Andrew Bacevich

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Andrew Bacevich
120612-N-LE393-170 (7368347472).jpg
Andrew Bacevich, from Boston University, speaks during a panel discussion of the 2012 Current Strategy Forum at the U.S. Naval War College.
Born (1947-07-05) July 5, 1947 (age 66)[1]
Normal, Illinois, United States
Education West Point (B.S., 1969)
Princeton University (M.A., Ph.D.)
Occupation Historian, writer, professor; Colonel, U.S. Army (Retired)
Employer Boston University
Known for Analysis of U.S. foreign policy
Religion Roman Catholic[1]
Spouse(s) Nancy[1]
Children Andrew J. Bacevich, Jr. (b. 8-Jul-1979, d. 13-May-2007)[1]
Jennifer Bacevich
Amy Bacevich
Katy Bacevich
Military career
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1969–1990s
Rank US-O6 insignia.svg Colonel
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Gulf War

Andrew J. Bacevich, Jr. (born 1947) is an American political scientist specializing in international relations, security studies, American foreign policy, and American diplomatic and military history. He is currently Professor of International Relations and History at Boston University.[2] He is also a retired career officer in the Armor Branch of the United States Army, retiring with the rank of Colonel. He is a former director of Boston University's Center for International Relations (from 1998 to 2005) and author of several books, including American Empire: The Realities and Consequences of US Diplomacy (2002), The New American Militarism: How Americans are Seduced by War (2005) and The Limits of Power: The End of American Exceptionalism (2008). He has also appeared on television shows such as The Colbert Report and the Bill Moyers Report and has written op-eds which have appeared in papers such as The New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Boston Globe, Los Angeles Times, and Financial Times. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.[3]

Bacevich has been "a persistent, vocal critic of the U.S. occupation of Iraq, calling the conflict a catastrophic failure."[4] In March 2007, he described George W. Bush's endorsement of such "preventive wars" as "immoral, illicit, and imprudent."[4][5] His son, also an Army officer, died fighting in the Iraq War in May 2007.[4]

Life and work[edit]

Bacevich was born in Normal, Illinois, the son of Martha Ellen (Bulfer) and Andrew Bacevich.[6] His father was of Lithuanian descent and his mother was of Irish, German, and English ancestry.[7] He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1969 and served in the United States Army during the Vietnam War, serving in Vietnam from the summer of 1970 to the summer of 1971. Later he held posts in Germany, including the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment; the United States; and the Persian Gulf up to his retirement from the service with the rank of Colonel in the early 1990s. He holds a Ph.D. in American Diplomatic History from Princeton University, and taught at West Point and Johns Hopkins University before joining the faculty at Boston University in 1998.

On May 13, 2007, Bacevich's son, 1LT Andrew John Bacevich, was killed in action in Iraq by an improvised explosive device south of Samarra in Salah ad Din Governorate.[8] The younger Bacevich, 27, was a First Lieutenant in the U.S. Army,[9] assigned to the 3rd Battalion, 8th U.S. Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division.

Bacevich also has three daughters.[9]

Writings[edit]

Bacevich has described himself as a "Catholic conservative" [10] and initially published writings in a number of politically oriented magazines, including The Wilson Quarterly. His recent writings have professed a dissatisfaction with the Bush Administration and many of its intellectual supporters on matters of American foreign policy.

On August 15, 2008, Bacevich appeared as the guest of Bill Moyers Journal on PBS to promote his book, The Limits of Power. As in both of his previous books, The Long War (2007) and The New American Militarism: How Americans are Seduced by War (2005), Bacevich is critical of American foreign policy in the post Cold War era, maintaining the United States has developed an over-reliance on military power, in contrast to diplomacy, to achieve its foreign policy aims. He also asserts that policymakers in particular, and the American people in general, overestimate the usefulness of military force in foreign affairs. Bacevich believes romanticized images of war in popular culture (especially movies) interact with the lack of actual military service among most of the U.S. population to produce in the American people a highly unrealistic, even dangerous notion of what combat and military service are really like.

Bacevich conceived The New American Militarism not only as "a corrective to what has become the conventional critique of U.S. policies since 9/11 but as a challenge to the orthodox historical context employed to justify those policies."

Finally, he attempts to place current policies in historical context, as part of an American tradition going back to the Presidency of Woodrow Wilson, a tradition (of an interventionist, militarized foreign policy) which has strong bi-partisan roots. To lay an intellectual foundation for this argument, he cites two influential historians from the 20th century: Charles A. Beard and William Appleman Williams.

Ultimately, Bacevich eschews the partisanship of current debate about American foreign policy as short-sighted and ahistorical. Instead of blaming only one President (or his advisors) for contemporary policies, Bacevich sees both Republicans and Democrats as sharing responsibility for policies which may not be in the nation's best interest.

In March 2003, at the time of the U.S. invasion of Iraq, Bacevich wrote in The Los Angeles Times that "if, as seems probable, the effort encounters greater resistance than its architects imagine, our way of life may find itself tested in ways that will make the Vietnam War look like a mere blip in American history."[4]

An editorial about the Bush Doctrine was published by the Boston Globe in March 2007.[5]

In an article of The American Conservative dated March 24, 2008, Bacevich depicts Democratic Presidential candidate Barack Obama as the best choice for conservatives in the fall. Part of his argument includes the fact that "this liberal Democrat has promised to end the U.S. combat role in Iraq. Contained within that promise, if fulfilled, lies some modest prospect of a conservative revival."[10] He also goes on to mention that "For conservatives to hope the election of yet another Republican will set things right is surely in vain. To believe that President John McCain will reduce the scope and intrusiveness of federal authority, cut the imperial presidency down to size, and put the government on a pay-as-you-go basis is to succumb to a great delusion."[10]

In the October 11, 2009, issue of The Boston Globe,[11] he wrote that the decision to commit more troops to Afghanistan may be the most fateful choice of the Obama administration. "If the Afghan war then becomes the consuming issue of Obama’s presidency — as Iraq became for his predecessor, as Vietnam did for Lyndon Johnson, and as Korea did for Harry Truman — the inevitable effect will be to compromise the prospects of reform more broadly," Bacevich wrote.

In his article "Non Believer" in the July 7, 2010, issue of The New Republic, Bacevich compared President George W. Bush, whom he characterizes as wrong-headed but sincere, with President Obama, whom he says has no belief in the Afghanistan war but pursues it for his own politically cynical reasons: "Who is more deserving of contempt? The commander-in-chief who sends young Americans to die for a cause, however misguided, in which he sincerely believes? Or the commander-in-chief who sends young Americans to die for a cause in which he manifestly does not believe and yet refuses to forsake?"[12]

In an October 2010 interview with Guernica Magazine, Bacevich addressed his seemingly contradictory stance on Obama. While Bacevich supported Obama during the 2008 presidential race in which Obama repeatedly said he believed in the Afghanistan War, Bacevich has become increasingly critical of Obama's decision to commit additional troops to that war: "I interpreted his campaign rhetoric about Afghanistan as an effort to insulate him from the charge of being a national security wimp. His decision to escalate was certainly not a decision his supporters were clamoring for." [13]

Bacevich's papers are currently housed at the Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center at Boston University.

Bibliography[edit]

Books[edit]

Journal Articles[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Andrew Bacevich at the Notable Names Database
  2. ^ http://www.bu.edu/ir/faculty/alphabetical/bacevich/
  3. ^ http://security.nationaljournal.com/contributors/andrew-bacevich.php
  4. ^ a b c d MacQuarrie, Brian (2007-05-15). "Son of professor opposed to war is killed in Iraq". Boston Globe. 
  5. ^ a b Bacevich, Andrew J. (2007-03-01). "Rescinding the Bush Doctrine". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2007-05-01. 
  6. ^ http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/nwitimes/obituary.aspx?n=martha-ellen-greenis-bacevich&pid=154748279&fhid=8241
  7. ^ http://www.westpointcoh.org/westpointcoh/interview/navigating-an-ethical-critique-for-a-new-kind-of-war-in-iraq/print
  8. ^ Honor the Fallen Army 1st Lt. Andrew J. Bacevich
  9. ^ a b "Soldier from Fort Hood killed in Iraq", The Associated Press, published May 14, 2007, accessed May 15, 2007.
  10. ^ a b c Barlow, Rich (November 22, 2010). "Are Americans God's Chosen People?". BU Today. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  11. ^ Bacevich, Andrew J. (October 11, 2009). "Afghanistan - the proxy war". The Boston Globe. 
  12. ^ Bacevich, Andrew, "Non-Believer", The New Republic, August 31, 2010 10:53 pm ET. Retrieved 2010-09-05. Referenced in Frank Rich, "Freedom's just another word", The New York Times, September 4, 2010 (September 5, 2010 p. WK8, NY ed.).
  13. ^ Bacevich, Andrew J. (October 1, 2010). "Blood Without Guts". Guernica Magazine. 
  14. ^ Overview of Washington Rules at Mises.org
  15. ^ Review of Washington Rules at NY Times

External links[edit]