|Sir Andrew Caldecott
|28th Governor of British Ceylon|
16 October 1937 – 19 September 1944
|Preceded by||Maxwell MacLagan Wedderburn
|Succeeded by||Henry Monck-Mason Moore|
|19th Governor of Hong Kong|
12 December 1935 – 28 October 1937
|Preceded by||William Peel|
|Succeeded by||Geoffrey Alexander Stafford Northcote|
26 October 1884|
|Died||14 July 1951(aged 66)|
|Alma mater||Exeter College, Oxford|
|Profession||Civil servant, colonial administrator|
Early Life, Education
Sir Andrew Caldecott was born on 26 October 1884 in Kent, England. His father was a cleric. Caldecott was educated at Uppingham, and Exeter College, Oxford, where he became an Honorary Fellow in 1948.
Colonial Services career
Between 1907 and 1935, he held various appointments in the Malayan Civil Service, including:
- Acting Controller of Labour
- Under-Secretary to the Straits Settlements
- Commissioner of Lands Federated Malay States
- Secretary for Postal Affairs
- Acting British Resident at Negri Sembilan
- Acting British Resident at Perak
- and British Resident at Selangor.
Later in his time in Malaya, Caldecott served as:
- Chief Secretary to the Government of the Federated Malay States (1931–1933)
- Colonial Secretary to the Straits Settlements (1933–1935)
- Officer Administering the Government of the Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for the Malay States (1934).
During his time in Malaya, Caldecott earned a reputation for his ability to settle disputes between different ethnic groups which made him popular with all races, a rare feat for a colonial administrator given the diversity of the Straits Settlements population. He also served as the first president of the Football Association of Malaysia.
Governor of Hong Kong
In 1935, Caldecott was appointed governor of Hong Kong. His tenure was the shortest in Hong Kong colonial history, for he was appointed the second last Governor of Ceylon a little more than a year later to handle the threat to the British administration caused by the overwhelming national liberation movement in Ceylon. When arriving in Hong Kong to assume the Governorship, Caldecott, unusually, elected to wear civilian dress, something that would not happen again until the arrival, in 1992, of the last colonial Governor, Chris Patten. His departure to Ceylon was met with dismay by the community as he had become a respected figure. Locals had petitioned to Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden for him to remain but to no avail.
It was during Caldecott's tenure that Hong Kong's Kai Tak Airport received its first regular arrival, the "Dorado" and the Queen Mary Hospital opened as an adjunct hospital to the Hong Kong University (the hospital is now under the control of the Hong Kong Hospital Authority). His tenure also saw the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War, with more than 100,000 refugees from the Chinese Mainland flooding into Hong Kong to escape the conflict.
Caldecott married Olive Mary in 1918. They had one son and one daughter. After Olive Mary's death in 1943, Caldecott married again 1946 to Evelyn May. Caldecott died on 14 July 1951.
Awards and honours
- C.M.G., 1932
- K.C.M.G., 1937
- G.C.M.G., 1941
- C.B.E., 1926
- K.B.E., 1935
- K.St.J., 1936
- Awarded M.A. in Oxon
- Awarded LL.D. in Ceylon
- Malayan Commissioner, British Empire Exhibition, 1924-5
- Member, Royal Asiatic Society (M.R.A.S.)
- Fellow, Royal Society of Arts (F.R.S.A.)
- Honorary Fellow, Royal Philharmonic Society, 1947
- History of Jelebu
- Not Exactly Ghosts, London: Arnold, 1947 (Including: "A Room in a Rectory", "Branch Line to Benceston", "Sonata in D Minor", "Autoepitaphy", "Whiffs of the Sea", The Pump in Thorp's Spinney", "Light in the Darkness", "Decastroland", A Victim of Medusa", "Fits of the Blues", "Christmas Reunion", "In Due Course".)
- Fires Burn Blue, London: Arnold, 1948 (Including: "An Exchange of Notes", "Cheap and Nasty", "Grey Brothers", "Quintet", "Authorship Disputed", "Final Touches", "What's in a Name", "Under the Mistletoe", "His Name was Legion", "Tall Tales but True", "A Book Entry", "Seeds of Remembrance", "Seated One Day at the Organ".)
- All the stories in Not Exactly Ghosts and Fires Burn Blue were reprinted by Ash-Tree Press in the collection Not Exactly Ghosts (2002).
Places named after Andrew Caldecott
- O'Regan, James (1994). From Empire to Commonwealth: Reflections on a Career in Britain's Overseas Service. Radcliffe Press. p. 38. ISBN 1-85043-777-7.
Andrew Caldecott came out the Malay States in 1907 and rapidly established a reputation for energetic ability. [...] He was deservedly very popular with all races and a keen sense of humour made him a most delightful companion at any time.
- "18 November 1935 - SIR ANDREW CALDECOTT LEAVES ON DEC. 7.". The Straits Times (retrieved via NLB Archives).
- "24 January 1937 - Totidem Verbis: Andrew Caldecott". The Straits Times (retrieved via NLB Archives).
Sir William Peel
|Governor of Hong Kong
Sir Geoffrey Northcote
Maxwell MacLagan Wedderburn
|Governor of Ceylon
Henry Monck-Mason Moore