Andrew L. Harris

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This article is about the American Civil War general and 44th governor of Ohio. For other uses, see Andrew Harris (disambiguation).
Andrew Lintner Harris
Andrew Lintner Harris - oval.jpg
44th Governor of Ohio
In office
June 18, 1906 – January 11, 1909
Preceded by John M. Pattison
Succeeded by Judson Harmon
29th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
January 8, 1906 – June 18, 1906
Governor John M. Pattison
Preceded by Warren G. Harding
Succeeded by Francis W. Treadway
23rd Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
January 11, 1892 – January 13, 1896
Governor William McKinley
Preceded by William V. Marquis
Succeeded by Asa W. Jones
Member of the Ohio Senate
from the 3rd district
In office
January 1, 1866 – January 5, 1868
Preceded by Lewis B. Gunckel
Succeeded by Jonathan Kenney
Personal details
Born (1835-11-17)November 17, 1835
Milford Township, Butler County, Ohio
Died September 13, 1915(1915-09-13) (aged 79)
Resting place Mound Hill Union Cemetery, Eaton, Ohio
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Caroline Conger
Children one
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Union
Service/branch  United States Army
Union Army
Rank Union army brig gen rank insignia.jpg Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War

Andrew Lintner Harris (also known as The Farmer-Statesman) (November 17, 1835 – September 13, 1915) was one of the heroes of the Battle of Gettysburg and the last Civil War general to serve as a governor in the U.S., serving as the 44th Governor of Ohio.

Biography[edit]

Harris was born in Milford Township, Butler County, Ohio, and was educated in the local schools. After graduating from Miami University in 1860, Harris enlisted as a private in the Union Army. Harris was married at West Florence, Ohio to Caroline Conger[1] of Preble County, Ohio on October 17, 1865. They had one son.[2][3]

Career[edit]

Hw quickly rose to the rank of Colonel of the 75th Ohio Infantry, seeing action in many of the Army of the Potomac's engagements. At Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, he led his men in a successful withdrawal through the hotly contested streets to Cemetery Hill, where they entrenched on the northeastern slope. Assuming command of a brigade, Harris played a key role in delaying repeated attacks the next day by Harry T. Hays's famed Louisiana Tigers, helping secure the critical hill for George G. Meade. Harris continued to lead troops through the war, although he suffered an embarrassing defeat in August 1864 at the Battle of Gainesville in Florida.

An attorney, Harris began practicing law in 1865 and then served in the Ohio State Senate from 1866 to 1870 and as Preble County Probate Judge from 1875 to 1882. Harris served as the 23rd and 29th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio having been elected in 1891 and 1893 as the running mate of William McKinley, and again in 1905, when Democrat John M. Pattison was elected governor. An early temperance activist and Republican politician, Harris succeeded Pattison (upon the latter's death in June 1906) as governor, serving from 1906 to 1909. He was renominated in 1908, but lost narrowly to Judson Harmon in the gubernatorial election. While in office, Harris signed legislation banning corporate political donations. Harris also served on the U.S. Industrial Commission on Trusts under President McKinley.

Honors[edit]

Per state law, U.S. 127 between Hamilton and Eaton was renamed the Gov. Andrew L. Harris Bicentennial Roadway. At the Milford Township Bicentennial in 2005, the Gov. Andrew L. Harris Bicentennial Roadway was dedicated by the Governor's relative, James Brodbelt Harris, president of the family reunion association and whose family continues to own an Ohio Century Farm in the township.

Death[edit]

Harris died of heart trouble on September 13, 1915,[1] and is interred in Mound Hill Union Cemetery, Eaton, Preble County, Ohio USA.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Andrew L. Harris". Ohio Fundamental Documents. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Taylor, William Alexander (1909). Centennial history of Columbus and Franklin County, Ohio 2. Chicago: S J Clarke Publishing Company. pp. 322–324. 
  3. ^ The National cyclopaedia of American biography: being the history .... Supplement I. New York: James T White and Company. 1910. p. 226. 
  4. ^ "Andrew L. Harris". Find A Grave. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
William V. Marquis
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
1892–1896
Succeeded by
Asa W. Jones
Preceded by
Warren G. Harding
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
1906
Succeeded by
Francis W. Treadway
Preceded by
John M. Pattison
Governor of Ohio
1906–1909
Succeeded by
Judson Harmon
Party political offices
Preceded by
Myron T. Herrick
Republican Party nominee for Governor of Ohio
1908
Succeeded by
Warren G. Harding