  • Argumentarea (Argumentation), Editura Academiei Române, Bucharest, 2010
  • Challenges, Values and Vision, Cluj University Press, Cluj, 2011
  • Profilul si reforma Universităţii clujene (Profile and Reform of the Cluj University), Cluj University Press, Cluj, 2011, 480 p. (third edition).
  • Riflessioni italiane, Editura Grinta, 2011
  • După cincisprezece ani. Fifteen Years after (1998-2004 şi 2008-2012), Presa Universitară Cluj, 2011
  • România actuală (Diagnoză), Editura Eikon, Cluj, 2011
  • The Destiny of Europe, Editura Academiei Române, Bucureşti, 2011
  • The Pragmatic Reconstruction of Philosophy, Cluj University Press, Cluj, 2012
  • Crizele Modernității Târzii, Editura Academiei Române, București, 2012
  • Sincronizarea culturii romane, Editura Tribuna, 2013
  • Schimbarea lumii - Globalizare, cultura, geopolitica, Editura Academiei Romane, 2013
  • Romania intr-o lume in schimbare, Andrei Marga, interviuri cu Romeo Couti, Ecou Transilvan, 2013

International Prizes[edit]

  • 2008 Prize of Sara and Haim Ianculovici Foundation – Haifa (Israel)
  • 2005 Herder Prize (Austria – Germany)
  • 2003 Gold Medal – University of Tübingen (Germany)
  • 2002 România – Israel Award & The Medal of Jerusalem (Israel)

State Awards and other International Awards[edit]

  • 2011 Doctor Honoris Causa – Baku Pedagogical State University (Azerbaidjan)
  • 2010 Doctor Honoris Causa – “Alecu Russo” Balty State University (Republic of Moldova)
  • 2010 Doctor Honoris Causa – „Corvinus” University of Budapest (Hungary)
  • 2009Ordine della Stella della Solidarietà Italiana in grado di Cavaliere (President of Italian Republic)
  • 2008 Honorary Dignitary of Carmel City (Israel)
  • 2008 Doctor Honoris Causa – „Paul Valery” University of Montpellier (France)
  • 2006 Doctor of Humane Letters – Plymouth State University of New Hampshire State (USA)
  • 2006 A Commendation of the Governor of State of New Hampshire (USA)
  • 2006 Medaglia Pontificia. Anno I. BenedictusXVI (Vatican)
  • 2005 Medaglia Pontificia. Anno XXVI. Joannes Paulus II (Vatican)
  • 2003 Das Grosse Verdienstkreuz (President of Germany)
  • 2003 Doctor Honoris Causa – Debrecen University (Hungary)
  • 2002 Palmes Académiques – Ministère de l’Education Nationale (France)
  • 2000 Gra-Cruz da Ordem National do Merito (President of Portugal)
  • 2000 Doctor Honoris Causa – “Ion Creangă” University of Chişinău (Republic of Moldova)
  • 2000 Insigne Aureum – University of Maribor (Slovenia)
  • 1999 Grand Officier de l’Ordre National du Mérite (President of France)
Academic offices
Preceded by
Ionel Haiduc
Rector of the Babeş-Bolyai University
1993-2004
Succeeded by
Nicolae Bocşan
Political offices
Preceded by
Virgil Petrescu
Minister of Education
1997-2000
Succeeded by
Ecaterina Andronescu
Preceded by
Cristian Diaconescu
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2012
Succeeded by
Titus Corlățean
Party political offices
Preceded by
Constantin Dudu Ionescu
President of the
Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party
Succeeded by
Victor Ciorbea
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Horia-Roman Patapievici
President of the Romanian Cultural Institute
2012-present
Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alan J. Day, Roger East, Richard Thomas, A Political and Economic Dictionary of Eastern Europe, Europa Publications, London, 2002. p.112.
  2. ^ a b c d (Romanian) Mădălina Diaconu, "Premiile Herder 2005", in Observator Cultural; retrieved August 4, 2007
  3. ^ "Speaker and Presenter Biographies". Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "Exclusiv Documente: Andrei Marga de la activist A.S.C. plătit de PCR la ministru liberal în Guvernul Ponta". Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Daun & Săpătoru, p.171
  6. ^ Daun & Săpătoru, p.173
  7. ^ Daun & Săpătoru, p.171-172
  8. ^ a b c Matyas Szabó, "Romania. The perils of Coalition politics", in Peter Rutland, Annual Survey of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union 1998, M.E. Sharpe, Armonk, 2000, p.265. ISBN 0-7656-0360-8
  9. ^ Lavinia Stan, "From Riches to Rags: The Romanian Christian Democrat Peasant Party", in East European Quarterly, Vol. 39, 2005.
  10. ^ (Romanian) Mihai Voicu, Creşterea partidului este dată de acţiuni concrete, at the PNL official site, 28 May 2003; retrieved 26 October 2007

References[edit]

  • Holger Daun, Dana Săpătoru, "Educational reforms in Eastern Europe: Shifts, Innovation and Restoration", in Holger Daun, Educational Restructuring in the Context of Globalization and National Policy, Routledge, London, 2002. ISBN 0-8153-3941-0

External links[edit]