Andrew Foster (educator)
|Andrew Jackson Foster|
June 26, 1925|
|Died||December 3, 1987
Andrew Jackson Foster (1925–1987) was a missionary to the deaf in Africa from 1956 until his death in 1987. In 1954, he became the first Black deaf person to earn a bachelor's degree from Gallaudet College and the first to earn a master's degree from Eastern Michigan University. He soon earned a second master's degree from Seattle Pacific Christian College. He founded Christian Mission for the Deaf African in 1956 and eventually set out for Accra, Ghana, where he established the first school for the deaf on the entire continent of Africa.
Andrew Foster was born in Ensley, Alabama, the son of a coal miner. His parents were Wiley and Veline. He and his younger brother Edward became deaf through spinal meningitis in 1936. Educational opportunities for African Americans in that era prevented him from achieving more than a sixth-grade education. At the age of sixteen, he moved to Detroit, Michigan to live with his aunt and attended Bethany Pembroke church where he later committed his life to the call of Christ. He completed high school through a correspondence course with an American School in Chicago, Ill in 1951.
In 1961 Andrew was married to Berta, a deaf German, and together they have 5 children (4 boys and 1 girl). Gallaudet College awarded him an honorary doctorate in Humane Letters in 1970 for his accomplishment.[clarification needed]
Deaf education in Africa
The Fosters encountered cultures so oppressive of deaf people that parents often hid their deaf children at home or abandoned them altogether. Hearing missionaries and school administrators told him that deaf children didn't even exist in Africa. But shortly after opening a school for the deaf in Accra, Ghana, his school was filled to capacity and had a long waiting list. Over time, Foster would travel from country to country, opening some 30 different schools, churches, Sunday schools and centers for the deaf in countries all across central Africa, from Senegal to Kenya.
Goal and success
Foster began his work in 1956 by convincing school officials to let him use their classrooms after hours to teach the deaf. In Ghana he found a public school willing to allow him to use their facility after hours to teach the deaf, and within months the school had a waiting list of over 300 families wanting to send their deaf children to his school. As the deaf began to become literate, Foster would supplement their education with trade skills, and the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Foster also convinced existing churches and missions to expand their ministry to include the deaf.
Deaf Mosaic segment - Episode #404 of the Gallaudet University-produced Deaf Mosaic had a tribute to Andrew Foster.
- Described and Captioned Media Program registration required, physical loan for classroom setting.
- Gallaudet University Video Library Catalog, online viewing available.
- Education in Africa
- Deafness for a comparison of the medical, disability and cultural models of deafness.
- Deaf culture
- American Sign Language
- Missionary Biographical Sketch of Andrew Jackson Foster[dead link]
- Statistics of Christian Ministry for the Deaf
- National Black Deaf Advocates-Andrew Foster Scholarship[dead link]