Andrew Kim Taegon

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St. Andrew Kim Taegon
Andrew Kim Tae-gŏn.jpg
A statue of Saint Andrew Kim Taegon, the first Korean Catholic priest.
Patron Saint of Korea
Born (1821-08-21)August 21, 1821
Korea
Died September 16, 1846(1846-09-16) (aged 25)
Han River, Hanseong, Joseon
(now Seoul, South Korea)
Honored in
Catholic Church
Anglican Church
Beatified 1925
Canonized 6 May 1984 by Pope John Paul II
Major shrine Chŏltusan (Martyr's Mound), Seoul, South Korea
Feast 20 September (Roman calendar)
Attributes Hanbok and gat, crucifix, a red stole
Patronage Korean Clergy
This is a Korean name; the family name is Kim.
Andrew Kim Taegon
Hangul 김대건 안드레아
Hanja 金大建
Revised Romanization Gim Dae-geon Andeurea
McCune–Reischauer Kim Taegŏn Andǔrea

Saint Kim Taegon Andrea (Hangul: 김대건 안드레아, Hanja: 金大建) (1821–1846), generally referred to as Saint Andrew Kim Taegon in English, was the first Korean-born Catholic priest and is the patron saint of Korea. In the late 18th century, Roman Catholicism began to take root slowly in Korea[1] and was introduced by laypeople. In 1836 Korea saw its first consecrated missionaries (members of the Paris Foreign Missions Society) arrive,[2] only to find out that the people there were already practicing Catholicism.

Born of yangban, Kim's parents were converts and his father was subsequently martyred for practising Christianity, a prohibited activity in heavily Confucian Korea. After being baptized at age 15, Kim studied at a seminary in the Portuguese colony of Macau. He also spent time in study at Lolomboy, Bocaue, Bulacan, Philippines, where a statue of him stands in a village. He was ordained a priest in Shanghai after nine years (1844) by the French bishop Jean-Joseph-Jean-Baptiste Ferréol. He then returned to Korea to preach and evangelize. During the Joseon Dynasty, Christianity was suppressed and many Christians were persecuted and executed. Catholics had to covertly practise their faith. Kim was one of several thousand Christians who were executed during this time. In 1846, at the age of 25, he was tortured and beheaded near Seoul on the Han River. His last words were:

"This is my last hour of life, listen to me attentively: if I have held communication with foreigners, it has been for my religion and for my God. It is for Him that I die. My immortal life is on the point of beginning. Become Christians if you wish to be happy after death, because God has eternal chastisements in store for those who have refused to know Him."[3]

Before Ferréol, the first bishop of Korea, died from exhaustion on 3 February 1853, he wanted to be buried beside Kim, stating, “You will never know how sad I was to lose this young native priest. I have loved him as a father loved his son; it is a consolation for me to think of his eternal happiness.”[3]

On May 6, 1984, Pope John Paul II canonized Kim along with 102 other Korean Martyrs, including Paul Chong Hasang, during his trip to Korea. Their memorial is September 20.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Walsh, ed. "Butler's Lives of the Saints" (HarperCollins Publishers: New York, 1991), p. 297.
  2. ^ The Liturgy of the Hours Supplement (New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1992, pp. 17–18.
  3. ^ a b The Fathers of the London Oratory, tr., The New Glories of the Catholic Church, p.118, Richardson and Son, London, 1859

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Statue of Saint Andrew Kim
Tae-gon in the
yard of Myeongdong Cathedral