Andrew Huang

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Andrew Huang
Andrew Huang
Born 1975 (age 38–39)
Kalamazoo, MI
Nationality USA
Other names bunnie
Known for Chumby, Hacking the Xbox,

Andrew "bunnie" Huang is an American hacker, who holds a Ph.D in electrical engineering from MIT and is the author of the freely available 2003 book Hacking the Xbox: An Introduction to Reverse Engineering.[1] Huang is also a member of the Zeta Beta Tau fraternity. As of 2012 he resides in Singapore.[2]


Huang was the hardware lead at Chumby; his responsibilities included the design and production of chumby devices, as well as the strategic planning and ecosystem development of the broader chumby hardware platform. He has completed several major projects, ranging from hacking the Xbox, to designing the world's first fully integrated photonic-silicon chips running at 10 Gbit/s with Luxtera, Inc., to building some of the first prototype hardware for silicon nanowire device research with Caltech. bunnie has also participated in the design of 802.11b/Bluetooth transceivers (with Mobilian), graphics chips (with SGI), digital cinema CODECs (with Qualcomm), and autonomous robotic submarines (with MIT ORCA/AUVSI). He is also responsible for the un-design of many security systems, with an appetite for the challenge of digesting silicon-based hardware security. Huang is a contributing writer for MAKE magazine, as well as being a member of their technical advisory board. He has also written extensively about manufacturing in China.[3]

Huang has also used reverse-engineering techniques to reveal why certain MicroSD cards are poor in quality.[4] In 2013, he presented results in collaboration with Sean 'xobs' Cross revealing methods to load arbitrary code into microSD cards via backdoors built into the embedded controller.[5]

Huang was to be a witness in a trial for whether Xbox modding violates the DMCA.[6] The case was eventually dropped.[7]

He also created the NeTV, which was the first known public use of the High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) 'master key'. The device uses the master key to implement a video overlay on existing HDCP-protected links, in a fashion which purportedly does not violate the DMCA.[8] The NeTV hardware and firmware is entirely open source.[9]

He also created the open-source hardware Safecast Geiger Counter Reference Design, as a volunteer effort in response to the Tohoku-Oki earthquake and the ensuing meltdown of Fukushima Daiichi.[10][11]

The open source hardware laptop motherboard, Novena, by Andrew 'bunnie' Huang.

In 2013 bunnie announced that he was designing his own opensource hardware laptop called Novena in collaboration with Sean 'xobs' Cross that featured entirely NDA-free components.[12] In addition to the normal laptop components, the Novena motherboard also includes an FPGA, dual Ethernet ports, a three-axis accelerometer, and easily extended hardware.[13]

One of his latest projects, in collaboration with Jie Qi of the MIT Media Lab, is Circuit Stickers (under the trade name chibitronics[14]), peel-and-stick electronics for crafting electronics.[15]

Huang was interviewed on the The Amp Hour show in episode #84 - An Interview with Bunnie Huang - Bunnie's Bibelot Bonification, where he talked about his electronics work in China and reverse engineering.[16]


In 2012 he received an EFF Pioneer Award for his work in hardware hacking, open source and activism.[17]

In 2007 he received the Lewis Winner award for Best paper at ISSCC 2006 (A 10Gbit/s photonic modulator and WDM MUX/DEMUX integrated with electronics in 0.13 um SOI CMOS, Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2006. ISSCC 2006. Digest of Technical Papers. IEEE International)[18]



  1. ^ bunnie (2013-03). "An open letter from bunnie, author of Hacking the Xbox". No Starch Press. 
  2. ^ Ian Lesnet (2012-08-23). "Workshop Video #36: Beers in Bunnie’s Workshop". Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  3. ^ Doctorow, Cory (July 13, 2007). "Bunnie Huang's blog-series on Chinese manufacturing". Boing Boing. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  4. ^ Doctorow, Cory (Feb 16, 2010). "Sleuthing uncovers the mystery of Kingston MicroSD cards' crappy QA". Boing Boing. Retrieved May 1, 2011. 
  5. ^ bunnie and xobs (2013-12-29). "The Exploration and Exploitation of an SD Memory Card". 30c3. 
  6. ^ Kravets, David (October 21, 2010). "Threat Level Privacy, Crime and Security Online Previous post Next post Prosecutors Seek to Block Xbox Hacking Pioneer From Trial". Wired. Retrieved May 1, 2011. 
  7. ^ Kravets, David (December 2, 2010). "Prosecutors Dismiss Xbox-Modding Case Mid-Trial". Wired. Retrieved May 1, 2011. 
  8. ^ Goodin, Dan (September 16, 2011). "How gizmo maker's hack outflanked copyright trolls". The Register. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
  9. ^ Source code links at
  10. ^ Cory Doctorow (2012-03-15). "Bunnie Huang's open Geiger counter: design notes and reference". Boing Boing. 
  11. ^ Dan Sythe (2012-09-27). "Inside the Heart and Soul of a new Geiger counter". Geiger Counter Bulletin. 
  12. ^ Bunnie Huang (2014-01-08). "Building an Open Source Laptop". Makezine. 
  13. ^ bunnie (2014-03-14). "Novena Main Page". 
  14. ^ Chibitronics (2014-6). "Crafting with electricity". Chibitronics main website. 
  15. ^ Chibitronics (2013-12). "Circuit Stickers". Crowd Supply. 
  16. ^ "The Amp Hour #84 - An Interview with Bunnie Huang - Bunnie's Bibelot Bonification". The Amp Hour. The Amp Hour. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  17. ^ "Hardware Hacker, Anti-ACTA Activist, and Groundbreaking Anonymity Group Win EFF Pioneer Awards" (Press release). EFF. 2012-09-27. 
  18. ^ "ISSCC 2007 / Session 1 / Plenary Awards". IEEE. 2007-02-12. 

External links[edit]

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