Andrew Donald Booth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Andrew Donald Booth (February 11, 1918 – November 29, 2009)[1][2] was a British electrical engineer, physicist and computer scientist who led the early development of the magnetic drum memory for computers and invented Booth's multiplication algorithm.[1]

Booth was raised in Weybridge, Surrey, and educated at the Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School. In 1937, he won a scholarship to read mathematics at Jesus College, Cambridge. Booth left Cambridge without taking a degree, having become disaffected with pure mathematics as a subject. He chose an external degree from the University of London instead, which he obtained with a first.[1]

From 1943 to 1945, Booth worked as a mathematical physicist in the X-ray team at the British Rubber Producers' Research Association (BRPRA), Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, gaining his PhD in crystallography from Birmingham in 1944. In 1945, he moved to Birkbeck College, University of London, where his work in the crystallography group led him to build some of the first electronic computers in the United Kingdom[3][4] including the All Purpose Electronic Computer, first installed at the British Rayon Research Association.[5] Booth founded Birkbeck's department of numerical automation and was recently named a fellow at the university. He also did early pioneering work in machine translation.[6]

Booth served as President of Lakehead University from 1972–1978.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Andrew Booth: scientist who invented the magnetic storage device, The Times, 12 January 2010.
  2. ^ Johnson, Roger. Pioneer Profile: Andrew Booth. Resurrection, Issue 51, Summer 2010. London: Computer Conservation Society.
  3. ^ The work of Professor Andrew D. Booth, Department of Computer Science, Birkbeck College, London, UK.
  4. ^ Collin, Andrew. Andrew Booth's Computers at Birkbeck College. Resurrection, Issue 5, Spring 1993. London: Computer Conservation Society.
  5. ^ http://www.dcs.bbk.ac.uk/~rgj/Computer%20Science%20at%20Birkbeck%20College%20comp Computer Science at Birkbeck College
  6. ^ Andrew Booth (2003). Mechanical Translation. Readings in machine translation ed. H. L. Somers. M.I.T. 

External links[edit]