Andrew Murray, 1st Viscount Dunedin

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Dunedin
GCVO PC QC
1stViscountDunedin.jpg
Secretary for Scotland
In office
9 October 1903 – 2 February 1905
Monarch Edward VII
Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
Preceded by The Lord Balfour of Burleigh
Succeeded by The Marquess of Linlithgow
Lord Justice General
In office
1905–1913
Monarch Edward VII
George V
Preceded by Lord Balfour
Succeeded by Alexander Ure
Personal details
Born 21 November 1849 (1849-11-21)
Died 21 August 1942 (1942-08-22)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) (1) Mary Edmonstone
(1857–1922)
(2) Jean Findlay
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Andrew Graham Murray, 1st Viscount Dunedin GCVO, PC, QC (21 November 1849 – 21 August 1942) was a Scottish politician and judge. He served as Secretary for Scotland between 1903 and 1905, as Lord Justice General and Lord President of the Court of Session between 1905 and 1913 and as a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary between 1913 and 1932.

Background and education[edit]

Murray was the son of Thomas Graham Murray and Caroline Jane, daughter of John Tod.[1] His father and grandfather were solicitors, and founding partners of the Edinburgh firm Tods Murray & Jamieson.[2] He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge.[3]

Political and legal career, 1891–1905[edit]

Murray was called to the Scottish Bar in 1874 and became a Queen's Counsel in 1891.[1] The latter year he was also elected Member of Parliament for Bute,[4] a seat he held until 1905,[5] and appointed Solicitor General for Scotland in Lord Salisbury's Conservative administration. The Conservatives lost power in 1892 but when they returned to office in 1895 under Salisbury, Murray was once again made Solicitor-General for Scotland.

In 1896 he was promoted to Lord Advocate and sworn of the Privy Council.[6] He remained as Lord Advocate when Arthur Balfour became Prime Minister in 1902, but the following year he succeeded Lord Balfour of Burleigh as Secretary for Scotland,[7] with a seat in the cabinet.

Judicial career, 1905–1932[edit]

Murray left the government and parliament in February 1905, on being appointed Lord Justice General and Lord President of the Court of Session.[1] He was raised to the peerage as Baron Dunedin, of Stenton in the County of Perth, on 9 March 1905.[8] He held these posts until 1913, when he was appointed a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary.[1]

During his tenure as a Law Lord he gave long majority judgments in cases including Metropolitan Water Board v Dick Kerr & Co Ltd[9] concerning frustration and Tredegar v. Harwood[10] concerning a landlord's liability to insure premises, Ellerman Lines Ltd v Murray[11] on employment law and excessive reliance on a preamble or draft international instrument, Sorrel v Smith[12] concerning the tort of conspiracy to interfere with a trade or calling, Leyland Shipping Co Ltd v Norwich Union Fire Insurance Society Ltd[13] on causation in tort, Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co Ltd v New Garage & Motor Co Ltd[14] on penalty clauses and Plumb v Cobden Flour Mills Co Ltd[15] on employer's liability. In 1923 he was chairman of the Political Honours Review Committee. He retired as a Law Lord in 1932.[1]

Apart from his legal and political career, Lord Dunedin was Sheriff of Perthshire between 1890 and 1891 and Lord Lieutenant of Buteshire between 1901 and 1905.[16] He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in 1908[17] and a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order in 1922.[18] In 1926 he was further honoured when he was made Viscount Dunedin, of Stenton in the County of Perth.[19]

Family[edit]

Lord Dunedin was twice married. He married firstly Mary Clementina, daughter of Admiral Sir William Edmonstone, 4th Baronet, in 1874. They had one son and two daughters. After Mary's death in December 1922 he married secondly Jean, daughter of George Findlay, in 1923. They had no children. His only son the Hon. Ronald Thomas Graham Murray (1875–1934) was a Major in the Black Watch and fought in the First World War. However, he died married but childless in September 1934, aged 59, predeceasing his father by eight years. Lord Dunedin died in August 1942, aged 92. As he had no surviving male issue both his titles became extinct on his death.[1]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f thepeerage.com Andrew Graham Murray, 1st Viscount Dunedin
  2. ^ "Brief History – Tods Murray". Tods Murray. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Murray, Andrew Graham (MRY867AG)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26213. p. 5353. 13 October 1891.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27772. p. 1843. 7 March 1905.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26754. p. 3767. 30 June 1896.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27604. p. 6147. 9 October 1903.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27773. p. 1923. 10 March 1905.
  9. ^ [1918] AC 119
  10. ^ [1929] A.C. 72
  11. ^ [1931] A.C. 126
  12. ^ [1925] A.C. 700
  13. ^ [1918] A.C. 350
  14. ^ [1915] A.C. 79
  15. ^ [1914] A.C. 62
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27263. p. 82. 4 January 1901. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28184. p. 7295. 9 October 1908.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32749. p. 1. 22 September 1922.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33134. p. 1240. 19 February 1926.
Sources
  • Torrance, David, The Scottish Secretaries (Birlinn 2006)

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Robertson
Member of Parliament for Buteshire
18911905
Succeeded by
Norman Lamont
Legal offices
Preceded by
Charles Pearson
Solicitor General for Scotland
1891–1892
Succeeded by
Alexander Asher
Preceded by
Thomas Shaw
Solicitor General for Scotland
1895–1896
Succeeded by
Charles Dickson
Preceded by
Charles Pearson
Lord Advocate
1896–1903
Succeeded by
Charles Dickson
Preceded by
Lord Balfour
Lord Justice General
1905–1913
Succeeded by
Alexander Ure
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Balfour of Burleigh
Secretary for Scotland
1903–1905
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Linlithgow
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The 3rd Marquess of Bute
Lord Lieutenant of Buteshire
1901–1905
Succeeded by
The 4th Marquess of Bute
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Dunedin
1926–1942
Extinct