|Born||Andrew John Maxton Cruickshank
25 December 1907
Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, UK
|Died||29 April 1988
London, England, UK
Andrew John Maxton Cruickshank (25 December 1907, Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire – 29 April 1988, London) was a Scottish supporting actor, most famous for his portrayal of Dr Cameron in the long-running UK BBC television series Dr Finlay's Casebook, which ran for 191 episodes from 1962 until 1971.
Life and career
Andrew Cruickshank (Junior) was born to Andrew and Mary Cruickshank, and was educated at Aberdeen Grammar School. He was to have entered the profession of civil engineering after completing his education, but instead joined provincial repertory theatres, leading to 1930 roles in Othello at the Savoy Theatre in London, as Maudelyn in Richard of Bordeaux at the Empire Theatre on Broadway in 1934, and culminating in his principal appearance (as three characters) on the London stage in 1935, at the Gate Theatre in the play Victoria Regina. He returned to Broadway in 1951 until 1952, as the Earl of Warwick in George Bernard Shaw's play Saint Joan, with Uta Hagen in the lead role.
His first film role followed in 1937, as the poet Robert Burns in Auld Lang Syne. Subsequently, however, he would be typecast into portrayals of formal authority figures, such as judges and doctors.
He appeared in many television plays and series, amongst them A. J. Cronin's Dr Finlay's Casebook, containing his most famous characterisation, Doctor Angus Cameron, a crusty but erudite senior partner in the rural general practice run in Tannochbrae, with the help of the much younger Doctor Alan Finlay (Bill Simpson) and "stiff Presbyterian" housekeeper Janet (Barbara Mullen). The highly popular BBC production ran from 16 August 1962 until 3 January 1971, after which Cruickshank continued with it on BBC Radio 4 for seven years, it having been adapted to that format since 10 March 1970. He finally bade farewell to the character on 18 December 1978, following its parting episode, "Going Home". In 1963 he played the title role in the BBC sitcom Mr Justice Duncannon, having appeared as that character in the final episode of the 1962 sitcom Brothers in Law.
His final performance on the stage was as Justice Treadwell in Beyond Reasonable Doubt at the Queen's Theatre in 1987. His last appearance of any kind was at the age of 80, in the first episode ("Kicks") of series two of the ITV television production, King & Castle, which starred Nigel Planer and Derek Martin as partners in a debt collection agency, and in which Cruickshank played "Mr Hodinett". It was aired on 10 May 1988, just over a week after his death.
He married Curigwen (née Lewis), and they had one son and two daughters.
- Auld Lang Syne (1937)
- The Mark of Cain (1947)
- Forbidden (1949)
- Paper Orchid (1949)
- Your Witness (1950)
- The Angel with the Trumpet (1950)
- The Reluctant Widow (1950)
- The Cruel Sea (1953)
- John Wesley (1954)
- John and Julie (1955)
- Richard III (1955)
- The Secret Tent (1956)
- The Battle of the River Plate (1956)
- The 39 Steps (1959)
- Kidnapped (1960)
- The Stranglers of Bombay (1960)
- There Was a Crooked Man (1960)
- Greyfriars Bobby: The True Story of a Dog (1961)
- El Cid (1961)
- Murder Most Foul (1964)
- The Old Men at the Zoo (1983) - TV as Mr Sanderson
- Wagner (1983; narrator)
- Miss Marple The Body in the Library (1984) - TV as Conway Jefferson
- Date of birth and death: BFI.org website.
- Google Books search: "Andrew Cruickshank", "29 April 1988" - listed in Oxford dictionary of national biography (2004, p. 518); Annual Obituary, 1988 (p. 182)
- Dr Finlay's Casebook: BBC Scotland website.
- Stage performances (1930-1987) and other biography: Filmreference.com website.
- Education and early professional life: Crystal Reference Encyclopedia website.
- Roles on Broadway, John Maudelyn (Richard of Bordeaux), Earl of Warwick (Saint Joan): IBDB.com website.
- First film role in Auld Lang Syne (1937): Fandango.com website.
- Dr Finlay's Casebook, more detailed profile: British Film Institute's Screenonline website.
- "Finlay" radio episode listings: from Ian Beard's personal website.
- Lewishohn, Mark (2003). Radio Times Guide to TV Comedy. London: BBC Worldwide. ISBN 0-563-48755-0.
- His final role, Mr Hodinett in King & Castle, ITV, 1988: BFI.org website.
- King & Castle, ITV: TV.com website.
- Cruickshank Grove, the road named after him in Milton Keynes: Crownhill.org.uk website.
- Andrew Cruickshank at the Internet Movie Database
- Memories of Andrew Cruickshank by Haldane Duncan, former Emmerdale director