Andrew Meldrum

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For the Scottish scientist, see Andrew Norman Meldrum.

Andrew Meldrum (born 1951) is an American journalist who has concentrated on Africa and human rights. He worked in Zimbabwe for 23 years. Currently Meldrum is Assistant Africa Editor for The Associated Press, working in Johannesburg, South Africa. He was The Economist magazine and The Guardian newspaper correspondent in Zimbabwe from 1980 to May 2003 before being illegally expelled by the Zimbabwean government because the government objected to his reports exposing state torture.[1]

Biography[edit]

Meldrum attended high school at Western Reserve Academy in Hudson, Ohio, graduating in 1970.[2] He then studied history at Middlebury College [3] and got a Masters degree from Columbia University School of Journalism in 1977.[4]

In 2004 Meldrum won the Schork Award for "courageous international journalism" from Columbia University. In his career and stay in Zimbabwe, he wrote a book called Where We Have Hope: A Memoir of Zimbabwe which talks about his 23 years stay.[5]

He was at Harvard University as a Nieman Fellow in the 2007/2008 academic year where he researched on the role of the press in Zimbabwe and South Africa.[6]

Arrest and expulsion[edit]

In May 2002, Meldrum was briefly jailed after the Zimbabwean government charged him with violating a statute against "publishing a falsehood" for reporting a man's claims that his wife was decapitated by Mugabe supporters (Zanu-PF) in front of her two young children. It later became evident that the man had fabricated the decapitation story. Meldrum's trial lasted two months and he could have faced two years in jail. He was defended by Zimbabwean lawyer Beatrice Mtetwa. Meldrum was acquitted and the magistrate ruled that he had acted as a responsible journalist., only to receive a deportation order.[7] In a second legal case, a judge ruled that Meldrum, as the holder of a permit of permanent residence, had the legal right to stay and work in the country.

Meldrum continued his work and exposed how a member of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change was beaten in police custody and later died. In May, 2003, Meldrum was abducted by Zimbabwean authorities and illegally expelled from Zimbabwe to South Africa where he continued to write for The Guardian on Zimbabwe. His lawyer, Beatrice Mtetwa, had obtained court orders allowing him to remain in the country but he was abducted by police and detained before leaving Zimbabwe.[8]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zimbabwe evicts our correspondent". The Economist. 2003-05-22. Archived from the original on 21 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  2. ^ "Western Reserve Academy - Waring Prize". Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  3. ^ "Biography". Center for International Development, Harvard University. Archived from the original on 5 April 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  4. ^ "Profile in Journalism". Retrieved 2008-07-16. 
  5. ^ "Foreign correspondent biographies". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  6. ^ Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University
  7. ^ Peta, Basildon (2002-07-16). "Zimbabwe reporter is acquitted and ordered to leave". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  8. ^ "Freedom prize for Zimbabwe lawyer". ak-sophiabooks.org. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 

External links[edit]