Andrew Paul Gilligan (born 22 November 1968) is a British journalist best known for a 2003 report on BBC Radio 4's The Today Programme in which he said a British government briefing paper on Iraq and weapons of mass destruction (the September Dossier) had been 'sexed up'. In 2013 he became London's Cycling Commissioner.
Gilligan was born in Teddington in London and was educated at Grey Court School, Kingston College of Further Education and at St John's College, Cambridge, where he studied history and was news editor of the student newspaper Varsity. He was also a member of Cambridge Organisation of Labour Students and stood as one of its candidates for the Cambridge delegation to the National Union of Students conference in 1994. Keith Vaz said he employed Gilligan as an intern, but then dismissed him because he had forged references on his CV.
Career in journalism
In 1994, after a summer placement on The Independent, he joined the Cambridge Evening News and later moved to the Sunday Telegraph where he became a specialist reporter on defence. In 1999 he was recruited by BBC Radio 4 Today programme editor Rod Liddle as Defence and Diplomatic Correspondent. In May 2003, Gilligan made a broadcast in which he claimed that the British Government had "sexed up" a report in order to exaggerate the WMD capabilities of Saddam Hussein. Gilligan resigned from the BBC in 2004, in the wake of the Hutton Inquiry, after Lord Hutton questioned the reliability of Gilligan's evidence. In a statement, he admitted making mistakes and also stated, "The government did sex up the dossier, transforming possibilities and probabilities into certainties, removing vital caveats".
Gilligan joined[when?] the London Evening Standard, where he was a critic of former Mayor of London Ken Livingstone. In April 2008, Gilligan was named Journalist of the Year at the British Press Awards for his work on the Mayoralty. In autumn 2009, he joined the Daily and Sunday Telegraph.
Gilligan presented a fortnightly programme for Press TV, the Iranian government's English-language TV channel. Rod Liddle challenged Gilligan in July 2009 about working for an "international propaganda channel run by the Iranian government". Gilligan stopped his regular show in December 2009, though he appeared twice more on the network just before the UK's May 2010 general election. Gilligan attributed his decision to leave to the "Iranian shilling that was inconsistent with my opposition to Islamism. I have not worked for Press TV since." Gilligan also stated that his work for Press TV consisted of a "regular discussion show on the station, in which Islamism, and the policies of the Iranian government, were often debated and challenged."
In October 2008, it was reported that Gilligan had engaged in sockpuppeting. Guardian journalist Dave Hill wrote about the allegations. Gilligan stated that one of the alleged sockpuppets was his "partner".
On 22 November 2011 Gilligan criticised the Leveson Inquiry in an appearance before the House of Lords communications committee. When asked about the main threats to investigative journalism in the foreseeable future, he argued "The most important threat is official restraint, by which I mean libel and privacy law, state surveillance, and the potential threat posed by the Leveson inquiry." He wrote that the public still trusted the press, and in the wake of the BBC's false linking of child abuse to Lord McAlpine he suggested Lord Leveson should take note. However, Gilligan himself was cited in a submission to the Leveson enquiry,  also in a case of child abuse which he had wrongly linked to a mosque. The Telegraph deleted Gilligan's article and issued a correction, though he later denied any story he had written had been corrected.
In January 2013 Gilligan was appointed as the Cycling Commissioner for London by Mayor Boris Johnson. In March 2013 Gilligan, together with Johnson, launched "The Mayor's Vision for Cycling in London", a statement which included plans for a "Crossrail for bikes" running a fully segregated route from east to west across London, to be in place by 2016. The statement also announced a Central London "bike grid" which would join-up and improve existing cycle routes in Zone 1.
- "Profile: Andrew Gilligan". bbc.co.uk. 30 January 2004. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "About Varsity". varsity.co.uk. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- Christine Shawcroft (2010-09-21). "NEC report back: Report of the NEC meeting held on 21 September 2010". Retrieved 2011-10-19.
- "David Kelly: timeline". Telegraph. 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- "'I have considerable doubts as to how reliable this journalist's evidence is'". Telegraph. 2004-01-29. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
- "Gilligan statement in full". BBC News. 30 January 2004. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "British Press Awards: Andrew Gilligan named journalist of the year". Press Gazette. 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- Brook, Stephen (19 June 2009). "Andrew Gilligan to join the Telegraph". Guardian. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Dispatches – Britain's Islamic Republic". Channel 4. 2010-03-01. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- "The truth about Andrew Gilligan". New Statesman (London). 22 November 2010.
- "Mehdi Hasan: New Statesman's senior editor makes up quote". The Telegraph (London). 22 November 2010.
- Andrew Gilligan caught 'sockpuppeting' his critics Adam Bienkov
- Hill, Dave (3 November 2008). "Andrew Gilligan,". The Guardian (London).
- "The Feral Beast: spoils divided at 'Private Eye". The Independent (London). 9 November 2008.
- Leveson inquiry criticised by Daily Telegraph's Andrew Gilligan John Plunkett
- Investigative journalism: my testimony to the Lords' select committee Andrew Gilligan
- Trust in the press has not died Andrew Gilligan
- Newsnight was wrong, the BBC more so Andrew Gilligan
- Submission by the East London Mosque
- UK Muslim extremist leader jailed for molesting little girls while they recited religious texts Andrew Gilligan (original source deleted)
- East London Mosque The Telegraph
- Daily Telegraph Publishes Corrections East London Mosque
- East London Mosque just can't stop digging Andrew Gilligan
- Andrew Gilligan on LBC
- Lydall, Ross (25 January 2013). "Andrew Gilligan to be Mayor's cycling tsar on £38,000 salary for two day week". London Evenining Standard. Retrieved 28 January 2013.