Andrew Duffield (musician)
|Birth name||Andrew Peter Duffield|
|Born||9 February 1958|
|Origin||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|Genres||Electronic, alternative rock|
|Occupations||Musician, producer, teacher|
|Instruments||Keyboards, electronics, EMS Synthi AKS|
|Associated acts||Whirlywirld, Bohdan and The Instigators, Models, The Forearm Jolt, Absent Friends|
Andrew Peter Duffield (born 9 February 1958) is an Australian musician, producer and teacher. He has been a member, on keyboards, synthesisers or electronics, for various groups, including Whirlywirld, Models and Absent Friends. Duffield has also been a backing musician for other artists both on tours and for studio sessions.
Andrew Peter Duffield, studied electronic music with Felix Werder, classical music composer and critic, in Melbourne. In June 1978 Duffield played synthesiser for The Boys Next Door's debut album, Door, Door (1979). In August 1978 Duffield on electronics, was a founding member of Whirlywirld with John Murphy on drums and electronics (ex-News); Ian "Ollie" Olsen on lead vocals, electronics, and saxophone (The Reals, The Young Charlatans); Dean Richards on guitar; and Simon Smith on electronics. This line-up issued a three-track self-titled extended play in April the following year. However, in January, Duffield had been replaced in Whirlywirld by Philip Jackson.
Early in 1979 Duffield joined Bohdan and The Instigators alongside Bohdan X (aka Bohdan Kubiakowski) on lead vocals and guitar; together with ex-The Chosen Few band mates: Iain Weaver on lead vocals; Bruce Friday on lead guitar; Cal McAlpine on drums; and Ian Cunningham on bass guitar. Also that year Duffield scored music and provided arrangements for Film Work, a movie which compiled excerpts from four documentaries originally made by Waterside Workers Federation Film Unit between 1953 and 1958; and interviews with its members. By August Duffield had joined Models and Bohdan and The Instigators soon disbanded.
Models had formed in 1978, by the time Duffield joined on keyboards, the other members were Mark Ferrie on bass guitar; Janis Friedenfelds (aka Johnny Crash) on drums and percussion; and Sean Kelly on lead vocals and lead guitar. In October 1979 Models first release was a give-away, shared single, "Early Morning Brain (It's Not Quite the Same as Sobriety)" backed with The Boys Next Door's "Scatterbrain". In July 1980 Models line-up of Duffield with Crash, Ferrie, and Kelly, supported a gig by Ramones in Canberra.
Besides keyboards, including EMS Synthi AKS, Duffield also provided songwriting for six tracks on Models' debut album, Alphabravocharliedeltaechofoxtrotgolf (November 1980). The Canberra Times' Jonathan Green praised Duffields' "swelling, ricocheting keyboards". The group's second album, Local and/or General, appeared in October 1981 with Duffield co-writing five tracks. In May the following year Duffield quit Models but by December he had rejoined. During his absence from the group he scored the soundtrack for the 1982 Ian Pringle feature film, The Plains of Heaven (aka Panic Station). He appeared on Models' next album, The Pleasure of Your Company (October 1983), co-writing all ten tracks.
By late 1984, Models relocated to Sydney. They performed at a 1985 New Year's Day early morning gig with a line-up of Duffield, Kelly, James Freud (ex-Teenage Radio Stars, James Freud & Berlin) on bass guitar and vocals; Barton Price (ex-Crocodiles, Sardine v) on drums; and James Valentine on saxophone. Rachael Warren of The Canberra Times caught the show and felt "[a]nother interesting song of the night was Andrew Duffield's 'Beyond Rap'. He said how unhappy he is, that happiness is a bore, and you can forget all the 'Real Lifes' and 'Pseudo Echos'".
However, despite Duffield's crucial influence on the band's sound, he was forced out of Models by their recently appointed manager, Chris Murphy (INXS), under acrimonious circumstances: Murphy wanted the group to have a more commercial pop sound but Duffield felt this would be a "sell-out". He was replaced by Roger Mason (ex-James Freud & Berlin) on keyboards. Duffield had already co-written "Barbados" with Freud, which was issued in March 1985 as Models' second single from their next album, Out of Mind, Out of Sight, which appeared in August.
During 1985 Duffield and Phil Kenihan produced a three-track extended play, Over the Ropes – A Tribute to Jack Little by The Forearm Jolt, which used a compilation of commentaries by GTV 9 presenters, Jack Little and Paul Jennings, from their program, World Championship Wrestling. Little's catchphrases included "Wham! Bam! Thank you Mam!", "All I can say is – Wow!", "Be There!" and "That's all there is, there isn't any more!"
The EP was released as a tribute to the ailing Little, who died in early January the following year. The Forearm Jolt were a studio ensemble with Duffield on keyboards; Ferrie on bass guitar; Valentine on saxophone; twins sisters Sherine and Zan Abeyratne on vocals; Rozzi Bazzani on vocals; John Fielding on trumpet; Noel Crombie on thumps and bumps; and Andrew Pendlebury on lead guitar. Lyrics were co-written by Duffield, Kenihan and James Cockington.
In 1988 Duffield released his debut solo album, Ten Happy Fingers on his own Retrograde Records label. It was produced by Duffield and Kenihan, all nine tracks were written by Duffield. In the studio Duffield used a variety of musicians including Ferrie on gated bass guitar; Pendlebury on guitar and loops; Maurice Frawley on guitar; Gordon Pitts on Fairlight brass sound; Ron Strykert on guitar; and Wilbur Wilde on saxophone. Duffield wrote the theme song for TV series, Round the Twist. Lead vocals for "Round the Twist" were sung by Tamsin West, who portrayed lead character, Linda Twist, in series 1 (1989).
In May 1989 Duffield, on keyboards, joined Absent Friends, with former Models band mates: Kelly on vocals and guitar; and Valentine on saxophone; they were joined by Wendy Matthews on lead vocals (latter day member of Models and Kelly's then-domestic partner); Nicole Ainslie on keyboards and backing vocals; Garry Gary Beers on bass guitar (on loan from INXS); Michael King (ex-Jimmy Barnes Band) on guitar; and John MacKay (Machinations) on drums.
By mid-December Absent Friends issued their debut single, "Hallelujah", which Canberra Times' Penelope Layland dismissed as "could quite easily have remained a figment of someone's imagination. It sounds as though they all had fun making it, but that's about it. The flip is a different mix of the same song". Absent Friends' debut album, Here's Looking Up Your Address, followed in April the next year and peaked at No. 7 on the ARIA Albums Chart. By late 1990 the group toured Europe supporting INXS but Duffield had been replaced by Geoffrey Stapleton (GANGgajang on hiatus) on keyboards.
Duffield and Kenihan continued their work as a production duo and expanded into TV advertising. Duffield participated in subsequent reformations of Models including in August 2010 for two concerts in Sydney and Melbourne. On 27 October that year, Models were inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame by Matthews. The line-up of Duffield, Ferrie, Kelly, Mason, Price and Valentine performed "I Hear Motion" and "Evolution".
- Over the Ropes - A Tribute to Jack Little by The Forearm Jolt (The Forearm Jolt) - Regular Records (12") (1985) produced by Andrew Duffield, Phil Kenihan
- Ten Happy Fingers - Retrograde Records (1988)
- McFarlane, Ian (1999). "Whammo Homepage". Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-072-1. Archived from the original on 5 April 2004. Retrieved 8 March 2014. Note: Archived [on-line] copy has limited functionality.
- "'Happy Birthday IBM' at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 8 March 2014. Note: user may have to click 'Search again' and provide details at 'Enter a title:' e.g Happy Birthday IBM; or at 'Performer:' Andrew Duffield
- Green, Jonathan (12 November 1981). "Life Style TV Arts Entertainment: Models — Melbourne Pop with a Twitch". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (National Library of Australia). p. 23. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Jones, Andrea. "Birthday Party Celebrate". Rolling Stone Australia (Randwick, NSW: Silvertongues Pty Ltd) (February 1982): 17.
- McFarlane 'Ian 'Ollie' Olsen' entry. Archived from the original on 19 April 2004. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- McFarlane JAB entry. Archived from the original on 23 August 2004. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Holmgren, Magnus; Baird, Paul; Aubrey, Ross; Acosta, Lisa. "The Models". Australian Rock Database. Passagen.se (Magnus Holmgren). Archived from the original on 12 June 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Hughes, John; Warner, Chris; Gow, Keith; Disher, Norma; Page, Glenys; Whitteron, John; Nash, Margot; Argall, Ray; Levy, Jock; Carroll, Viv; Duffield, Andrew; Parrish, Lisa (1979), Film Work, Waterside Workers Federation Film Unit. National Library of Australia, retrieved 9 March 2014, "Summary: This film recalls the work of the Waterside Workers Federation Film Unit. Financed by several trade unions, the Unit produced eleven (mainly documentary) films between 1953- 58. There are excerpts from four of the films (Pensions for Veterans, The Hungry Miles, November Victory and Hewers of Coal) and interviews with the Unit members, Keith Gow, Norma Disher and Jock Levy. Credits: Producer, director, John Hughes; executive producers, Norma Disher, Keith Gow, Jock Levy; photographers, Margot Nash, Glenys Page; editors, John Whitteron, Chris Warner, Viv Carroll; music, Andrew Duffield; animation, Lisa Parrish, Ray Argall".
- Nimmervoll, Ed. "Models". Howlspace. Archived from the original on 27 July 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- "Timespan: The Ramones: a Rock 'n' Roll Parody". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (National Library of Australia). 16 July 1980. p. 19. Retrieved 8 March 2014. "Melbourne band The Model's, from left to right, Andrew Duffield, Johnny Crash, Sean Kelly and Mark Ferrie, who will support the Ramones at the Hellenic Club tonight. The band was originally formed from the remnants of two ill-fated Suicide record label bands, Teenage Radio Stars and Jab. The Models will also play at the Deakin Inn tonight supported by Canberra band the Days". Note: The article provides a contemporaneous newsprint photo of Models mid-1980 line-up.
- McFarlane, 'Models' entry. Archived from the original on 4 June 2004. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- "Timespan: Vicky O'Keefe Steps out on Own". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (National Library of Australia). 5 January 1983. p. 12. Retrieved 8 March 2014. "keyboard player Andrew Duffield took a five month break. But now they're all back together again, and ready to hit Canberra".
- "The Plains of Heaven – Cast, Crew, Director and Awards". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). 1982. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Warren, Rachael (9 January 1985). "Is 1985 the Year of the Models?". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (National Library of Australia). p. 16. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- "'Barbados' at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- York, Barry (2012). "Little, Jack Hiram (1908–1986)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- "World Championship Wrestling: Over the Ropes - A Tribute to Jack Little by The Forearm Jolt". Australian Television Memorabilia Guide (Nodette Enterprises Pty Ltd). 1985. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Linnell, Garry (6 January 1986). "Wrestling's Nice Guy – Jack Little Dead at 77". The Age. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- "'Round the Twist' at APRA search engine". Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA). Retrieved 9 March 2014. Note: user may have to click 'Search again' and provide details at 'Enter a title:' e.g Round the Twist; or at 'Performer:' Round the Twists
- "Round the Twist". The History Files. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- McFarlane, 'Absent Friends' entry. Archived from the original on 3 August 2004. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- Thompson, Peter (30 May 2005). "Talking Heads with Peter Thompson: Wendy Matthews" (transcript). ABC TV. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- "INX Band Bios: Garry Beers". INXS.com. Archived from the original on 9 March 2014. Retrieved 2008-11-14.
- Holmgren, Magnus; Francois, Ron. "Absent Friends". Australian Rock Database. Passagen.se (Magnus Holmgren). Archived from the original on 26 September 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- Layland, Penelope (14 December 1989). "Music: Singles: Absent Friends. 'Hallelujah'. (rooArt/PolyGram)". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (National Library of Australia). p. 9 Section: Good Times. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- Hung, Steffen. "Discography Absent Friends". Australian Charts Portal. Hung Medien (Steffen Hung). Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- Watt, Andrew (15 July 2010). "Models' Sean Kelly Interview". Hey Hey My My. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- "Old Talent Time: ARIA Honours Music Legends". Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). Australian Associated Press (AAP). 28 October 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- Treuen, Jason (28 October 2010). "ARIA Hall of Fame Celebrates Music's Loved Ones". The Music Network (Peer Group Media). Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- Street, Andrew P (25 October 2010). "Models Inducted into ARIA Hall of Fame". Time Out (Time Out Group). Retrieved 9 March 2014.